This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project
to make the world's books discoverable online.
It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover.
Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the
publisher to a library and finally to you.
Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.
We also ask that you:
+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for
personal, non-commercial purposes.
+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.
+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it.
+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe.
About Google Book Search
Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web
at |http: //books .google .com/I
VILLAGE LFFE IN AMERIG
INCLUDING THE PERIOD OF THE AMERICAN
CIVIL WAR AS TOLD IN THE DIARY OF A
CAROLINE COWLES RICHARDS
WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY
MARGARiET E. SANGSTER
HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY
• 1912. -' ■
[AH rigkis rsunmd.]
My dear BroCben,
JAMES AND JOHN.
who, bj prooqit and example,
have encouraged me,
and, to my beloved sister,
whose aith and afifection
have been my chief inspiration,
this little volume
is lovingly inscribed.
INTRODUCTION, BY MRS MARGARRT £. SANGSTKR . 13
THE VILLAGES 17
THE VILLAGERS 18
TO BRITISH READERS, BY JOHN & MARSH . . . 30
1852.— FAMILY NOTES— FAMOUS SCHOOL-GIRLS — HOOP
1853. — RUNAWAYS— BIBLE STUDY— -ESSAYS— CATECHISM 29
1854.— LAKE PICNIC— PYRAMID OF BEAUTY— GOVERNOR
1855.— PREACHERS — JAMES ^^^ JOHN — VOTES FOR
1856.— THE FIRE — SLEIGHING AND PRAYER— FATHER'S
J 857. —TRUANTS AND PICKLES— CANDLE STORIES— THE
1858.— TABLEAUX AND CHARADES— SPlklTUAL SAAJfCS I07
1^59.— E. M. MORSE— LETTER < FROM THE NORTH POLE II7
l86a—GYMNASTICSr— TROUBLESOME COMFORTS .128
x86l.— PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S INAUGURATION — CIVIL
WAR— SCHOOL ENTHUSIASM 139
1862.— GOUGH LECTURES — PRESIDENT'S CALL FOR
THREE HUNDRED THOUSAND MEN — MISSION
t863.>-A SOLDIER'S DEATH — GENERAL M^CLELLAN's
LEITER— PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S ADDRESS AT <
ETTYSBURG 1 57
S8j^4.— GRAflDPATMER BSALS' PBATR— ANNA GRADUATES I fO
l865.->PRXSn>BNT LINCOLl^S SBCOND INAUGURAL
ADDRESS^PALL OF RICHMONX>— MURDER OF
1866.— FREEDMAN'S fair — GENERAL GRANT AND
ADMIRAL FARRAGUT VISIT CANANDAIGUA . I94
l867.^BROTHER JOHN AND WIFE GO TO LONDON—
LECTUR]^ BY CHARLES DICKENS . . . 20I
1872.— GRANDMOTHER BEALS' DEATH-r-BIOGRAPHY . 203
1 88a— anna's marriage .207
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
OlltoUNB OOWLBS RICHARDS (MRS s. c. cxarkb) FrimHsfiiece
REALS' HOMESTEAD, CANANDAIGUA, NEW YORK Foch^poge 7
BIRDSEYE VIEW OF CANANDAIGUA, NEW YORK „ 1 1
NAPLES VILLAGE AND VALLEY, NEW YORK ,, II
MAIN STREET, PENN YANN, NEW YORK „ 29
CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, CANANDAIGUA,
NEW YORK „ 29
OltANDFATHER BEALS „ 41
GRANDMOTHER BEALS „ 41
grandmother's ROCKING CHAIR ... „ 99
THE' GRANDFATHER CLOCK . . » 99
REV. OLIVER B. DAGGETT, l>.l>, „ III
CYRUS W. FIELD „ III
ONTARIO FEMALE SEMINARY, CANANDAIGUA
NEW YORK ,,141
CANANDAIGUA ACADEMY .... „ 160
AULD LANG SYNE
''Should auld acquaintance be foigot
And never brought to mind?
Should auld acquaintance be forgot
And days o' auld lang syne?
''We twa hae run about the braes
And pu'd the gowans fine.
But we've wandered mony a weary bit
Sin auld lang syne.
"We twa hae paddled in the bum
Frae morning sun till dine
But seas between us twa hae roared
Sin auld lang syne.
"For auld lang syne, my dear,
For auld lang syne.
Well take a cup o' kindness yet
For auld lang S3me."
The Diary of Caroline Cowles Richards fell
' into, my hands, so to speak, out of space. I
had no previous acquaintance with the author,
and I sat down to read the book one evening in
no especial mood of anticipation. From the first
page to the last my attention was riveted. To
call it fascinating barely expresses the quality
of the charm. Caroline Richards and her sister
Anna, having early lost their mother, were
sent to the home of her parents in Canandaigua,
New York, where they were brought up in
the simplicity and sweetness of a refined house-
hold, amid Puritan traditions. The children
were allowed to grow as plants do, absorbing
vitality from the atmospliere around them.
Whatever there was of gracious formality in the
manners of aristocratic people of the period,
came to them as their birthright, while the
spirit of the truest democracy pervaded their
home. Of this Diary it is not too much to
say that it is a revelation of childhood in ideal
The Diary begins in 1852, and is continued
until 1872. Those of us who live<) in the
latter half of the nineteenth century recalt the
swift transitions, the rapid march of science
and various changes in social customs, and
as we meet allusions to these in the leaves
of the girl's Diary we live our past over again
with peculiar pleasure.
Far more has been told us concerning the
South during the Civil War than concerning
the North. Fiction has found the North a
less romantic field, and the South has been
chosen as the background of many a stirring
novel, while only here and there has an author
been found who has known the deep-hearted
loyalty of the Northern States and woven the
story into narrative form. The girl who grew
up in Canandaigua was intensely patriotic, and
from day to day vividly chronicled what she
saw, felt, and heard. Her Diary is a faithful
record of impressions of that stormy time in
which the nation underwent a baptism of fire.
The realism of her paragraphs is unsurpassed.
Beyond the personal claim of the . Diary
and the certainty to give pleasure to a host
of re^aders, the author appeals to Americans in
general because of her family and her friends.
Her father and grandfather were Presbyterian
ministers. Her Grandfather Richards was
for twenty years President of Auburn Theo-
logical Seminary. Her brother, John Morgan
Richards of L'Ondon has recently given to
the world the Life and Letters of his gifted
and lamented daughter, Pearl Mary-Tertse
Craigie, known best a$ John Oliver Hobbes.
The famous Field brothers and their father,
Rev. David Dudley Field, and thifeir nephew,
Justice David J. Brewer, of the United States
Supreme Court, were her kinsmen. Miss
Hannah Upham, a distinguished teacher
mentioned in the Diary, belongs to the group
of American women to whom we owe the
initiative of what we now choose to call the
higher education of the sex. She, in common
with Mary Lyon, Emma Willard, and Eliza
Bayliss Wheaton, gave a forward impulse
to the liberal education of women, and our
privilege is to keep their memory green.
They are to be remembered by what they
have done and by the tender reminiscences
found here and there like pressed flowers in
a herbarium, in such pages as these.
Miss Richards' marriage to Mr Edmund
C. Clarke occurred in 1866. Mr Clarke is
a veteran of the Civil War and a Commander
in the Grand Army of the Republic. His
brother, Noah T. Clark<&, was the Principal
of Canandaigua Academy for the long term
of forty years. The dignified, amusing and
remarkable personages who were Mrs Clarke's
contemporaries, teachers, or friends are pictured
in her Diary just as they were, so that we
meet them on the street, in the drawing-room,
in church, at prayer -meeting, anywhere and
everywhere, and grasp their hands as if we,
too, were in their presence.
Wherever this little book shall go it will
carry good cheer. Fun and humour sparkle
through the story of this childhood and girl-
hood so that the reader will be cheated of
ennui, and the sallies of the little lister will
provoke mirth and laughter to brighten dull
days. I have read thousands of books. I
have never read one which has given me more
delight than this.
Margaret E. Sangster.
Glen Ridge, New Jersey, U.S.,
June 191 1.
THE VILLAGBS IT
CANANDAIGUA, NEW YORK.— A beantiinl village, the coon^
scat of Ontario Count/, aitnated at the foot of Canandaigna Lake,
wliich is called *'Xht gem of the inland lakes" of Western New
York, aboat 325 miles from New York city.
NAPLES, NEW YORK.— A small village at the head of Canandaigna
Lake, fiunoQs for its vine-clad hills and onrivalled scenery.
GENEVA, NEW YORK.—A beantifnl, town abont 16 miles from
EAST BLOOMFIELD, NEW YORK.'— An ideal Arming region
and snborban village about 8 miles from Canandaigna.
PENN YAN, NEW YORK.— The county seat ot Yates County,
a grape centre upon beautiful Lake Kenka.
ROCHESTER, NEW YORK.— A flourishing manufiurturing dty,
growing rapidly, less than 30 miles from Canandaigna, and 120
mOes from Niagara Falls.
AUBURN, NEW YORK.— Noted for its Theological Seminary,
nearly one hundred years old, and for being the home of William
H. Seward and other American Statesmen.
VILLAOE UFB IN AMERICA
Mr and Mrs THOMAS BEALS
CAROLINE AND ANNA
JAMES AND JOHN RICHARDS
" AUNT ANN "
" AUNT MARY r CARR
• • AUNT GLORIANNA "
" UNCLE HENRY "
"UNCLE THOMAS" .
Rbv. O. E. DAGGETT, D.D.
NOAH T. CLARKE
Hon. FRANCIS GRANGER .
General JOHN A. GRANGER
JOHN GREIG ....
. Grandfmther and Gnndmother
GrandchildreD of Mr and Mrs
MYRON H. CLARK
JUDGE H. W. TAYLOR
E. M. MORSE . . ^ .
Miss ZILPHA CLARKE .
Miss CAROLINE CHESEBRO
Mrs GEORGE WILLSON
Miss HANNAH UPHAM
Mr FRED THOMPSON .
Sons and daughters of Mr and
Pastor of Canandaigna Con-
Academy for Boys
Postmaster-General, U.S. A.
Of New York Sute Militia
Son of Hon. Francis
Son of General Grainger
Wealthy Scotsman long, time
resident of Canandaigna
Governor, State of New York
Prominent lawyer and jurist
A leading lawyer in Canan-
School teacher; of note
Eminent instructress and lady
principal of Ontario Female
Prominent resident, married
Miss ]^ary Clark, daughter
of Governor Myron H.
WILLIAM T. SCHLEY .
HORACE M. FINLEY .
S. GURNEY LAPHAM .
CHARLIE PADDOCK .
MERRITT C. WILLCOX
WILLIAM H. ADAMS .
GEORGE N. WILLIAMS
WILLIS P. FISK .
Residing with parents in Csn<
MARY WHEELER .
EMMA WHEELER .
LAURA CHAPIN :
MARY PAUL .
BESSIE SEYMOUR .
LUCILLA FIELD .
MARY FIELD .
SUSIE DAGGETT .
FANNY GAYLORD .
MARY COY .
HELEN COY .
LOTTIE i;.AFHAM .
CLARA WILSON .
FANNIE PALMER .
RITIE TYLER .
I Law Students.
. Teacher in Academy.
Residing with parents in Can<
TO BRITISH READERS
This "Diary of a Schcx)l-Girr' summarises un-
consciously in an artless and attractive manner
the finest and noblest attributes of the American
character. Considerations of a political character
sink into insignificance with the observations of a
quick-witted school-girl who, with innocent eyes^
presents the series of observations contained in this
remarkable diary. Inheriting the sacred traditions
of a Puritan ancestry, she sets up that standard of
morality which makes for the foundation of a^
kingdom, whose author and builder is not of this
world. Grandfather and Grandmother Beals are
typical of an age existing before the birth of " The
Almighty Dollar." The Grandfather in straight-
forward dealing is unsurpassed by any creation of
fiction ; and Grandmother Beals, by her sweetness
of life, actuated by her knowledge of Bible truths is
worthy of a place amongst the noblest of unselfish
women. To them this girl-diarist pays, all-unknow-
ing, a beautiful tribute ; while at the same time the
spirit of the age is photographed in the social records
of everyday life. From their beginning the United
States were in advance of other nations in their
methods of education — the development of the
natural powers of her children, rather than in the
imposition of a dead learning. These simple annals
of a girl's early years are of the highest historical
and literary value.
John B. Marsh.
WiMBART ROADy TULSK HlLL>
London, S.W.^ Seputnber 1911.
VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
November 21 y 1852. — I am ten years old
to-day, and I think I will write a journal and
tell who I am and what I am doing. I have
lived with my Grandfather and Grandmother
Beals ever since I was seven years old, and
Anna, too, since she was four. Our brothers,
James and Johri, came too, but they are at
East Bloomfield at Mr Stephen Clark's
Academy. Miss Laura Cl^rk of Naples is
Anna and I go to school at District No. 11.
Mr James C. Cross is our teacher, and some
of the scholars say he is cross by name and
cross by nature, but I like him. He gave me
a book by the name of "Noble Deeds of
American Women," for reward of merit, in
my reading class. To-day, a nice old gentle-
man, by the name of Mr William Wood,
visited our school. He is Mrs Nat Gdrham'^
uncle, and Wood Street is named for him. He
had a beautiful pear in his hand and said he
Sf VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
would give it to the boy or girl who could
spell "virgaloo/' for that was the name of
tne pear. I spelt it that way, but it was not
right. A little boy, named William Schley,
spelt it right and he got t^e pear. I wish I
had, but I can't even remember now how he
spelt it. If the pear was as hard as the name,
I don't believe any one would want it, but I
don't see how they happened to give such a
hard name to such §l nice pear. Grandfather
says perhaps Mr Wood will bring in a Seckle
pear some day, so I had better be ready for
Grandmother told us such a nice story
to-day f am going to write it down in my
journal. I think I shall write a book some
day. Miss Caroline Chesebro did, and I don't
see why I can't. If I do, I shall put this story
in it. It is a true story and better than any
I foui>d in three story books Grandmother
gave us to read this week, "Peep of Day,"
"Line Upon Line," and "Precept Upon
Precept," but this story was better tnan tnem
all. One night Grandfather was locking the
front door at nine o'clock, and he heard a queer
sound, like a baby crying. So he unlocked
the door and found a bandbpx on the stoop,
and the cry seemed to come from inside of it.
So he took it up and brought it into the
dining - room and called the two girls, who
had just gone upstairs to bed. They came
right down and opened the box, and there was
a poor little girl baby, crying as hard as could
be. They took it out and rocked it and sung
to it and got some milk and fed it and then
sat up all night with it, by the fire. There
was a paper pinned on the baby's dress with
her name oh it, "Lily T. LaMott," and a
piece of poetry cs^lled " pity the Poor Orphan/-
The next morning, Grandfather went to the
overseer of the poor and he said it should be
taken to the. county house, so our. hired man
got the horse and buggy, and one of the girls
carried the baby and they took it away. There
was a piece in the paper about it and Grand-
mother pasted it into her *• Jay's Morning and
Evening Exercises," and showed it to us. Ijt
said, ''A Deposit After Banking Hours."
"Two suspicious looking females were seen
about town in the afternoon, one of them
carrying an infant. They took a train early
in the morning without the child. They
probably secreted themselves in Mr Beals'
yard and if he had not taken the box in
they would have carried it somewhere else."
When Grandfather told the clerks in the
bank about it next morning, Mr Bunnell,
who lives over by Mr Daggett's, on the park,
said, if it had been left at some people's houses
it would not have been sent away. Grand-
mother says they heard that the baby was
adopted afterwards by some nice people in
Geneva. People must think this is a nice
place for children, for they had eleven of
their own before we came. Mrs McCoe was
here to call this afternoon and s|ie looked at
us and said : " It must be a great responsibility,
Mrs Beals." Grandmother said she thougnt
S4 YILLAOE LIFE IN AMERICA
"her strength would be equal to her day."
That is one of her favourite verses. She said
Mrs McCoe never had any children ot her
own and perhaps that is the reason she looks
so sad at us. Perhaps some one will leave
a bandbox and a baby at her door some
Saturday, — Our brother John drove over
from East Bloomfield to-day to see us and
brought Julia Smedley with him, who is just
my age. John lives at Mr F.erdinand Beebe's
and goes to school and Julia is Mr Beebe's
niece. They make quantities of maple sugar
out there and they brought us a dozen little
cakes. They were splendid. I offered John
one and he said he would rather throw it over
the fence than to eat it. I can't understand
that. Anna had the faceache to-day and I
told her that I would be the doctor and make
her a ginger poultice. I thought I did it
exactly right but when I put it on her face
she shivered and said: "Carrie, you make
lovely poultices only they are so cold." I
suppose I ought to have warmed it.
7W5^^^.— Grandfather took us to rid? this
afternoon and let us ask Bessie Seymour to
go with us. We rode on the plank road to
Chapinville and had to pay 2 cents at the
toll gate, both way?. We met a good many
people and Grandfather bowed to them ^d
said, ''How do you do, neighbour?"
We asked him whaf their names were and
he said he did not know. We went to see
Mr Munson, who runs the miU at Chapinville.
He took us through the mill and let us get
weighed and took. us over to his house and
out into the barn -yard to see the pigs and
chickens and we also saw a colt which was
one day old. Anna just wrote in her journal
that "it was a very amusing site."
Sunday. — Rev. Mr Kendall, of East Bloom-
field, preached to-day. His text was from
Job 26, 14 : " Lo these are parts of his ways^
but how little a portion is heard of him." I
could not make out what he meant. He is
James' and John's minister.
Wednesday. — Captain Menteith was at our
house to dinner to-day and he tried to make
Anna and me laugh by snapping his snuff-
box under the table. He is a very jolly
man, I think.
Thursday. — Father and Uncle Edward
Richards came to see us yesterday and took
us down to Mr Corson's store and told us we
could have anything we wanted. So we asked
for several kinds of candy, stick candy and
lemon drops and bulls' eyes, and then they got
us two rubber balls and two jumping ropes
with handles and two hoops and sticks to roll
them with and two red carnelian rings and two
bracelets. We enjoyed getting them very much,
and expect to have lots of fun. They went
out to East Bloomfield to see James and John,
26 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
and father is going to tak^ them' to New
Orleans, We hate to have them go.
Friday. — We asked Grandmother if we could
have some hoop skirts like the seminary girls
and she said no, we were not old enough.
When we were downtown Anna bought a reed
for ro cents and ran it into the hem of her
underskirt and says she is going to wear it to
school to-morrow, I think Grandmother will
laugh out loud for once, when she sees it, but
I don't think Anna will wear it to school or
anywhere else. She wouldn't want to if she
knew how terrible it looked.
I threaded a dozen needles on a spool of
thread for Grandmother, before I went to
school, so that she could slip them along and
use them as she needed them. She says it is
a great help.
Grandmother says I will have a great deal to
answer for, because Anna looks up to me so
and tries to do everything that I do and thinks
whatever I say is "gospel truth." The other
day the girls at school were disputing with her
about something and she said, "It is so, if it
ain't so, for Calline said so." I shall have to
**toe the mark," as Grandfather says, if she
keeps watch of me all the time and walks in
We asked Grandmother this evening if we
could sit out in the kitchen with Bridget and
Hannah and the hired man, Thomas HpUeran.
She said we could take turns and each stay ten
minutes by the clock. It gave us a little
change. I read once ^at ''variety is the spice
of life/' They sit around the table and each
one has a candle, and Thomas reads aloud to
the girls while they sew. He and Bridget are
Catholics, but Hannah is a member of our
Church. The girls have lived here always, I
think, but I don't know for sure, as I have not
lived here always myself, but we have to get
a new hired man sometimes. Grandmother
says if you are as good to your gfirls as you are
to yourself they will stay a long time. I am
sure that is Grandmother's rule. Mrs McCarty,
who lives on Brook Street (some people call it
Cat Alley but Grandmother says that is not
proper), washe3 for us Mondays, and Grand-
mother always has a lunch for her at eleven
o'clock and goes out herself to see that she sits
down and eats it. Mrs McCarty told us Monday
that Mrs Brockle's niece was dead, who lives
next door to her. Grandmother sent us over
with some things for their comfort and told
us to say that we were sorry they were in
trouble. We went and when we came back
Anna told Grandmother that I said, *' Never
mind, Mrs Brockle, some day we will all be
dead." I am sure that I said something better
Wednesday, — Mr Cross had us speak pieces
to-day. He calls our names, and we walk oh
to the platform and toe the mark and make a
bow and say what we have got; to say. He did
not know what our pieces were going to be
and some of them said the same ones. Two.
« VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
boys spoke: "The boy stood on the burning
deck» whence all but him had fled.'* William
Sly was one, and he spoke his the best. When
he said, '' The flames that lit the battle wreck
shone round him o'er the dead/' we could almost
see the j5re, and when he said, " My father,
must I stay ? " we felt like telling him, no, he
needn't He is going to make a good speaker.
Mr Cross said so. Albert Murray spoke
"Excelsior," and Horace Finley spoke nice,
too. My piece was, " Why, Phoebe, are
you come so soon ? Where are your berries,
child .^" Emma Van Arsdale spoke the same
one. We find them all in our reader. Some-
time I am going to speak, "How does the
water come down at Ladore ? " Splashing and
flashing and dashing and clashing and all
that — it rhymes, so it is easy to remember.
We played snap the whip at recess to-day
and I was on the end and was snapped off
against the fence. . It hurt me so, that Anna
cried. It is not a very good game for girls,
especially for the one on the end.
Tuesday. — I could not keep a journal for
two weeks, because Grandfather and Grand-
mother have been very sick and we were afraid
something dreadful was going to happen. We
are so glad that they are well again. Grand-
mother was sick upstairs and Grandfather in
the bedroom downstairs, and we carried
messages back and forth for them. Dr Carr
and Aunt Mary came over twice every day and
said they had the influenza and the inflamma-
tidn of the lungs. 1 1 was lonesome for us to sit
down to the table and just have Hannah wait
on us. We had such lumps in our throats we
dould not eat much and we cried ourselves to
sleep two or three nights. Aunt Ann Field
took us home with her one afternoon to stay
all night We liked the idea and Mary and
Louisa and Anna and I planned what we would
play in the evening, but just as it was dark our
hired man, Patrick McCarty, drove over after us.
He said Grandfather and Grandmother could
not get to sleep till they saw the children and
bid them good-night. So we rode home with
him. We never stayed anywhere away from
home all night that we can remember. When
Grandmother came downstairs the first time
she was too weak to walk, so she sat on each
step till she got down. When Grandfather saw
her, he smiled and said to us : *' When she will,
she will, you may depend on't ; and when she
won't she won't, and that's the end on't." But
we knew all the time that he was very glad to
Sunday, March 20, 1853. — It snowed so, that
we could not go to church to-day and it was the
longest day I ever spent. The only excite-
ment was seeing the snowplough, drawn by two
horses, go up on this side of the street and
down on the other. Grandfather put on his
long cloak with a cape, whidh he wears in real
cold weather, and went. We wanted to pull
some long stockings over our shoes .and go too
but Grandmother did not think it was. best.
90 VILLAGE UPE IN AMERICA
She gave us the '' Dairyman's Daughter*' and
•'Jane the Young Cottager," by Leigh Rich-
mond, to read. I don't see how they happened
to be so awfully good. Anna says they died
of "early piety," but she did not say it very
loud. Grandmother said she would give me
lo cents if I would learn the verses in the
New England Primer that John Rogers left
for his wife and nine small children and one at
the breast, when he was burned at the stake,
at Smithfield, England, in 1555. One verse is,
"J leave you here a little book for you to look
upon that you may see your father's face when
he is dead and gone." It is a very long piece
but I got it. Grandmother says **the blood
of the martyrs is the seed of the church^"
'' In Adam's fall we sinned all.
My Book and heart shall never part.
The Cat doth slay and after play.
The Dog doth bite a thief at night>
When she came to the end of it and said,
" Zaccheus he, did climb a tree, his Lord to see."
she $aid she heard some one say, " The tree
broke down and let him fall and he did not see
his Lord at all.'' Grandmother said it was
very wicked indeed and she hoped Anna would
try and forget it.
April I. — Grandmother sent me up into
the little chamber to-day to straighten things
and get the room ready to be cleaned. I
found a little book called ''Child's Pilgrim
Progress, Illustrated/' that I had never seen
before. I got as far as Giant Despair when
Anna came up and said Grandmother sent
her to see what I was doing, and she went
back and told her that I was sitting on the
floor in the midst of books and papers and
was so absorbed in *• Pilgrim's Progress" that
-I had made lione myself. It must be a good'
book for Grandmother did not say a word.
Father sent us "Gulliver's Travels" and
there is a gilt picture on the green cover, of
a giant witn legs astride and little Lilliputians
standing underneath, who do not come up to
his knees. Grandmother did not like the
picture, so she pasted a piece of pink calico
over it, so we could pnly see the giant from
his waist up. I love the story of Cinderella
and the poem^. **'Twas the night before
Christmas," and I am sorry that there are
no fairies and no Santa Claus.
We go to school to Miss Zilpha Clark in
her own house on Gibson Street. Other girls
who go are Laura Chapin, Julia. Phelps, Mary
Paul, Bessie Seymour, Lucilla and Mary Field,
Louisa Benjamin, Nannie Corson, Kittie
Marshall, Abbie Clark and several other
girls. I like ,Abbie Clark the best of all the
girls in school excepting of course my sister
Before I go to school every morning I read
three chaptiers in the Bible. I read three
every day and five on Sunday and that takes
me through the Bible in a year. Those I
St VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
read this morning were the first, second mnd
third chapters of Job* The first was about
Eliphaz reproveth Job; second, Benefit of
God's correction; diird, Job justifieth his
complaint. I then learned a text to say at
school. I went to school at quarter to nine
and recited my text and we had prayers
and then proceeded with the business of the
day. Just before school was out, we recited
in "Science of Things Familiar," and in
Dictionary, and then we had calisthenics.
We go through a great many figures and
sing "A Life on the Ocean Wave," "What
Fairy Like Music Steals Over the Sea,"
" Lightly Row, Lightly Row, O'er the Glassy
Waves We Go," and "O Come, Come Away,"
and other songs. Mrs Judge Taylor wrote
one song on purpose for us.
May I. — I arose tnis morning about the
usual time and read my three chapters in the
Bible and had time for a walk in the garden
before breakfast. The polyanthuses are just
beginning to blossom and they border all the
walk up and down the garden. I went to
school at . quarter of nine, but did not get
along very well because we played too much.
We had two new scholars to-day. Miss
Archibald and Miss Andrewis, the former
about seventeen and the latter about fifteen.
In the afternoon old Mrs Kinney made us a
visit, but she did not stay very long. In
dictionary class I got up sixth, although I had
not studied my lesson very much.
yufy.—Hiraxn Goodrich, who lives at Mr
Myron H. Clark's, and George and Wirt
Wheeler ran away on Sunday to seek their
fortunes. When they did not come back
every one was frightened and started out to
find them. They set out right after Sunday
School, taking their pennies which had been
given them for the contribution, and were
gone several days. They were finally found
at Palmyra. When asked why they had run
away, one replied that he thought it was
about time they saw something of the world.
We heard that Mr Clark had a few moments
private conversation with Hiram in the barn
and Mr Wheeler the same with his boys and
we do not think they will go traveling on
their own hook again right off. Miss Upham
lives right across the street from them and
she was telling little Morris Bates that he
must fight the good fight of faith and he
asked her if that was the fight that Wirt
Wheeler fit. She probably had to make her
instructions plainer after that.
yufy. — Every Saturday our cousins, Lucilla
and Mary and Louisa Field, take turns coming
to Grandmother's to dinner. It was Mary's
turn to-day, but she was sick and couldn't
come, so Grandmother told us that we could
dress up and make some calls for her. We
were very glad. She told us to go to Mrs
Gooding's first, so we did and she was glad
to see us and gaye us some cake she had
just made. Then we went on to Mr Greig's.
84 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
We walked up the high steps to the front
door and rang the bell and Mr Alexander
came. We asked if Mrs Greig and Miss
Chapin were at home and he said ye^, and
asked us into the parlour. We looked at the
paintings on the wall and looked at ourselves
in the long looking-glass, while we were
waiting. Mrs Irving came in first. She was
very nice and said I looked like her niece,
Julie Jeffrey. I hope I do, for I would like
to look like her. Mrs Greig and Miss Chapin
came in and were very glad to see us, and
took us out into the greenhouse and showed
us all the beautiful plants. When we said
we would have to go they said good-bye and
sent love to Grandmother and told us to call
again. I never knew Anna to act as polite
as she did to-day. Then we went to see
Mrs Judge Phelps and Miss Eliza Chapin,
and they were very nice and gave us sopie
flowers from their garden. Then we went
on to Miss Caroline Jackson's, to see Mrs
Holmes. Sometimes she is my Sunday School
teacher, and she says she and our mother
used to be great friends at the seminary.
She said she was glad we came up and she
hoped we would be as good as our mother
was. That is what nearly every one says.
On our way back, we called on Mrs Dana
at the Academy, as she is a friend of Grand-
mother. She is Mrs Noah T. Clarke's mother.
After that, we went home and told Grand-
mother we had a very pleasant tfme calling on
our friends and they all asked us to come again.
Sunday, August 15. — To-day the Sacrament
of the Lord's Supper was held in our church,
and Mr Daggett baptized several little babies.
They looked so cunning when he took them
in his arn>s and not one of them cried. I
told Grandmother when we got home that
I remembered when Grandfather Richards
baptized me in Auburn, and when he gave
me back to mother he said, '' Blessed little
lambkin, you'll never know your grandpa."
She said I was mistaken about remembering
it, for he died before I was a year old, but
I had heard it told so many times I thought
I remembered it. Projbably that is the way
it was but I know it happened.
November 22. — I wrote a composition to-day,
and the subject was, " Which of the Seasons
Is the Pleasantest ? " Anna asked Grand-
mother what she should write about, and
Grandmother said she thought ** A Contented
Mind " would be a very good subject, but
Anna said she never had one and didn't know
what it meant, so she didn't try to write any
A squaw walked right into our kitchen to-day
with a blanket over her head and had beaded
purses to sell.
This is my composition which I wrote :
"Which of the seasons is the pleasantest?
Grim winter with its cold snows and whistling
winds, or pleasant spring with its green grass
and budding trees, or warm summer with its
ripening fruit and beautiful flowers, or delightful
36 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
autumn with its golden fruit and splendid sun-
sets ? I think that I like all the seasons very
well. In winter comes the blazing fire and
Christmas treat. Then we can have sleigh-
rides and play in the snow and generally get
pretty cold noses and toses. In spring we
have a great deal of rain and very often snow
and therefore we do not enjoy that season
as much as we would if it was dry weather,
but we should remember that April showers
bring May flowers. In summer we can hear
the birds warbling their sweet notes in the
trees and we have a great many strawberries,
currants, gooseberries and cherries, which I
like very much, indeed, and I think summer
is a very pleasant season. In autumn we
have some of our choicest fruits, such as
peaches, pears, apples, grapes and plums and
plenty of flowers in the former part, but in
the latter, abqut in November, the wind begins
to blow and the leaves to fall and the flowers
to wither and die. Then cold winter with
its sleigh-rides comes round again." After I
had written this I went to bed. Anna tied
her shoe strings in hard knots so she could
sit up later.
November 23. — We read our compositions
to-day and Miss Clark said mine was very
good. One of the girls had a Prophecy for a
composition and told what we were all going
to be when we grew up. She said Anna
Richards was going to be a missionary and
Anna cried right out loud. I tried to comfort
■■ "^ ^^
her and told her it might never happen, so
she stopped crying.
November 24. — Three ladies visited our
school to-day, Miss Phelps, Miss Daniels and
Mrs Clark. We had calisthenics and they
Sunday. — Mr Tousley preached to - day.
Mr Lamb is Superintendent of the Sunday
School. Mr Chipman used to be. Miss
Mollie Bull played the melodeon. Mr Fair-
child is my teacher when he is there. He
was not there to-day and Miss Mary Howell
taught our class. I wish I could be as good
and pretty as she is. We go to church
morning and afternoon and to Sunday School,
and learn seven verses every week and recite
catechism and hymns to Grandmother in the
evening. Grandmother knows all the questions
by heart, so she lets the book lie in her lap
and she asks them with her eyes shut. She
likes to h^ar us sing:
" 'Tis religion that can give
Sweetest pleasure while we live,
'Tis religion can supply
Solid comfort when we die."
December i . — Grandfather asked me to read
President Pierce's message aloud to him this
evening. I thought it was very long and dry,
but he said it was interesting and that I read
it very well. I am glad he liked it. Part of
«8 VILLAGE LEFB IN AMERICA
it was about the Missouri Compromise and I
didn't even know what it meant.
December 8. — We are taking dictation
lessons at school now. Miss Clark reads to
us from the "Life of Queen Elizabeth" and
we write it down in a book and keep it. She
x:orrects it for us, I always spell ** until " with
two i's and she has to mark it every time. I
hope I will learn how to spell it after a while.
Saturday, December 9. — We took our music
lessons to-day. Miss Hattie Heard is our
teacher and she says we are getting along
well. Anna practiced her lesson over sixty-
five times this morning before breakfast and
can play **Mary to the Saviour's Tomb" as
fast as a waltz.
We chose sides and spelled dqwn at school
to-day. Julia Phelps and I stood up the last
and both went down on the same word —
eulogism. I don't see the use of that **e.*'
Miss Clark gave us twenty words which we
had to bring into some stories which we wrote.
It was real fun to hear them. Every one was
January i, 1854. — About fifty little boys
and girls at intervals knocked at the front
dooT to-day, to wish us Happy New Year.
We had pennies and cakes and apples ready
for them. The pennies, especially, seemed
to attract them and we noticed the same ones
several times. Aunt Mary Carr made lovely
New Year cakes with a pretty flower stamped
on before they were baked.
February 4, 1854. — We heard to-day of
the death of our little half-sister, Julia Dey
Richards, in Penn Yan, yesterday, and I felt
so sorry I couldn't sleep last night so I made
up some verses about her and this morning
wrote them down and gave them to Grand-
father. He liked them so well he wanted
me to show them to Miss Clark and ask her
to revise them. I did and she said she would
hand them to her sister Mary to correct.
When she handed them back they were very
much nicer than they were at first and Grand-
father had me copy them and he pasted them
into one of his Bibles to keep.
Saturday. — Anna and I went to call on
40 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Miss Upham to-day. She is a real old lady
and lives with her niece, Mrs John Biaites, on
Gibson Street. Our mother used to go to
school to her at the Seminary. Miss Upham
said to Anna, **Your mother was a lovely
woman. You are not at all like her, dear."
I told Anna she meant in looks I was sure,
but Anna was afraid she didn't.
Sunday, — Mr Daggett's text this morning
was the 22 nd chapter of Revelation, i^th verse,
" I am the root and offspring of David and the
bright and morning star." ' Mrs Judge Taylor
taught our Sunday School class to-day and
she said we ought not to read our S. S. books
on Sunday. I always do. Mine to-day was
entitled, " Cheap Repository Tracts by Hannah
More," and it did not seem unreligious at all.
Tuesday. — A gentleman visited our school
to-day whom we had never seen. Miss Clark
introduced him to us. When he came in,
Miss Clark said, "Young ladies," and we all
stood up and bowed and said his name in
concert. Grandfather says he would rather
have us go to school to Miss Clark than any-
one else because she teaches us manners as
well as books. We girls think that he is a
very particular friend of Miss Clark. He is
very nice looking, but we don't know where he
lives. Laura Chapin says he is an architect.
I looked it up in the dictionary and it says one
who plans or designs. I hope he does not
plan to get married to Miss Clark and take her
away and break up the school, but I presume
he does, for that is usually the way.
Monday. — There was a minister preached
in our church last night and some people say
he is the greatest minister in the world. I
think his name was Mr Finney. Grandmother
said I could go with our girl, Hannah White.
We sat under the gallery, in Miss Antoinette
Pierson s pew. There was a great crowd and
he preached g^od. Grandmother says that
pur mother was a Christian when she was
ten years old and joined the church and she
showed us some sermons that mother used to
write down when she was seventeen years old,
after she came home from church, and she has
kept them all these years. I think children
in old times were not as bad as they are
Tuesday. — Mrs Judge Taylor sent for me
to come over to see her to-day. I didn't
know what she wanted, but when I got there
she said she wanted to talk and pray with me
on the subject of religion. She took me into
one of the wings. I never had been in there
before and was frightened at first, but it was
nice after I got used to it. After she prayed,
she asked me to, but I couldn't think of any-
thing but " Now I lay me down to sleep," and
I was afraid she would not like that, so I
didn't say anything. When I got home and
told Anna, she said, "Caroline, I presume
probably Mrs Taylor wants you to be a
4« VILLAGE LIFE IN AMSRICA
missionary, but I shan't let you go." I told
her she needn't worry for I would have to
stay at home and look after her. After school
to-night I went out into Abbie Clark's garden
with her and she taught me how to play
'* mumble te peg." It is fun, but rather
dangerous. I am afraid Grandmother won't
;ive rtie a knife to play with. Abbie Clark
las beautiful pansies in her garden and gave
me some roots.
Wednesday. — Grandmother sent Anna and
me up to Butcher Street after school to-day
to invite Chloe to come to dinner. I never
saw so many black people as there are up
there. We saw old Lloyd and black Jonathan
and Dick Valentine and Jerusha and Chloe
and Nackie. Nackie was pounding up stones
into sand, to sell, to scour with. Grandmother
often buys it of her. I think Chloe was
surprised, but she said she would be ready,
to-morrow, at eleven o'clock, when the carriage
came for her. I should hate to be as f&t as
Chloe. I think she weighs 300. She is going
to sit' in Grandfather's big arm chair, Grand-
We told her we should think she would
rather invite white ladies, but she said Chloe
was a poor old slave and as Grandfather had
gone to Saratoga she thought it was a good
time to have her. She said God made of one
blood all the people on the face of the earth,
so we knew she would do it and we didn't say
any more. When we talk too much, Grand-
father always says N. C. (nu£f ced). She sent
a carriage for Chloe and she came and had a
nice dinner^ not in the kitchen either. Grand-
mother asked her if there was any one else
she would like to see before she went home
and she said, "Yes, Miss Rebekah Gorham,"
so she told the coachman to take her down
there and wait for her to make a call and then
take her home and he did. Chloe said she
had a very nice time, so probably Grand-
mother was all right as she generally is, but
I could not be as good as she is, if I should
try one hundred years.
June. — Our cousin, George Bates, of Hono-
lulu, came to see us to-day. He has one
brother, Dudley, but he didn't come. George
has just graduated from college and is going
to Japan to be a doctor. He wrote such a
nice piece in my album I must copy it, " If I
were a poet I would celebrate your virtues in
rhyme, if I were forty years old, I would write
a homily on good behaviour ; being neither, I
will quote two familiar lines which if taken as
a rule of action will make you a good and
happy woman :
" Honour and shame from no condition rise.
Act well your part, there all the honour lies.''
I think he is a very smart young man and
will make a good doctor to the heathen.
Saturday. — Grandfather took us down street
to be measured for some new patten leather
44 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
shoes at Mr Ambler s. They are going to be
very nice ones for best. We got our new
summer hats from Mrs Freshour's millinery
and we wore them over to show to Aunt Ann
and she said they were the very handsomest
bonnets she had seen this year.
Tuesday. — When we were on our way to
school this morning we met a lot of people
and girls and boys going to a picnic up the
lake. They asked us to go, too, but we said
we were afraid we could not. Mr Alex.
Howell said, "Tell your Grandfather I will
bring you back safe and sound unless the boat
goes to the bottom with all of us." So we
went home and told Grandfather and much to
our surprise he said we could go.' We had
never been on a boat or on the lake before.
We went up to the head on the steamer
''Joseph Wood'' and got off at Maxwell's Point.
They had a picnic dinner and lots of good
things to eat. Then we all went into the glen
and climbed up through it. Mr Alex. Howell
and Mrs Wheeler got to the top first and
everybody gave three cheers. We had a
lovely time riding back on the boat and told
Grandmother we had the very best time we
ever had in our whole lives.
May 26. — There was an eclipse of the sun
to-day and we were very much excited looking
at it. General Granger came over and gave
us some pieces of smoked glass. Miss Clark
wanted us to write compositions about it so
Anna wrote, ** About eleven o'clock we went
out to see if it had come yet, but it hadn't
come yet, so we waited awhile and then looked
again and it had come, and there was a piece
of it cut out of it." Miss Clark said it was a
very good description and she knew Anna
wrote it all herself.
I handed in a composition, too, about
the eclipse, but I don't think Miss Clark
liked it as well as she did Anna's, because
it had something in it about "the beggarly
elements of the world." She asked me where
I got it and I told her that it was in a nice
story book that Grandmother gave me to
read entitled, " Elizabeth Thornton or the
Flower and Fruit of Female Piety, and other
sketches," by Samuel Irenaeus Prime. This
was one of the other sketches : It commenced by
telling how the moon came between the sun and
the earth, and then went on about the beggarly
elements. Miss Clark asked me if I knew
what they meant and I told her no, but I
thought they sounded good. She just smiled
iand never scolded me at all. I suppose next
time I must make it all up myself.
There is a Mr Packer in town, who teaches
all the children to sing. He had a concert
in Bemis Hall last night and he put Anna
on the top row of the pyramid of beauty and
about one hundred children in . rows below.
She ought tp have worn a white dress as the
others did but Grandmother said her new pink
barege would do. I curled her hair all around
in about thirty curls and she looked very nice.
46 VnXAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
She waved the flag in the shape of the letter
S and sang "The Star Spangled Banner,"
and all the others joined in the chorus. It
was perfectly grand.
Monday, — When we were on our way to
school this morning we saw General Granger
coming, and Anna had on such a homely sun-
bonnet she took it off and hid it behind her
till he had gone by. When we told Grand-
mother she said, " Pride goeth before destruc-
tion and a haughty spirit before a fall." I
never heard of any one Who knew so many
Bible verses as Grandmother. Anna thought
she would be sorry for her and get her a new
sunbonnet, but she didn't.
Sunday. — We have Sunday School at nine
o'clock in the morning now. Grandfather
loves to watch us when we watk off together
down the street, so he walks back and forth
oil the front walk till we come out, and gives
us our money for the contribution. This
morning we had on our new white dresses
that Miss Rosewarne made and new summer
hats and new patten leather shoes and our
mitts. When he had looked us all over he
said, with a smile, ** The- Bible says, let your
garments be always white." After we had
gone on a little ways, Anna said : "If Grand-
mother had thought of that verse I wouldn't
have had to wear my pink barege dress to
the concert." I told her she need not feel
bad about that now, for she sang as well as
any of them and looked just a3 good. She
always believes everything I say» although
she does not always do what I tell her to.
Mr Noah T. Clarke told us in Sunday School
last Sunday that if we wanted to take shares
in the missionary ship, Morning Star, we
could buy them at lo cents apiece, and Grand-
mother gave us $1 to-day so we could have
ten shares. We got the certificate with a
picture of the ship on it, and we are going
to keep it alwiays. Anna says if we pay the
money, we don't have to go.
Sunday.— I almost forgot that it was Sunday
this morning and talked and laughed just as
I do week days. Grandmother told me to
write down this verse before I went to church
so I would remember it : *' Keep thy foot
when thou goest to the house of God, and^
be more ready to hear than to offer the
sacrifice of fools." I will remember it now,
sure. My feet are all right any way with my
new patten leather shoes on but I shall have
to look out for my head. Mr Thomas Howell
read' a sermon to-day as Mr Daggett is out of
town. Grandmother always comes upstairs to
get the candle and (uck us in before she goes
to bed herself, and some nights we are sound
asleep and do not hear her, but last night
we only pretended to be asleep. She kneeled
down by the bed iand prayed aloud for us,
that we might be good children and that she
might have strength given to her from on
high to guide us in the straight and narrow
48 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
path which leads to life eternal. Those were
her very words. After she had gone down-
stairs we sat up in bed and talked about it
and promised each other to be good, and
crossed our hearts and "hoped to die," if we
broke our promise. Then Anna was afraid
we would die, but I told her I didn't believe
we would be as good as that, so we kissed
each other and went to sleep.
Monday. — "Old Alice" was at our house
to-day and Grandmother gave her some
flowers. She hid them in her apron for she
said if she should me;et any little children and
they should ask for them she would have to
let them go. Mrs Gooding was at our house
to-day and made a carpet. We went over ' to
Aunt Mary Carr's this evening to see the gas
and the new chandeliers. They are brontz.
Tuesday. — My three chapters that I read this
morning were about Josiah's zeal and reforma-
tion ; 2nd, Jerusalem taken by Nebuchadnezzar ;
3rd, Jerusalem besieged and taken. The reason
that we always read the Bible the first thing
in the morning is because it says in the Bible,
"Seek first the kingdom of God and His
righteousness and all these things shall be
added unto you." Grandmother says she
hopes we will treasure up all these things in
our liearts and practice them in our lives. I
hope so, too. This morning Anna got very
mad at one of the girls and Grandmother told
her she ought to return good for evil and heap
coeds of .fire on her head. Anna said she
wi^ed she could and bum her all up, but I
don't think she meant it.
Wednesday. — I got up this morning at
twenty minutes after five. I always brush
my teeth every morning, but I forget to put it
down here. I read my three chapters in Job
and played in the garden and had time to
read Grandmother a piece in the paper about
some poor children in New York. Anna and
I went over to Aunt Ann's before school and
she gave us each two sticks of candy apiece.
Part of it came from New York and part from
Williamstown, Mass., where Henry goes to
college. Ann Eliza is going down street 'with
us this afternoon to buy us some new summer
bonnets. They are to be trimmed with blue
and white and are to come to five dollars. We
are going to Mr Stannard's store also, to buy
us some stockings. I ought to buy me a .new
thimble and scissors for I carried my sewing
to school to-day and they were inside of it
very carelessly and dropped out and got lost.
I ought to buy them with my own money,
but I haven't got any, for I gave all I had
(two shillings) to Anna to buy Louisia Field
a cornelian ring.^ Perhaps Father will send
me some money soon, but I hate to ask him
for fear he will rob himself. I don't like to tell
Grandfather how very careless I was, though
I know he would say, '' Accidents will happeii."
Thursday. — I was up learly this morning.
so VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
because a dressmaker, Miss Willson, is coming
to make me a new calico dress.. It is white
with pink spots in it and Grandfather bought it
in New York. It is very nice indeed and I
think Grandfather was very kind to get it
for me. I had to stay at home from sphool
to be fitted. I helped sew and run my dress
skirt around the bottom and whipped it on
the top. I went to school in the afternoon,
but did not have my lessons very well. Miss
Clark excused me because I was; not there in
the morning. Some girls got up on our fence
to-day and walked clear across it, the whole
length. It is iron and very high and has a
stone foundation. Grandmother asked them
to get down, but I think they thought it was
more fun to walk up there than it was on the
ground. The name of the little girl that got
up first was Mary Lapham. She is Lottie
Lapham's cousin. I made the pocket for my
dress after I got home from school and then
Grandfather said he would take us out to ride,
so he took us way up to Thaddeus Chapin s
on the hill. Julia Phelps was there, playing
with Laura Chapin, for she is her cousin.
Henry and Ann Eliza Field came over to call
this evening. Henry has come home from
William's college on his vacation and he is a
very pleasant young maii, indeed. I am read-
ing a. continued story in Harpers Magazine.
It is called Little Dorritt, by Charles Dickens,
and is very interesting.
Friday^ May. — Miss Clark told us we could
have a picnic down to Sucker brook this after-
noon and she told us to bring our rubbers and
lunches by two o'clock ; but Granddiother was
not willing to let us go ; not that she wished to
deprive us of any pleasure for she said instead
we could wear our new black silk basks and go
with her to Preparatory lecture, so we did, but
when we got there we found that Mr Daggett
was out of town so there was no meeting.
Then she told us we could keep dressed up
and go over to Aunt Mary Carr's and take her
some apples, aiid afterwards Grandfather took
us to ride to see old Mrs Sanborn and old Mr
and Mrs Atwater. He is ninety years old and
blind and deaf, so we had quite a good time
Rev. Mr Dickey, of Rochester, agent for
the Seaman's Friend Society, preached this
morning about the poor little canal boy. His
text was from the 107th Psalm, 23rd verse,
**They that go down into the sea in ships,"
He has the queerest voice and stops off
between his words. When we got home
Anna said she would show us how he preached
and she described what he said about a sailor
in time of war. She said, " A ball came— and
struck him there — another ball came — and
struck him there — ^he raised his faithful sword—
and went on — to victory — or death. " I expected
Grandfather would reprove her, but be just
smiled a queer sort of smile and Grandmother
put her handkerchief up to her face, as she
always does when she is amused about any-
thing. I never heard her laugh out loud, but I
an VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
suppose she likes funny things as well as any-
body. She did just the same, this morning,
when Grandfather asked Anna where the sun
rose, and she said ''over by Gen. Granger^s
house and sets behind the Methodist church."
She said ' she saw it herself and should never
forget it when any one asked her which was
east or west I think she makes up more
things than any one I know of.
Sunday. — Rev. M. L. R. P* Thompson
preached to-day. He used to be the minister
of our church before Mr Daggett came. Some
people call him Rev. ** Alphabet"* Thompson,
because he has so n^any letters ia his name.
He preached a very good sermon from the
text, *' Dearly beloved, as much as lieth in you
live peaceably with all men." I like to hear
him preach, but not as well as I do Mr
Daggett. I suppose I am more used to him.
Thursday. — Edward Everett, of Boston,
lectured in our church this evenings They
had a platform built even with the tc^s of
the pews, so he did not have to go up iiito
the pulpit. Crowds and crowds came to hear
him from all over evervwiiere. Grandmother
let me go. They say ne is the most eloquent
speaker in the U.S., but I have heard Mr
Dsigg^tt when I thought he was just as good.
Sunday. ^^'Wt went to church to-day and
heUrd Rev. Mr Stowe preach. Hisi text was,
**The poor ye have with you always and
whensoever ye will ye may do them good."
I never knew any one who liked to go to
church as much as Grandmother does. She
says she *' would rather be a doorkeeper in
the house of our God, than to dwell in the
tents of wickedness." They don't have women
doorkeepers, "and I know she would not dwell
a minute in a tent. Mr Coburn is the door-
keeper in our church and he rings the bell every
day at nine in the morning and at twelve and at
nine in the evening, so Grandfather knows when
it is time to cover up the fire in the fireplace
and go to bed. I think if the President should
come to call he would have to go home at nine
o'clock. Grandfather's motto is :
'' E^ly to bed and early to rise
Makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise."
THesday. — Mrs Greig and Miss Chapin
called to see us to-day. Grandmother says
that we can return the calls as she does not
visit any more. We would like to, for we
always enjoy dressing up and making calls.
Anna and I received two black veils in a letter
to-day from Aunt Caroline Dey. Just exactly
what we had wanted for a long while. Uncle
Edward sent us five dollars and Grandmother
said we could buy just what we wanted, so we
went down street to look at black silk mantillas.
We went to Moore's store and to Richardson's
and to Collier's, but they asked ten, fifteen
or twenty dollars for them, so Anna said she
resolv.ed from now, henceforth and forever not
to speftd her money for black silk mantillas.
54 VELLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Sftnday.-^Rev. Mr Tousley preached to-day
to the cnildren and told us how many steps
it took to be bad. I think he said lying was.
first, then disobedience to parents, broking
the Sabbath, swearing, stealing, drunkenness.
I don't remember just the order they came.
It was very interesting, for he told lots of
stories and we sang a great many times. I
should think Eddy Tousley would be an awful
good boy with his father in the house with him
all the while, but probably he has to be away
part of the time preaching to other children.
Sunday. -^Vncle David Dudley Field and
his daughter, Mrs Brewer, of Stockbridge,
Mass., are visiting us. Mrs Brewer has a son,
David Josiah, who is in Yale College. After
he graduates he is going to be a lawyer and
study in his Uncle David Dudley Field's office
in New York. He was bom in Smyrna, Asia
Minor, where his father and mother were
missionaries to the Greeks, in 1837. Our
Uncle David preached for Mr Daggett this
afternoon. He is a very old man and left bis
sermon at home and I had to go back after
it. His brother, Timothy, was the first
minister in our church, about fifty years ago.
Grandmother says she came all the way from
Connecticut with him on horseback on a pillion
behind him. Rather a long ride, I should say.
I heard her and Uncle David talking about
their childhood and how they lived in Guilford,
Conn., in a house that was built upon a rock.
That was some time in the last century like
the house that it tells about in the Bible that
was built on a rock.
Sunday, August lo, 1854. — Rev. Mr
Daggett's text this morning was, " Remember
the , Sabbath day to keep it holy." Grand-
mother said she thought the sermon did not
do us much good for she had to tell us several
times this afternoon to stop laughing. Grand-
mother said we ought to be good Sundays
if we want to go to neaven, for there it is one
eternal Sabbath. Anna said she didn't want
to be an angel just yet and I don't think there
is the least danger of it, as far as I can judge.
Grandmother said there was another verse,
"If we do not have any pleasure on the
Sabbath, or think any thoughts, we shall ride
on the high places of the earth," and Anna
said she liked that better, for she would rather
ride than do anything else, so we both promised
to be good. Grandfather told us they used
to be more strict about Sunday than they
are now. Then he told us a story, how he
had to go to Geneva one Saturday morning
in the stage and expected to come back in
the evening, but there was an accident, so
the stage did not come till Sunday morning.
Church had begun and he told the stage driver
to leave him right there, so he went in late
and the stage drove on. The next day he
heard that he was to come before the minister,
Rev. Mr Johns, and the deacons and explain
why he had broken the fourth commandment.
When he got into the meeting Mr Johns asked
S6 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
him what he had to say, and he Explained
about the accident and asked them to read
a verse from the 8th chapter of John, before
they made up their minds what to do to him.
The verse was, ' ' Let him that is without sin
among you cast the first stone.*' Grandfather
said they all smiled, and the minister said
the meeting was out. Grandfather says that
shows it is better to know plenty of Bible
verses, for some time they may do you a
great deal of good. We then recited the
catechism and went to bed.
August 21. — Anna says that Alice Jewett
feels very proud because she has a little baby
brother. They have named him John Harvey
Jewett after his father, and Alice savs when
he is bigger she will let Anna help her take
him out to ride in his baby carriage. I suppose
they will throw away their dolls now.
Tuesday^ September i. — I am sewing a sheet
over and over for Grandmother and she puts
a pin in to show me my stint, before I can
go out to play. I am always glad when I
;et to it. I am making a sampler, too, and
lave all the capital letters worked and now
will make the small ones. It is done in cross
stitch on canvas with different colour silks. I
am going to work my name, too. I am also
knitting a tippet on some wooden needles that
Henry Carr made for me. Grandmother has
ravelled it f out seversil times because I dropped
stitches. It is rather tedious, but she says,
*' If M first you don't succeed, try, try aigain."
Some military soldiers went by the bouse to-
day and played some beautiful music. Grand*
father has a teter and swing for us in the
back yard and we enjoy them usually, but
to-night Anna slid off the teter board when
she was on the ground and I was in the air
and I came dowp sooner than I expected.
There was a hand organ and monkey going
by and she was in a hurry to get to the street
to see it. She got there a good while before
I did. The other day we were swinging
and Grandmother called us in to dinner, but
Anna said we could not go until we 'Met the.
old cat die." Grandmother said it was more
important that we should come when we are
October. — Grandmother told us a story to-
day, how when she was a litde girl, down
in Connecticut, in 1794, she was on her way
. to school one morning and she saw an Indian
coming and was so afraid, but did not dare
run for fear he would chase her. So she
thought of the word sago, which means " good-
morning," and when she got up close to him
she dropped a curtesy and said "Sago," and
he just went right along and never touched
her at all She says she hopes we will always
fa^ polite to every one, even tp strangers.
November. — Abbie Clark's father has been
elected Governor and she is going to Albany
to live, for a while. We all congratulated
58 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
her when she came to school this morning,
but I am sorry she is going away. We will
write to each other every week. She wrote
a prophecy and told the girls what they were
going to be and said I should be mistress
of the White House. I think it will happen,
about the same time that Anna goes to be
Decemier.-^There was a moonlight sleigh-
ride of boys and girls last night, but Grand-
father did not want us to go, but to-night he
said he was going to take us to one himself.
So after supper he told Mr Piser to harness
the horse to the cutter and bring it around to
the front gate. Mr Piser takes care of our
horse and the Methodist Church. He lives in
the basement. Grandfather sometimes calls
him Shakespeare to us, but I don't know why.
He doesn't look a,s though he wrote poetry.
Grandfather said he was going to take us out
to Mr Waterman Powers' in Farqiington and
he did. They were quite surprised to see us,
but very glad and gave us apples and dough-
nuts and other good things. We saw Anne
and Imogene and Morey and one little girl
named Zinimie. They wanted us to stay all
night, but Grandmother was expecting us.
We got home safe about ten o'clock and had
a very nice time. We never sat up so late
Sunday, January 29. — Mr Daggett preached
this morning from the text, Deut. 8:2: "And
thou shalt remember all die way which the
Lord thy God led thee.'' It is ten years to-day
since Mr Daggett came to our church, and he
told how many deaths there had been, and
how many baptisms, and how many members
had been added to the church. It was a very
interesting sermon, and everybody hoped Mr
Daggett would stay here ten years more, or
twenty, or thirty, or always. He is the only
minister that I ever had, and I don't ever want
any other. We never could have stny one with
such a voice as Mr Daggett's, or such beautiful
eyes. Then he has such good sermons, and
always selects the hymns we like best, and reads
them in such a way. This morning they sang :
•* Thus far the Lord has led me on, thus far
His power prolongs my days." After he has
been away on a vacation he always has for the
first hymn, and we always turn to it before he
gives it out:
''Upward I lift mine eyes,
From God is all my kid ;
The God that built the skies,
And earth and nature made.
flO VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
" God is the tower
To which I fly
His grace is nigh
In every hour."
He always prays for the oil of joy for
mourning and tne garment of praise for the
spirit of heaviness.
January y 1855. — Johnnie Lyon is dead.
Georgia Wilkinson cried awfully in school
because she said she was engaged to him.
■April. — Grandmother received a letter from
Connecticut to-day telling of the death of her
only sister. She was knitting before she got
it and she laid it down a few moments and
looked quite sad and said, '' So sister Anna is
dead." Then after a little she went on with
her work. Anna watched her and when we
were alone she said to me, "Caroline, some
day when you are about ninety you may be
eating an apple or reading or doing something
and you will get a letter telling of my dece2l$e
and after you have read it you will go on as
usual and just say, * So sister Anna is dead.' "
I told her that I knew if I lived to be a hundred
^nd beard that she was dead I should cry my
eyes out, if I had any.
Sunday. — There was a stranger preached for
Dr Daggett this morning and his text was,
" Man looketh upon the outward appearance
but the Lord looketh on the heart. When
we got home Anna said the minister looked
as though he had been sick from birth and his
forehead stretched from his nose to the back
of his neck, he was so bald. Grandmother
told her she ought to have been more
interested in his words than in his looks, and
that she must have very good eyes if she could
see all that from our pew, which is the furthest
from the pulpit of any in church, except Mr
Gibson s, which is just the same. Anna said
3he couldn't help seeing it unless she shut her
eyes, and then every one would think she had
gone to sleep. We can see the Academy boys
from our pew, too.
Mr Lathrop, of the seminary, is superin-
tendent of the Sunday School now and he had
a present to-day from Miss Betsey Chapin, and
several visitors came i,n to see it presented : Dr
Daggett, Mr and Mrs Alex. Howell, Mr
Tousley, Mr Stowe, Mr and Mrs Gideon
Granger and several others. The present was
a certificate of life membership to something ;
I did not hear what. It was just a large piece
of parchment, but they said it cost $25. Miss
Lizzie Bull is my Sunday School teacher now.
She asked us last Sunday to look up a place in
the Bible where the trees held a consultation
tbgether, to, see which. one should reign over
.them. I did not remember any such thing,
but I looked it up in the concordance and
found it in Judges 9:8. I found the meaning
of it in Scott's commentary and wrote it
down and she was very much pleased, and
told us next Sunday to find out all about
6S VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
S^tember i. — Anna and I go to the seminary
now. Mr Richards and Mr Tyler are the
principals. Anna fell down and sprained her
ankle to-day at the seminary, and had to be
carried into Mrs Richards' library. She was.
sliding down the bannisters with little Annie
Richards. I wonder what she will do next.
She has good luck in the gymnasium and
can beat Emma Wheeler and Jennie Ruckle
swinging on the pole and climbing the rope
ladder, although they and Sarah Antes are
aboyt as spry as squirrels and they are all
good at ten pins. Susie Daggett and Lucilla
Field have gone to Farmington, Conn., to
Monday. — I received a letter from my
brother John in New Orleans, and his ambro-
type. He has grown amazingly. He also sent
me a N. O. paper and it gave an account of
the public exercises in the school, and said
John spoke a piece called **The Baron's Last
Banquet," and had great applause and it said
he was "a chip off the old block." He is a
very nice boy, I know that. James is sixteen
years old now and is in Princeton College.
He is studying German and says he thinks
he will go to Germany some day and finish
his education, but I guess in that respect he
will be very much disappointed. Germany is
a great ways off and none of our relations
that I ever heard of have ever been there
and it is not at all likely that any of them
ever will. Grandfather says, though, it is
better to aim too high than not high enough.
James is a great boy to study. They had
their pictures taken together once and John
was holding some flowers and James a book
and I guess he has held on to it ever since.
Sunday. — Polly Peck looked so funny on
the front seat of the gallery. She had on
one of Mrs Greig's bonnets and her lace collar
and cape and mitts. She used to be a milliner
so she knows how to get herself up in style.
The ministers have appointed a day of fasting
and prayer and Anna asked Grandmother if
it meant to eat as fast as you can. Grand-
mother was very much surprised.
November 25. — I helped Grandmother get
ready for Thanksgfiving Day by stoning some
raisins and pounding some cloves and cinnamon
in the mortar pestle pounder. It is quite a
job. I have been writing with a quill pen
but I don't like it because it squeaks so.
Grandfather made us some to-day and also
bought us some wafers to seal our letters
with, and some sealing wax and a stamp with
'*R" on it. He always uses the seal on his.
watch fob with '* B." He got some sand, too.
Our inkstand is double and has one bottle for
ink and the other for sand to dry the writing.
December 20, 1855. — Susan B. Anthony is
in town and spoke in Bemis Hall this after-
noon. She made a special request that all
the seminary girls should come to hear her
64 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
as well as all the women and girls in town.
She had a large audience and she talked
very plainly about our rights and how we
ought to stand up for them, and said the
world would never go right until the women
had just as much right to vote' and rule as
the men. She asked us all to come Up and
sign our names Who would promise to do
all in our power to bring about that glad
day when equal rights should be the law of
the land. A whole lot of us went up and
signed the paper. Wheh I told Grandmother
about it she said she guessed Susan B.
Anthony had foVgotten that St Paul said
the women should keep silence. I told her,
no, she didn't for she spoke particularly about
St Paul and said if he had lived iri these
times, instead of 1800 years ago, he would
have been as anxious to have the women at
the hejsid of the government as she was. I
could. not make Urandmother agree with her
at all and she said we might better all of us
stayed at home. We went to prayer meeting
this evening and a woman got up and talked.
Her name was Mrs Sands. We hurried borne
and told Grandmother and she said she probably
meant all right and she hoped we did not laugh.
Monday. -^l told Grandfather if he would
bring me some ^sheets of foolscap p^per I
would begin to write a book. So he put a
pin on his sleeve to remind him of it and
to-night he brought me a whole lot of it.
I shall begin it to-morrow.
Tuesday.— I decided to copy a lot of choice
stories and have them printed and say they
were " compiled by Caroline Cowles Richards/*^
it. is so much easier than making them iip. I
spent three hours to-day copying one and am
so tired I think I shall give it up. When I
told Grandmother she looked disappointed and
said my ambition was like '' the morning cloud
and the early dew," for it soon vanished away.
Anna said it might spring up again and
bear fruit a hundredfold. Grandfather wants
us to amount to something and he buys us
good books whenever he has a chance. He
bought me Miss Caroline Chesebro's book,
" The Children of Light," and Alice and
Phoebe Car/s Poems. He is always reading
Channing's memoirs and sermons and Grand-
mother keeps " Lady Huntington and Her
Friends " next to *' Jay's Morning and Evening
Exercises" and her Testament. Anna told
Grandmother that she saw Mrs George Willson
looking very steadily at us in prayer meeting
the other night and she thought she might be
planning to " write us up.*' Grandmother said
she did not think Mrs Willson was so short
of material as that would imply, and she feared
she had some other reason for looking at us.
I think dear Grandmother has a little grain of
sarcasm in her nature, but she only uses it on
extra occasions. Anna said, ''Oh, no ; she wrote
the lives of the three Mrs Judson and I thought
she might like for a change to write the bio-
graphies of the ^two Miss Richards.'" Anna
has what might be called a vivid imagination.
January 23.-^This is the third morning that
I have come down stairs at exactly twenty
minutes to seven. 1 went to school all day.
Mary Paul and Fannie Palmer read ''The
Snow Bird'' to-day. There were some funny
things in it One was : " Why is a lady's hair
like the latest news ? Because in the morniqg
we always find it in the papers." Another
was : " One rod makes an acher, as the boy
said when the schoolmaster flogged him."
This is Allie Fields birthday. He got a
pair of slippers from Mary with the soles all
on ; a pair of mittens from Miss Eliza Chapin,
and Miss Rebecca Gorham is going to give
him a pair of stockings when she gets them
February 6. — We were awakened very early
this morning by the cry of fire and the ring-
ing of bells and could see the sky red with
flames and knew it was the stores and we
thought they were all burning up. Pretty
soon we heard our big brass door knocker
being pounded fast and Grandfather said»
••Who's there?" ••Melville Arnold for the
bank keys," we heard. Grandfather handed
them out and dressed as fast as he could and
went down, while Anna and I just lay there
and watched the flames and shook. He was
gone two or three hours and when he came
back he said that Mr Palmers hat store, Mr
Underhills book store, Mr Shafer s tailor shop,
Mrs Smith's millinery, Pratt & Smiths drug
store, Mr Mitchell's dry goods store, two print-
ing offices and a saloon were burned; It was
a very handsome block. The bank escaped
fire, but the wall of the next building ^ fell
on it and crushed it. After school to-night
Grandmother let us go down and see how
the fire looked. It looked very sad indeed.
Judge Taylor ofiered Grandfather one of the
wings of his house for the bank for the present
but he has secured a place in Mr Buhre s store
in the Franklin Block.
Thursday, February 7. — Di* and Aunt Mary
Carr and Uncle Field and Aunt Ann were
over at our house to dinner to-day and we had
a fine fish dinner, not one of Gabriel's (the
man who blows such a blast through the street,
they call him Gabriel), but one that Mr Francis
Granger sent to us. It was elegant. Such
a large one it covered a big platter. This
evening General Granger came in and brought
a gentleman with him whose name was Mr
Skinner. They asked Grandfather, as one
of the trustees of the church, if he had any
objection to a deaf and dumb exhibition there
to-morrow night. He had no objection, so
they will have it and we will go.
68 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Friday. — We went and liked it very much.
The man with them could talk and he in-
terpreted it There were two deaf and dumb
women and three children. They performed
very prettily, but the smartest boy did the
most He acted out David killing Goliath
and the story of the boy stealing apples and
how the old man tried to get him down by
throwing grass at him, but finding that would
not do, he threw stones which brought the
boy down pretty quick. Then he acted a
boy going fishing and a man being shaved in
a barber shop and several other things. 1
laughed out loud in school to-day and made
some pictures on my slate and showed them
to Clara Willson and made her laugh, and then
we both had to stay after school. Anna was
at Aunt Ann's to supper to-night to meet a
little girl named Helen Bristol, of Rochester.
Ritie Tyler was there, too, and they had a
February 8. — I have not written in my
journal for several days, because I never like
to write things down if they don't go right.
Anna and I were invited to go on a sleigh-
ride, Tuesday night, and Grandfather said he
did not want us to go. We asked him if
we could spend the evening with Frankie
Richardson and he said yes, so we went down
there and when the load stopped for her, we
went too, but we did not enjoy ourselves at
all and did not join in the singing. I had
no idea that sleigh-rides could make any one
1806 . 69
feel so bad. It was not very cold, but I just
shivered all the time. When the nine o'clock bell
rang we were up by the ** Northern Retreat,"
and 1 was so glad when we got near home
so we could get out. Grandfather and Grand-
mother asked us if we had a nice time, but
we got to bed as quick as we could. The next
day Grandfather ,went into Mr Richardson's
store and told him he was glad he did not
let Frankie go on the sleign-ride, and Mr
Richardson said he did let her go and we
went too. We knew how it was, when we
got home from school, because they acted
so sober, and, after a while. Grandmother
talked with us about it. We told her we
were sorry and we did not have a bit good
time and would never do it again. When
she prayed with us the next morning, as she
always does before we go to school, she said,
*' Prepare us, Lord, for what thou art preparing
for us," and it seemed as though she was
discouraged, but she said she forgave us. I
know one thing, we will never run away to
arty more sleigh-rides.
Febrtuiry 20. — Mr Worden, Mrs Henry
Chesebro's father, was buried to-day, and Aunt
Ann let Allie stay with us while she went to
the funeral. I am going to Fannie Gaylord's
party to-morrow night
February 21.— -We had a very nice time at
Fannie Gaylord's party and a splendid supper.
Lupilla Field laughed herself almost to pieces
70 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
when she found on going home that she had
worn her leggins all the evening. We had a
pleasant walk home but did not stay till it was
Out. Some one asked me if I danced every set
and I told them no, I set every dance. I told
Grandmother and she was very much pleased.
Some one told us that Grandfather and Grand-
mother first met at a ball in the early settlement
of Canandaig^a. I asked her if it was so and
she said she never had danced since she became
a professing Christian and that was more than
fifty years ago.
Grandfather heard to-day of the death of his
sister, Lydia, who was Mrs Lyman Beecher.
She was Rev. Dr Lyman Beecher's third wife.
Grandmother says that they visited her once
and she was quite nervous thinking about
having such a great man as Dr Lyman Beecher
for her guest, as he was considered one of the
greatest men of his day, but she said she soon
got over this feeling, for he was so genial and
pleasant and she noticed particularly how he
ran up and down stairs like a boy. I thihk
thiat is very apt to be the way for " men are
only boys grown tall."
There was a Know Nothing convention in
town to-day. They don't want any one but
Americans to hold office, but I guess they will
find that foreigners will get in. Our hired
man is an Irishman and I think he would just
as soon be '* Prisidint " as not. .
February 22. — This' is such a beautiful day,
the girls, wanted a holiday, but Mr Richards
would not grant it We told him it was
Washington's birthday and we felt very patriotic,
but he was inexorable. We had a musical
review and literary exercises instead in the
afternoon and I put on my blue merino dress
and my other shoes. Anna dressed up, too,
and I curled her hair. The Primary scholars
sit upstairs this term and do not have to pay
any more. Anna and Emma Wheeler like it
very much, but they do not sit together. We
are seated alphabetically, and I sit with Mary
Reznor and Anna with Mittie Smith. They
thought she would behave better, I suppose, if
they put her with one of the older girls, but I
do not know as it will have the " desired effect,"
as Grandmother says. Miss Mary Howell
and Miss Carrie Hart and Miss Lizzie and
Miss MoUie Bull were visitors this afternoon.
Gertrude Monier played and sang. Mrs
Anderson is the singing teacher. Marion
Maddox and Pussie Harris and Mary Daniels
played on the piano. Mr Hardick is the teacher,
and he played too. You would ' think he was
trying to pound the piano all to pieces but he
is a good player. We have two papers kept
up at school. The Snow Bird and The Waif—
one for the younger and the other for the older
girls. Miss Jones, the composition teacher,
corrects them both. Kate Buell and Anna
Maria Chapin read The ^f^^ to-day and Gusta
Buell and I rjcad The Snow Bird. She has
beautiful curls and has two nice brothers also^
Albert and ArtJiur, and the g^rls all like them.
They have not lived in towii very long.
72 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
February 25. — I guess I won't fill up my
journal any more by saying I arose this
morning at the usual time, for I don't think it
is a matter of life or death whether I get up
at the usual time or a few minutes later and
when I am older and read over the account of
the manner in which I occupied my time in my
younger days I don't think it will add particu-
larly to the interest to know whether I used to
get up at 7 or at a quarter before. I think
Miss Sprague, our schoolroom teacher, would
have been glad if none of us had got up at all
this morning for we acted so in school. She
does not want any noise during the three
minute recess, but there has been a good deal
all day. In singing class they disturbed Mr
Kimball by blowing through combs. We took
off our round combs and put paper over them
and then blew — Mary Wheeler and Lottie
Lapham and Anna sat nearest me and we all
tried to do it, but Lottie was the only one who
could make it go. He thought we all did, so
he made us come up and sit by him. I did
not want to a bit. He told Miss Sprague of
us and she told the whole school if there was
as much noise another day she would keep
every one of us an hour after half-past 4.
As soon as she said this they all began to
groan. She said "Silence." I only made
the least speck of a noise that no one heard.
February 26, — To-night, after singing class,
Mr Richards asked all who Uew urough
combs to rise. I did not, because I could not
make it go, but when he said all who groaned
could rise, I did, and some others, but not half
who did it. He kept us very late and we all
had to sign an apology to Miss Sprague.
Grandfather made me a present of a beautiful
blue stone to-day called Malachite. Anna said
she always thought Malachite was one of the
March 3, 1856, — Elizabeth Spencer sits
with me in school now. She is full of fun but
always manages to look very sober when Miss
Chesebro looks up to see who is making the
noise over our way. I never seem to have that
knack. Anna had to stay after school last
night and she wrote in her journal that the
reason was because "nature will out" and
because **she whispered and didn't have her
lessons, etc., etc., etc." Mr Richards has
allowed us to bring our sewing to school but
now he says we cannot any more. I am sorry
for I have some embroidery and I could get
one pantalette done in a week, but now it will
take me longer. Grandmother has offered me
one dollar if I will stitch a linen shirt bosom
and wrist bands for Grandfather and make the
sleeves. I have commenced but. Oh, my! it
is an undertaking. I have to pull the threads
out and then take up two threads and leave
three. It is very particular work and Anna
says the stitches must not be visible to the
naked eye. I have to fell the sleeves with the
tiniest seams and stroke all the gathers and
put a stitch on each gather. Minnie Bellows
74 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
is the best one in school with her needle and is
a dabster at patching. She cut a piece right
out of her new.calico dress and matched a new
piece in and none of us could tell where it was.
I am sure it would not be safe for me to try
that. Grandmother let me ask three of the
girls to dinner Saturday, Abbie Clark, Mary
Wheeler and Mary Field. We had a big roast
turkey and everything else to match. Good
enough for Queen Victoria. That reminds me
of a conundrum we had in The Snow Bird:
What does Queen Victoria take her pills in ?
In cider. (Inside her.)
March lo. — My teacher Miss Sprague kept
me after school to-night for whispering, and
after all the others were gone she came to
my seat and put her arm around me and
kissed me and said she loved me very much
and hoped I would not whisper in school any
more. This made me feel very sorry and I
told her I would try my best, but it seemed
as though it whispered itself sometimes. I
think she is just as nice as she can be and
I shall tell the other girls so. Her home is
in Glens Falls.
Anna jumped the rope two hundred times
to-day without stopping, and I told her that
I read of a girl who did that and then fell
right down stone dead. I don't believe Anna
will do it again;. If she does I shall tell
April ^.-^l walked down town with Grand-
father this morniilg and it is such a beautiful
day I felt glad that I was alive. The air was
full of tiny little flies, buzzing around and
going in circles and semi-circles as though
they were practising calisthenics or dancing a
quadrille. I think they were glad they were
alive, too. I stepped on a big bug crawling
on the walk and Grandfather said I ought to
have brushed it aside instead of killing it. I
asked him why and he said, "Shakespeare
says, * The beetle that we tread upon feels a
pang as great as when a giant dies.'"
A man came to our door the other day and
asked if *' Deacon " Beals was at home. I
asked Grandmother afterwards if Grandfather
was a Deacon and she said no and never had
been, that people gave him the name when he
was a young man because he was so staid and
sober in his appearance. Some om told me
ohce that I would not know my Grandfather
if I should meet him outside the Corporation.
I asked why and he said because he was so
genial and told such good stories. I told him
mat was just the way he always is at home.
I do not know any one who appreciates real
wit more than he does. He is quite sti'ong
in his likes and dislikes, however. I have
heard him say,
" I do not like you, Dr FeU,
The reason why, I caimot tell ;
But this one thing I know full well,
I do not like you, Dr Fell."
Bessie Seymour wore a beautiful gold chain
76 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
to school this morning and I told Grandmother
that I wanted one just like it. She sg^id that
outward adornments were not of as much value
as inward graces and the ornament of a meek
and quiet spirit, in the sight of the Lord, was
of great price. I know it is very becoming to
Grandmother and she wears it all the time but
I wish I had a gold chain just the same.
Grandfather noticed how bright and smart
Bentley Murray was, on the street, and what
a business way he had, so he applied for a
place for him as page in the Legislature at
Albany and got it. He is always noticing
young people and says, " As the twig is bent,
the tree is inclined." He says we may be
teachers yet if we are studious now. Anna
says, "Excuse me, please."
Grandmother knows the Bible from Genesis
to Revelation excepting the '* begats " and the
hard names, but Anna told her a new verse
this morning, " At Parbar westward, four at
the causeway and two at Parbar." Grand-
mother put her spectacles up on her forehead
^ind just looked at Anna as though she had
been talking in Chinese. She finally said,
"Anna, I do not think that is in the Bible."
She said, " Yes, it is ; I found it in i Chron.
26 : 18." Grandmother found it and then she
said Anna had better spend her time look-
ing up more helpful texts. Anna then asked
her if she knew who was the shortest man
mentioned in the Bible and Grandmother said
" Zaccheus." Anna sslid that she just read in
the newspaper, that one, said "Nehimiah was"
and another said '' Bildad the Shuhite'* and
another said •* Tohi." Grandmother said it
was very wicked to pervert the Scripture so,
and she did not approve of it at all. I don't
think Anna will give Grandmother any more
April 12. — We went down town this
morning and bought us some shaker bonnets
to wear to school. They cost $i apiece and
we got some green silk for capes to put on
them. We fixed them ourselves and wore
them to school and some of the girls liked
them and some did not, but it makes no
difference to me what they like, for I shall
wear mine till it is worn out. Grandmother
says that if we try to please everybody we
please nobody. The girls are all having
mystic books at school now and they are very
interesting to have. They are blank books
and we ask the girls and boys to write in them
and then they fold the page twice over and
seal it with wafers or wax and then write on
it what day it is to be opened. Some of them
say, ** Not to be opened for a year," and that
is a long time to wait. If we cannot wait we
can open them and seal them up again. I
think Anna did look to see what Eugene
Stone ' wrote in hers, for it does not look as
smooth as it did at first. We have autograph
albums too and Horace Finley gave us lots of
small photographs. We paste them in the
books and then ask the people to write their
names. We have got Miss Upham's pi(;:ture
78 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
and Dr and Mrs Daggett, General Granger's
and Hon. Francis Granger's and Mrs Adele
Granger Thayer and Friend Burling, Dt
Jewett, Dr Cheney, Deacon Andrews and Dr
Carr, and Johnnie Thompsons, Mr Noah T.
Clarke, Mr E. M. Morse, Mrs George Willson,
Theodore Barnum, Jim Paton's and Will Schley,
Merritt Wilcox, Tom Raines, Ed Williams,
Gus Coleman's, W. P. Fisk and lots of the
girls' pictures besides. Eugene Stone and Tom
Eddy had their ambrotypes taken together, in
a handsome case and g^ave it to Anna. We
are going to keep them always.
April. — The Siamese twins are in town- and
a lot of the girls went to see them in Bemis
Hall this afternoon. It costs lo cents. Grand-
mother let us go. Their names are Eng
and Chang and they are not very handsome.
They are two men joined together. I hope
they like each other but I don't envy them any
way. If one wanted to go somewhere and
the other one didn't I don't see how they
would manage it. One would have to give
up, that's certain. Perhaps they are b6th
April 30. — Rev. Henry M. Field, editor of
the New York Evangelist^ and his little
French wife are here visiting. She is a
wonderful woman. She has written a book
and paints beautiful pictures and was teacher
of art in Cooper Institute, New York. He, is
Grandmother's nephew and he brought her a
picture of himself and his five brothers, taken
for Grandmother, because she is the only aunt
they have in the world, The rest are all
dead. The men in the picture are Jonathan
and Matthew and David Dudley and Stephen
J. and Cyrus W. and Henry M. They are
all very nice looking and Grandmother thinks
a great deal of the picture.
May 15. — Miss Anna Gaylord is one of my
teachers at the seminary and when I told her
that I wrote a journal every day she wanted
me to bring her my last book and let her
read it. I did so and she said she enjoyed
it very much and she hoped I would keep
them for they would be interesting for me to
read when I am old. I think I shall do so.
She has a very particular friend, Rev. Mr
Beaumont, who is one of the teachers at the
Academy. I think they are going to be
married some day. I guess I will show her
this page of my journal, too. Grandmother
let me make a pie in a saucer to-day and it
was very good.
May. — We were invited to Bessie Seympur's
party last night and Grandmother said we
could go. The girls all told us at school
that they were going to wear low neck and
short sleeves. We have caps on the sleeves
of our best dresses and we tried to get the
sleeves out, so we could go bare arms, but
we couldn't get them out. We had a very
nice time, though, at the party. Some of the
80 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Academy boys were there and they asked us
to dance but of course we couldn't do that.
We promenaded around the rooms and went
out to supper with them. Eugene Stone and
Tom Eddy asked to go home with us but
Grandmother sent our two girls for us, Bridget
Flynn and Hannah White, so they couldn't
We were quite disappointed, but perhaps she
won't send for us next time.
May. — Grandmother is teaching me how to
knit some mittens now, but if I ever finish
them it will be through much tribulation, the
way they have to be ravelled out and com-
menced over again. I , think I shall know
how to knit when I get through, if I never
know how to do anything else. Perhaps I
shall. know how to write, too, for I write all
of Grandmother's letters for her, because it
tires her to write too much. I have sorted
my letters to-day and tied them in packages
and found I had between 500 and 600. I
have had about two letters a week for the past
five years and have kept them all. Fs^ther
almost always tells me in his letters to read
my Bible and say my prayers and obey Grand-
mother and stand up straight and. turn out
my toes and brush my teeth and be good to
my little sister. I have been practising all
these so long I can say, as the young man
did in the Bible when Jesus told him what
to do to be saved, "all these have I kept
from my youth up." But then, I lack quite
a nuniber of things after all. I am not always
strictly obedient For instance, I know Grand*
mother never likes to have us read the secular
part of the New York Observer on Sunday,
so she puts it in the top drawer of the side*
board until Monday, but I couldn't find any-
thing interesting to read the other Sunday
so I took it out and read it and put it back.
The jokes and stories in it did not seem as
amusing as usual so I think I will not do it
Grandfather's favourite paper is the Boston
Christian Register. He could not have one
of them torn Up any more than a leaf df the
Bible. He has barrels of them stored away
in the garret.
I asked Grandmother to-day to write a
verse for me to keep always and she wrote
a good one: "To be happy and live long
the three grand essentials are : Be busy, love
somebody and have high aims." I think, from
^ I have noticed about her, that she has had
this for her motto all her life and I don't think
Anna and I can do very much better than to
try and follow it too. Grandfather tells us
sometimes, when she is not in the room, that
the best thing we can do is to be just as near
like Grandmother as we can possibly be.
Saturday^ May 30. — Louisa Field came over
to dinner to-day and brought Allie with her.
We had roast chickens for dinner and lots of
other nice things. Grandmother taught us
how to string liUc blossoms for necklaces and
also how to make curls of dandelion stems.
82 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
She always has some things in the parlour
cupboard which she brings .out on extra
occasions, so she got them out to-day. They *
are some Chinamen which Uncle Thomas
brought home when he sailed around the
world. They are wooden images standing in
boxes, packing tea with their feet.
Last week Jennie Howell invited us to go
up to Black Point Cabin with her and to-day
with a lot of grown-up people we went and
enjoyed it. There was a little coloured girl
there who waits oit the table and can row
the boats too. She is Polly Carroll's grand-
daughter, Mary Jane. She sang for us,
** Nellie Bly shuts her eye when she goes to sleep,
When she opens them again her eyes begin to peep ;
Hi Nellie, Ho Nellie, listen love to me,
I'll sing for you, I'll play for you,
A dulcet melody."
She is just as cute as she can be. She
said Mrs Henry Chesebro taught her to read.
Sunday, June i. — Rev. Dr Shaw, of
Rochester, preached for Dr Daggett to-day
and his text was : " Whosoever drinketh of
this water shall thirst again, but whosoever
drinketh of the water that I shall give him
shall never thirst." He said by this water
he meant the pleasures of this life, wealth and
fame and honour, of which the more we have
the more we want and are never satisfied,
but if we drink of the water that Christ can
eive us we will have happiness here and
forever; It was a very good sermon and I iQve
to hear him preach. Grandmother never likes
to start for church until after all the Seminary
girls and Academy boys have gone by, but
this morning we got to the gate just as the
boys came along. When Grandmother saw
five or six hats come off and knew they were
bowing to us, she asked us how we got
acquainted with them. We told her that
almost all the girls knew the Academy boys
and I am sure that is true.
Tuesday^ June 8. — We are cleaning house
now and Grandmother asked Anna and me to
take out a few tacks in the dining-room carpet.
We did not like it so very well but we liked
eating dinner in the parlor, as the table had
to be set in there. Anna told us that when
she got married we could come to visit her
any time in the year as she was never going
to clean house. We went down street on an
errand to-night and hurried right back, as
Grandmother said she should look at the
clock and see how long we were gone. Emma
Wheeler went with us. Anna says she and
Emma are as ''thick as hasty pudding."
Juite. — ^Rev. Frederick Starr, of Penn Yan„
had an exhibition in Bemis Hall to-day of a
tabernacle just like the children of Israel carried
with them to the Promised Land. We went
to see it. He made it himself and said he
took all the directions from the. Bible and knew
where to put the curtains and the poles and
everything. It was inter^ting but we thought
M VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
it would be queer not to have any church to go
to but one like that» that you could take down
and put up aiid carry around with you wherever
June. — Rev. Mr Kendall is not going to
preach in East Bloomfield any more. The
paper says he is going to New York to live
and be Secretary of the A.B:C.F.M. I asked
Grandmother what that meant, and she said
he would have to write down what the mission-
aries 4o. I guess that will keep him busy.
Grandfather s nephew, a Mr Adams of Boston
and his wife, visited us about two weeks ago.
He is the head of the firm Adams' Express Co.
Anna asked them if they ever heard the conun-
drum **What was Eve made for?" and they
said no, so she told them the answer, " for
Adam's express company." They thought it
was quite good. When they reached home,
they sent us each a reticule, with scissors,
thimble, stiletto, needle-case and tiny pen-
knife and some stamped embroidery. They
must be very rich.
Saturday Night, July, — Grandfather was
asking us to-night how many things we could
remember, and I told him I could remember
when Zachiau-y Taylor died, and our church
was draped in black, and Mr Daggett preached
a funeral sermon about him, and I could
remember when Daniel Webster died, and
there was service held in the church and his
last words, '* I still live," were put Up over the
pulpit. He said he could remember when
George Washington died and when Benjamin
Franklin died. He was seven years old then
and he was seventeen when Washington died.
Of course his memory goes farther back
than mine, but he said I did very well,
July. — I have not written in my journal for
several days because we have been out of town.
Grandfather had to go to Victor on business
and took Anna and me with him. Anna says
she loves to ride on the cars as it is fun to
watch the trees and fences run so. We took
dinner at Dr Balls and came home on the
evening train. Then Judge Ellsworth came
over from Penn Yan to see Grandfather on
business and asked if he could take us home
with him and he said yes, so we went and had
a splendid time and stayed two days. Stewart
was at home and took us all around driving and
took us to the graveyard to see our mother s
grave. I copied this verse from the grave-
" Of gentle seeming was her form
And the soft beaming of her radiant eye
Was sunlight to the beauty of her face.
Peace, sacred peace, wa$ written on her brow
And flowed in the low music of her voice
Which came unto the listener like the tones of soothing
Her hands were full of consolations which she scattered
^ free to all-^the poor, the sick, the sorrowful"
I think she must have been exactly like
86 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Grandmother only she was 32 and Grand-
mother is 72,
Stewart went to prayer meeting because it
was Wednesday night, and when he came
home his mother asked him if he took part
in the meeting. He said he did and she asked
him what he said. He said he told the story
of Ethan Allen, the infidel, who was dying,
and his daughter asked him whose religion
she should live by, his or her mother's, and he
said, ** Your mother's, my daughter, your
mother's." This pleased Mrs Ellsworth very
much. Stewart is a great boy and you never
can tell whether he is in earnest or not. It
was very warm while we were gone and when
we got home Anna told Grandmother she was
going to put on her barege dress and take a
rocking-chair and a glass of ice water and a
palm leaf fan and go down cellar and sit, but
Grandmother told her if she would just sit still
and take a book and get her mind on something
else besides the weather, she would be cool
enough. Grandmother always looks as cool
as a cucumber even when the thermometer is
90 in the shade.
Sunday, August. — Rev. Anson D. Eddy
preached this morning. His text was from
the sixth chapter of John, 44th verse. "No
man can come to me, except the Father which
hath sent me, draw him." He is Tom Eddy's
father, and very good-looking and smart too.
He used to be one of the ministers of our
church before Mr Daggett came. He wrote
a book in our Sunday School library, about
Old Black Jacob, and Grandmother loves to
read it. We had a nice dinner to-day, green
peas, lemonade and gooseberry pie. We had
cold roast lamb too, because Grandmother
never has any meat cooked on Sunday.
Sunday. — Mr Noah T. Clarke is super-
intendipnt of our Sunday School now, and this
morning he asked, "What is prayer?" No
once answered, so I stood up and gave the
definition from the catechism. He seemed
pleased and so was Grandmother when I told
her. Anna said she supposes she was glad
that **lier labor was not in vain in the Lord."
I think she is trying to see if she can say Bible
verses, like grown-up people do.
Grandfather said that I did better than the
little Voy he read about who, when a visitor
asked the Sunday School children what was
the ostensible object of Sabbath School instruc-
tion, waited till the question was repeated three
times and then stood up and said, "Yes, sir."
^Wednesday. — We could not go to pra^yer
meeting to-night because it rained, so Grand*
mother said we could go into the kitchen and
stand by the window and hear the Methodists.
We could hear every word that old Father
Thompson said, and every hymn they sung,
but Mr Jervis used such big words we could
not understand hini at all.
Sunday. — Grandmother says she loves to
88 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
look at the beautiful white heads of Mr Francis
Granger and General Granger as they sit in
their pews in church. She says that is what it
means in the twelfth chapter of Ecclesiastes
where it says, "And the almond tree shall
flourish." I don't know exactly why it means
them, but I suppose she does. We haye got
a beautiful almond tree in our front yard
covered with flowers, but the blossoms are
pink. Probably they had white oAes in
Jerusalem, where Solomon lived.
Monday. — Mr Alex. Jeffrey has conle from
Lexington, Ky., and brought Mrs Ross and
his three daughters, Julia, Shaddie and Bessie
Jeffrey. Mrs Ross knows Grandmother and
came to call and brought the girls. They ,are
very pretty and General Granger's ^and-
daughters; I think they are going to stay
Thanksgiving Day. — We all went to church
and Dr Daggett's text was : " He hath not
dealt so with any nation." Aunt Glorianpa
and her children were here and Uncle Field
and all their family and Dr Carr and all his
family. There were about sixteen of us in all
and we children had a table in the corner all
by ourselves. We had roast turkey and every-
thing else we could think of. After dinner
we went into the parlor and Aunt Glorianna
played on the piano and sang, '' Flow eently,
sweet Afton, among thy green braes, ' and
" Poor Bessie was a sailor's wife." These are
Grandfathers favourites. Dr Carr sang ** Tm
sitting on the stile. Mary, where we sat side by
side." He is a beautiful singer. It seemed
just like Sunday, for Grandmother never likes
to have us work or play on Thanksgiving Day,
but we had a very good time, indeed, and
were sorry when they all went home.
Saturday, December 20. — Lillie Reeve and
her brother, Charlie, have come from Texas
to live. He goes to the Academy and she
boards with Miss Antoinette Pierson, Miss
Pierson invited me up to spend the afternoon
and take tea with her and I went and had a
very nice time. She told me about their camp
life in Texas and how her mother died, and
her little baby sister, Minnie, lives with her
Grandmother Sheppard in Dansville. She is
a very nice girl and I like her very much,
March 6. — ^Anna and her set will have to
square accounts with Mr Richards to-morrow,
for nine of them ran away from school this
afternoon, Alice Jewett, Louisa Field, Sarah
Antes, Hattie Paddock, Helen Coy, Jennie
Ruckel, Frankie Younglove, Emma Wheeler
and Anna. They went out to Mr Sackett's,
where they are making maple sugar. Mr and
Mrs Sackett were at home and two Miss
Sacketts and Darius, and they asked them
in and gave them all the sugar they wanted,
and Anna said pickles, too, and bread and
butter, and the more pickles they ate the
more sugar they could eat. I guess they will
think of pickles when Mr Richards asks them
where they were. I think EUie Daggett and
Charlie Paddock went, too, and some of the
March 7. — They all had to stay after school
to-night for an hour and copy Dictionary.
Anna seems reconciled, for she just wrote in
her journal : "It was a very good plan to
keep us because no one ever ought to stay
out of school except on account of sickness,
and if they once get a thing fixed in their
minds it will stay there, and when they
grow up it will do them a great deal of
April. — Grandfather gave us lo cents each
this morning for learning the 46th Psalm and
has promised us $1 each for reading the Bible
through in a year. We were going to any
way. Some of the girls say they should think
we would be afraid of Grandfather, he is so
sober, but we are not the least bit. He let
us count $1,000 to-night which a Mr Taylor,
a cattle buyer, brought to him in the evening
after banking hours. Anybody must be very
rich who has all that money of their own.
Friday. — Our old horse is dead and we will
have to buy another. He was very steady
and faithful. One day Grandfather left him
at the front gate and he started along and
turned the comer all right, down the Metnodist
lane and went way down to our barn doors
and stood there until Mr Piser came and took
him into the bam. People said they set their
clocks by him because it was always quarter
past 1 2 when he was driven down to the bank
after Grandfather and quarter of i when he
came back. I don't think the clocks would
ever be too fast if they were set by him. We
asked Grandfather what he died of and he
said he had run his race but I think he meant
he Jbad walked it, for I never saw him go off
a jog in my life. Anna used to say he was
taking a nap when we were out driving with
9S VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Grandfather. I have written some lines in
his memory and if I knew where he was
buriedt I would print it on his head board
Qld Dobbin's dead, that good old horse»
We ne'er shall see him more,
He always used to lag behind
But now he's gone before.
h is a parody on old Grimes is dead, which
is in our reader, only that is a very Icftig poem.
I am not going to show mine to Grandfather
till he gets over feeling bad about the horse.
Sunday. — Grandmother gave Anna, Dod-
dridge's " Rise and Progress of Religion in
the Soul" to read to-day. Anna says she
thinks she v^ill have to rise and progress a
good deal before she will be able to appreciate
it. Baxter's "Saints Rest" would probably
suit her better.
Sunday, April 5. — An agent for the
American Board of Foreign Missions preached
this morning in our church from Romans 10:
15 : " How shall they hear without a preacher
and how shall they preach except they be
sent." An agent from every society presentis
the pause, whatever it is, once a year and some
people think the anniversary comes around
very often. I always think of Mrs George
Wilson's poem on "A apele for air, pewer air,
certin proper for the pews, which, she sez, is
scarce as piety, or bank bills when ajents beg
for mischuns, wich sum say is purty oftei^
(taint nothin' to me, wat I give aint nothin'
to nobody).'* I think that is about the best
poem of its kind I ever read.
Miss Lizzie Bull told us in Sunday School
to-day that she cannot be our Sunday School
teacher any more, as she and her sister Mary
are going to join the Episcopal Church. We
hate to nave her go, but what can't be cured
must be endured. Part of our class are going
into Miss Mary Howell's class and part into
Miss Annie Pierce's. They are both splendid
teachers and Mi$s Lizzie Bull is another. We
hacl preaching in our church this afternoon,
too. Rev. Samuel Hansom Cox, of Le Roy
Female Seminary, preached. He is a great
man, very large, long white hair combed back.
I think if a person once saw him they would
never forget him. He preached about
Melchisedek, who had neither "beginning of
days or end of life." Some people thought
that was like his sermon, for it was more
than one hour long. Dr Cox and Mrs Taylor
came to call and asked Grandfather to let
me go to Le Roy Female Seminary, but Grand-
father likes Ontario Female Seminary better
than any other in the world. We wanted
Grandmother to have her picture taken, but
she did not feel able to go to Mr Finley's,
so he came up Tuesday and took it in our
dining-room. She had her best cap on and
her black silk dress and sat in her high back
rocking chair in her usual comer near the
window. He brought one up to show \x$
and we like it so much. Anna looked at
it and kissed it and said, ''Grandmother, I
M VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
think you are perfectly beautiful/' She smiled
and very modestly put her handkerchief up
to her face and said, '' You foolish child/'
but I am sure she was pleased, for how could
she help it ? A man came up to the open
window one day where she was sitting, with
something to sell, and while she was talking
to him he said, ''You must have' been hand-
some, lady, when you were young/' Grand-
mother said it was because he wanted to sell
his wares, but we thought he knew it was
so. We told her she couldn't get around it'
that way and we asked Grandfather and he
said it was true. Our Sunday School class
went to Mr Finley's to-day and had a group
ambrotype taken for our teacher, Miss Annie
Pierce; Susie Daggett, Clara Willson, Sarah
Whitney, Mary Field and myself. Mary
Wheeler ought to have been in it, too, but
we couldn't get her to come. We had very
Thursday. — We gave the ambrotype to Miss
Pierce and she liked it very muoi and so
does her mother and Fannie. Her mother
is lame and cannot go anywhere so we often
go to see her and sne is always glad to see
us and so pleasant.
May 9. — Miss Lizzie Bull came for me to
go botanising with her this morning and we
were gone from 9 till 12, and went clear
up to the orphan asylum. I am afraid I am
not a bom botanist, for all the time she was
analysing the flowers and telling me about
the corona and the corrolla and the calyx and
the stamens and petals and pistils, I was
thinking what beautiful hands she had and
how dainty they looked, pulling the blossoms
all to pieces. I am afraid I am commonplace,
like the man we read of in English Literature,
who said "a primrose by the river brim, a
yellow primros<^, was to him, and it was
Mr William Wood came to call this afternoon
and gave us some naorning - glory seeds to
sow and told us to write down in our journals
that he did so. So here it is. What a funny
old man he is. Anna and Emma Wheeler
went to Hiram Tousley's funeral to-day. She
has just written in her journal that Hiram's
corpse was very perfect of him and that Fannie
looked very pretty in black. She also added
that after the funeral Grandfather took Aunt
Ann and Lucilla out to ride to Mr Howe's
and just as they got there it sprinkled. She
says she don't know "weather" they got wet
or not. She went to a picnic at Sucker Brook
yesterday afternoon, and this is the way she
described it in her journal. " Miss Hurlburt
told us all to wear rubbers and shawls and
bring some cake and we would have a picnic.
We nad a very warm time. It was very warm
indeed and I was most roasted and we were
all very thirsty indeed. We had in all the
party about 40 of us. It was very pleasant
and I enjoyed myself exceedingly. We had
boiled eggs, pickles, Dutch cheese and sage
cheese and loaf cake and raisin cake, pound
96 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
cake, dried beef and capers» jam and tea cakes
and gingerbread, and we tried to catch some
fish but we couldn't, and in all we had a
very nice time. I forgot to say that 1 picked
some flowers for my teacher. I went to bed
tired out and worn out/'
Her next entry was the following day when
she and the other scholars dressed up to
** speak pieces." She says, "After dinner I
went and put on my rope pettipoat and lace
one over it and my barege de laine dress and
all my rings and white bask and breastpin
and worked handkerchief and spoke my piece.
It was, 'When I look up to yonder sky.' It
is very pretty indeed and most all the girls
said I looked nice and said it nice. They
were all dressed up, too."
Thursday. — I asked Grandfather why we
do not have gas in the house like almost
every one else and he said because it was
bad for the eyes and he liked candles and
sperm oil better. We have the funniest little
sperm oil lamp with a shade on to read by
evenings and the fire on the hearth gives
Grandfather and Grandmother all the light
they want, for she knits in her corner and
we read aloud to them if they want us to.
I think if Grandfather is proud of anything
besides being a Bostonian, it is that every-
thing in the house is forty years old. The
shovel and tongs and andirons and fender
and the haircloth sofa and the haircloth rock-
ing chair and the flag bottomed chairs painted
dark green and the two old arm-chairs which
belong to them and no one else ever think
of touching. There is a wooden partition
between the dining-room and parlor and they
say it can slide right up out of sight on pulleys,
so that it would be all one room. We have
often said that we wished we could see it go
up but they say it has never been up since
the day our mother was married and as she
is dead I suppose it would make them feel
bad, so we probably will always have it down.
There are no curtains or even shades at the
windows, because Grandfather says, ** light is
sweet and a pleasant thing it is to behold
the sun." The piano is in the parlor and. it
is the same one that our mother had when
she was a little girl but we like it all the
better for that. There are four large oil paint-
ings on the parlor wall, De Witt Clinton, Rev,
Mr Dwight, Uncle Henry Channing Beals and
Aunt Lucilla Bates, and no matter where we
sit in the room they are waftching and their
eyes seem to move whenever we do. There
is quite a handsome lamp on a mahogany
centre table, but I never saw it lighted. We
have four sperm candles in four silver candle-
sticks and when we have company we light
themi. Johnnie Thompson, son of the minister,
Rev. M. L. R. P., has come to the academy
to school and he is very full of fun and got
acquainted with all the girls very quick. He
told us this afternoon to have " the other candle
lit" for he was coming down to see us this
evening. Will S.chley heard him say it and h^
98 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
said he wa^ coming too. His mother says
she always . knotvs when he has been at our
house, because she finds sperm on his clothes
and has to take brown paper and a hot flatiron
to get it out, but still I do not think that
Mrs Schley cares, for she is a very nice lady
and she and I are great friends. I presume
she would just as soon he would spend part
of his time with us as to be with Horace Finley
all the time. Those boys are just like twins.
We never see one without being sure that
the other is not far away.
Later. — The bpys came and we had a very
pleasant evening but when the 9 o'clock bell
fang we heard Grandfather winding up the
clock and scraping up the ashes on the hearth
to cover the fire so it would last till morning
and we all understood the signal and they bade,
us good-night. '* We w.on't go home till morn-
ing " is a song that will never be sung in this
June 2. — Abbie Clark wrote such a nice
piece in my album to-day I am going to write
it in my journal. Grandfather says he likes
the sentiment as well as any in my book.
This is it : "It has been said that the friend-
ship of some people is like our shadow, keeping
close by us while the sun shines, deserting us the
moment we enter the shade, but think not such
is the friendship of Abbie S. Clark. " Abbie ^nd
I took supper at Miss Mary Howell's to-night
to see Adele Ives. We had a lovely time.
KR'S ROCKINU CHAIN.
Tuesday.— Gentral Tom Thumb was in town
to-day and everybody who wanted to see him
could go to Bemis Hall. Twenty-five cents
for old people, and lo cents for children, but
we could see him for nothing when he drove
around town. He had a little carriage and
two little bits of ponies and a little boy with
a high silk hat on, for the driver. He sat
inside the coach but we could see him looking
out. We went to the hall in the afternoon
and the man who brought him stood by him
and looked like a giant and told us all about
him. Then he asked Tom Thumb to make
a speech and stood him upon the table. He
told all the ladies he would give them a kiss
if they would come up and buy his picture.
Some of them did.
Friday, July. — 1 have not kept a journal for
two weeks because we have been away visit-
ing. Anna and I had an invitation to go to
Utica to visit Rev. and Mrs Brandigee. He
is rector of Grace Episcopal church there and
his wife used to belong to Father's church
in Morristown, K.J. Her name was Miss
Condict. Rev. Mr Stowe was going to
Hamilton College at Clinton, so he said he
would take us to Utica. We had a lovely
time. The comer stone of the church was
laid while we were there and Bishop De Lancey
came and stayed with us at Mr Brandigee'^s.
He is a very nice ,man and likes children.
One morning they had muffins for breakfast
and Anna asked if they were ragamuffins. Mr
100 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Brandigee said, '' Yes, they are made of rags
and brown paper/' but we knew he was just
joking. When we came away Mrs Brandigee
gave me a prayer book and Anna a vase, but
she didn't like it and said she should tell Mrs
Brandigee she wanted a prayer book too, so
I had to change with her. When we came
home Mr Brandigee put us in care of the con-
ductor. There was a fine soldier looking man
in the car with us and we thought it was his
wife with him. He wore a blue coat and
brass buttons, and some one said his name was
Custer and that he was a West Point cadet
and belons^ed to the regular army. I told
Anna she had better behave or he would see
her, but she would go out and stand on the
platform until the conductor told her not to.
I pulled her dress and looked very stern at
her and motioned toward Mr Custer, but it
did not seem to have any impression on her.
I saw Mr Custer smile once because my words
had no effect. I was glad when we got to
Canandaigua. I heard some one say that
Dr Jewett was at the depdt to take Mr Custer
and his wife to his house, but I only saw
Grandfather coming after us. He said, " Well,
girls, you have been and you have got back,"
but I could see that he was glad to have us
at home again, even if we are ** troublesome
comforts/' as he sometimes says.
July 4.-^Barnum's circus was in town to-day
and if Grandmother had not seen the pictures
on the hand bills I think she would have let
us go. She said it was aU right to look at the
creatures God had made but she did not think
He ever intended that women should go only
half dressed and stand up and ride on horses
bare back, or jump through hoops in the air.
So we could not go. We saw the street
parade though and heard the band play and
saw the men and women in a chariot, all
dressed so fine, and we saw a big elephant
and a little one and a camel with an awful
hump on his back, and we could hear the lion
roar in the cage, as they went by. It must
have been nice to see them close to and
probably we will some day.
August 8. — Grandfather has given me his
whole s^t of Waverley novels and his whole
set of Shakespeare's plays, and has ordered
Mr Jahn, the cabinetmaker, to make me a
black walnut bookcase, with glass doors and
three deep drawers underneath, with brass
handles. He is so good. Anna says perhaps
he thinks I am gomg to be married and go
to housekeeping some day. Well, perhaps
he does. Stranger things have happened.
'' Barkis is willin'," and I always like to
please Grandfather. I have just read David
Copperfield and wisis so interested I could not
leave it alone till I finished it.
September i. — ^Anna and I have been in
Litchfield, Conn., at Father's school for boys..
It is kept in the old Beecher house, where
Dr Lyman Beecher lived. We went up into
Itm VnXAOE LIFE IN ABCERICA
the attic, which is light and airy, where they
say he used to write his famous sermons.
James is one of the tfeachers and he came for
us. We went to Farming^on and saw all the
Cowles families, as they are our cousins. Then
we drove by the Charter Oak and saw all
there is left of it It was blown down last year
but the stump is fenced around. In Hartford
we visited Gallaudet's Institution for the deaf
and dumb and went to the historical rooms,
where we saw some of George Washington's
clothes and his watch and his penknife, but
we did not see his little hatchet We stayed
two weeks in New York and vicinity before
we came home. Uncle Edward took us to
Christie's Minstrels and the Hippodrome, so
we saw all the things we missed seeing when
the circus was here in town. Grandmother
seemed surprised when we told her, but she
didn't say much because she was so glad to
have us at home again. Anna said we ought
to bring a present to Grandfather and Grand-
mother, for she read one tinie about some
children who went away and came back grown
up and brought home " busts of the old philo-
sophers for the sitting - room," so as we
saw some busts of George Washington ^nd
Benjamin Franklin in plaster of paris we
bought them, for they look almost like marble
and Grandfather and Grandmother like them.
Speaking of busts reminds me of a conundrum
I heard while I was gone. " How do we know
that Poe's Raven .was a dissipated bird ?
Because he was all night on a bust." Grand-
father took us down to the bank to see How
he had it made over while we were gone.
We asked him why he had a beehive hanging
out for a sign and he said, '' Bees store ueir
hoi\ey in the summer for winter use and men
ought to store dieir money against a rainy
day.^ He has a swing door to the bank witn
'' Push " on it. He said he saw a man study-
ing it one day and finally looking up he
spelled p-u-s-h, push (and pronounced it like
mush)^ ''What does that mean?" Grand-
father > showed him what it meant and he
though^ it was very convenient. He was
about ^ thick-headed as the man who saw
some sjiuffers and asked what they were for
and when told to snufF the candle with, he
immediately snuffed the candle with his fingers
and put ^ in the snuffers and said, '' Law sakes,
how haiidy!" Grandmother really laughed
when sh^ read this in the paper.
Septefn^er. — Mrs Martin, of Albany, is
visiting Aunt Ann, and she brought Grand-
mother a fine fish that was caught in the
Atlantic Ocean. We went over and asked her
to come to dinner to-morrow and help eat it
and she said if it did not rain pitchforks she
would come, so I think we may expect her.
Her granddaughter, Hattie Blanchard, has
come here to go to the seminary and will
live with Aunt Ann. She is a very pretty
girl. Mary Field came over this morning and
we went down street together. Grandfather
went with ys to Mr Nat Gorham's store, as
104 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
he is selling off at cost, and got Grandmother
and me each a new pair of kid gloves. Hers
are black and mine are green. Hers cost six
shillings and mine cost five shillings and six
pence ; very cheap for such nice ones. Grand-
mother let Anna have six little girls here to
supper to-night -.Louisa Field, Hattie Padaock,
Helen Coy, Martha Densmore, Emma Wlieeler
and Alice Jewett. We had a splendid supper
and then we played cards. I do not; mean
regular cards, mercy no ! Grandfather thinks
those kind are contagious or outrageous or
something dreadful and never keeps them in
the house^ Grandmother said they found a
pack once, when the hired man s room was
cleaned, and they went into the fire pretty
quick. The kind we played was just '* Dr
Busby," and another "The Old Soldier and
His Dog." There are counters with them,
and if you don't have the card called for you
have to pay one into the pool. It is real
fun. They all said they had a very nice
time, indeed, when they bade Grandmother
good-night, and said : "Mrs Beals, you must
let Carrie and Anna come and see jus some
time," and she said she would. I think it is
nice to have company.
Christmas. — Grandfather and Grandmother
do not care much about making Christmas
presents. They say, when they were young
no one observed Christmas or New Years,
but they always kept Thanksgiving day. Our
cousins, the Fields and Carrs, gave us several
presents and Uncle Edward sent us a basket
full from New York by express. Aunt Aiin^
gave me one of the Lucy books and a
Franconia story book and to Anna, "The
Child's Book on Repentance." When Anna
saw the title, she whispered to me and said if
she had done anything she was sorry for she
was willing to be forgiven. I am afraid she
will never read hers but I will lend her mine.
Miss Lucy Ellen Guernsey, of Roche3ter, gave
me "Christmas Earnings" and wrote in it,
"Carrie C. Richards with the love of the
author." I think that is very nice. Anna and
I were chattering like two magpies to-day, and
a man came in to talk to Grandfather on
business. He told us in an undertone that
children should be seen and not heard. After
he had gone I saw Anna watching him a
long time till he was only a speck in the
distance and I asked her what she was doing.
She said she was doing it because it was a
sign if you watched persons out of sight you
would never see them again. She does not
seem to have a very forgiving spirit, but
you can't always tell.
Mr William Wood, the venerable philan-
thropist of whom Canandaigua has been justly
proud for many years, is dead. I have pre-
served this poem, written by Mrs George
Willson in his honour:
" Mr Editor — The following lines were written by
a lady of this village, and have been heretofore
published, but on reading in your last paper the
106 VILLAOE LIFE IN AMERICA
interesting extract relating to the late William Wood,
Esq., it was suggested that they be again published,
not only for their merit, but also to keep alive the
memory of one who has done so much to ornament
our village. — H.**
When first on this stage of existence we come
Blind, deaf, puny, helpless,' but not, alas, dumb^
What can please us, and soothe us, and make us sleep
To be rocked in a cradle ; — and cradles are wood.
When older we grow, and we enter the schools
Where masters break rulers o'er boys who break rules,
What can curb and restrain and make Taws understood
But the birch-twig and ferule ? — and both are of wood.
When old age — ^second childhood, takes vigor away,
And we totter along toward our home in the clay, .
What can aid us to stand as in manhood we stood
But our tried, trusty staff? — and the staff is of wood.
And when from this stage of existence we go.
And death drops the curtain on all scenes below,
In our coffins we rest, while for worms we are food.
And our last sleeping place, like our first, is of wood.
Then honor to wood ! fresh and strong may it grow,
'Though winter has silvered its summit with snow ;
Embowered in its shade long our village has stood ;
She'd scarce be Canandaigua if stripped of her Wood.
Stanza added after the death of Mr Wood
The sad time is come ; she is stript of her Wood,
'Though the trees that he planted still stand where they
Still with storms they can wrestle with arms stout and
Still they wave o'er our dwellings — they droop o'er his
Alas ! that the life of the cherished and good
Is more frail and more brief than the trees of the wood !
February 24, 1858. — The boarders at the
Seminary had some tableaux last evening and
invited a great many from the village. They
were splendid. Mr Chubbuck was in nearly
all of them. The most beautiful one was
Abraham offering up Isaac. Mr Chubbuck
was Abraham and Sarah Ripley was Isaac.
After the tableaux they acted a charade. The
word was ** Masterpiece." It was fine. After
the audience got half way out of the chapel
Mr Richards announced "The Belle of the
Evening." The curtain rose and every one
rushed back, expecting to see a young lady
dressed in the height of fashion, when immedi-
ately the Seminary bell rang ! Mr Blessner s
scholars gave all the music and he stamped
so, beating time, it almost drowned the music.
Some one suggested a bread and milk poultice
for his foot Anna has been taking part in
some private theatricals. The play is in
contrast to " The Spirit of '76 " and the idea
carried out is that the men should stay at
home and rock the cradles and the women
should take the rostrum. Grandmother was
rather opposed to the idea, but every one
wanted Anna to take the part of leading lady,
108 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
so she consented. She even helped Anna
make her bloomer suit and sewed on the
braid for^trimming on the skirt herself. She
did not know that Anna's opening sentence
was, "How are you, sir ? Cigar, please ! *'
It was acted at Mrs John Bate^' house on
Gibson Street and was a great success, but
when they decided to repeat it another evening
Grandmother told Anna she must choose
between going oii the stage and living with
her Grandmother, so Anna gave it up and
some one else took her part.
March. — There is a great deal said about
spirits nowadays and a lot of us girls went
into one of the recitation rooms after school
to-night and had a spiritual seance. We sat
around Mr Chubbuck's table and put our hands
on it and it moved around and stood on two
legjs and sometimes on one. I thought the
girfe helped it but they said they didn't. We
heard some loud raps, too, but they sounded
very earthly to me. Eliza Burns, one of the
boarders, told us if we would hold our breath
we could pick up one of the girls from the
floor and raise her up over our heads with
one finger of each hand, if the girl held her
breath too. We tried it with Anna and did
it, but w^ had such hard work to keep from
laughing I expected we would drop lieir.
There is nothing very spirituelle about any
of us. I told Grandmother and she said we
reminded her of Jemima Wilkinson, who told
all her followers that the world was to come
to an end on a certain day and they should
all be dressed in white and get up on the
roofs of the houses and be prepared to ascend
and meet the Lord in the air. I asked Grand-
mother what she said when nothing happened
and she said she told them it was because
they did not have faith enough. If they had,
everything would have happened just as she
said. Grandmother says that one day at a
time has always been enough for her and that
to-morrow will take care of the things of itself.
May 1858. — Several of us girls went up into
the top of the new Court, House to-day as far
as the workmen would allow us. We got a
splendid view of the lake and of all the country
round. Abbie Clarke climbed up on a beam and
recited part of Alexander Selkirk's soliloquy :
'' I'm monarch of all I survey,
My rights there are none to dispute :
From the center, all round to the sea,
I'm lord of the fowl and brute."
I was Standing on a block and she said I
looked like " Patience on a monument smiling
at Grief." I am sure she could not be taken
for "Grief." She always has some quotation
on her tongue's end. We were down at
Sucker Brook the other day and she picked
her way out to a big stone in the middle of the
stream and, standing on it, said, in the words
of Rhoderick Dhu,
" Come one, come all, this rock shall fly
From its firm base, as soon as I."
no VILI.AGE TJFE IN AMERICA
Just then the big stone tipped over and she
had to wade ashore. She is not at all afraid of
climbing and as we left the Court House she
said she would like to go outside oii the cupola
and help Justice balance the scales.
A funny old man came to our house to-day
as he wanted to deposit some money and
reached the bank after it was closed. We
were just sitting down to dinner so Grand-
father asked him to stay and have " pot luck "
with us. He said that he was very much
" obleeged " and stayed and passed his plate a
second time for more of our very fine "pot
luck.** We had boiled beef and dumplings
and I suppose he thought that was the name
of the dish. He talked so queer we couldn't
help noticing it. He said he "heered" so and
he was **afeered" and somebody was ve;ry
"deef" and they ** hadn't ought to have done
it" and "they should have went" and such
things. Anna and I almost laughed but
Grandmother looked at us with her eye and
forefinger so we sobered down. She told us
afterwards that there are many good people
in the world whose verbs and nouns do not
2Lgtee, and instead of laughing at them we
should be sure that we always speak correctly
ourselves. Very true. Dr Daggett was at
the Seminary one day when we had public
' exercises and he told me afterwards that I
said "sagac-ious" for * * saga-cious " and Aunt
Ann told me that I said "epi-tome** for **e-pit-
o-me." So "people that live in glass houses
shouldn't throw stones."
Sunday. — Grandfather read his favorite
parable this morning at prayers — the one
about the wise man who built his house upon
k rock and the foolish man who built upon
the sand. He reads it good, just like a
minister. He prays good, too, and I know
his prayer by heart He says, "Verily Thou
art our Father, though Abraham be ignorant
of us and Israel acknowledge us not," and
he always says, " Thine arm is not shortened
that it cannot save, or Thine ear heavy that
it cannot hear." I am glad that I can re-
June. — Cyrus W. Field called at our house
to-day. He is making a trip through thie
States and stopped here a few hours because
Grandmother is his aunt. He made her a
present of a piece of the Atlantic cable about
six inches long, which he had mounted for her.
It is a very nice souvenir. He is a tall, fine
looking man and very pleasant.
Sunday ^ July i^^ 1858. — This is Communion
Sunday and quite a number united with the
church on profession of their faith. Mr Gideon
Granger was one of them. Grandmother says
that she has known him always and his father
and mother, and she thinks he is like John,
the beloved disciple. I think that any one
who knows him, knows what is meant by a
gentle-man. I. have a picture of Christ in
the Temple with the doctoris, and His face
is almost exactly like Mr Granger's. Some
others who joined to-day were Miss Belle
112 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Paton, Miss Lottie Clark and Clara WiHson,
Mary Wheeler and Sarah Andrews. Dr
JDaggett always asks all the communicants to
sit in the body pews and the non-communi-
cants in the side pews. We always feel like
tiie goats on the left when we leave Grand-
father, and Grandmother and go on the side,
but we won't have to always. Abbie Clark,
Mary Field and I think we will join at the
communion in September. Grandmother says
she hopes we realize what a solemn thing it is.
We are fifteen years old iso I think we ought
to. No one who hears Dr Daggett say in
his beautiful voice, *' I now renounce all ways
of sin as what I truly abhor and choose the
service of God as my greatest privilege," could
think it any trifling matter. I feel as though I
couldn't be bad if I wanted to be, and when he
blesses them and says, ** May the God of the
Everlasting Covenant keep you firm and holy
to the end through Jesus Christ our Lord,"
everthing seems cqmplete. He always says at
the close, " And when they had sung an hymn
they went out into the Mount of Olives."
Then he gives out the hymn, beginning :
" According to Thy gracious word,
In deep humility.
This win I do, my dying Lord
I will remember Thee."
And the last verse :
'' And when these failing lips grow dumb,
And mind and memory flee.
When in Thy kingdom Thou shalt come,
Jesus remember me."
Deacon Taylor always starts the hymn.
Deacon Taylor and Deacon Tyler sit on one
side of Dr Daggett and Deacon Clarke and
Deacon Castle on the other. Grandfather and
Grandmother joined the church fifty-one years
ago and are the oldest living members. She
says they have always been ghid that they took
this step when they were young.
August 17. — There was a celebration in town
to-day because the Queen's message was re-
ceived on the Atlantic cable. Guns were
fired and church bells rune and flags were
waving everywhere. In tne evening there
was a torchlight procession and the town was
all lighted up except Gibson Street. AUie
Antes died this morning, so the people on
that street kept their houses as usual. Anna
says that probably AUie Antes was better pre-
pared to die than any other little girl in town.
Atwater hall and the academy and the hotel
were more brilliantly illuminated than any
other buildings. Grandfather saw something
in a Boston paper that a minister said in his
sermon about the Atlantic cable and he wants
me to write it down in my journal. This is it:
"The two hemispheres are now successfully
united by means of the electric wire, but what
is it, after all, compared with the instantaneous
communication between the Throne of Divine
Grace and the heart of man ? Offer up your
silent petition. It is transmitted through
realms of unmeasured space more rapidly than
the lightning's flash, and the answer reaches
114 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
the soul e're the prayer has died away on the
sinners lips. Yet this telegraph, performing
its saving functions ever since Christ died for
men on Calvary, fills not the world with
exultation and shouts of gladness, with illum-
inations and bonfires and the booming of
cannon. The reason is, one is the telegraph
of this world and may produce revolutions on
earth; the other is the sweet communication
between Christ and the Christian soul and
will secure a glorious immortality in Heaven."
Grandfather appreciates anything like that and
I like to please him.
Grandfather says he thinks the 19th Psalm
is a prophecy of the electric telegraph. •' Their
line is gone out through all the earth and their
words to the end of the world." It certainly
sounds like it.
Sunday. — Rev. Henry Ward Beecher is stay-
ing at Judge Taylor's and came with them to
church to-day. Everybody knew that he ws^s
here and thought he would preach and the
church was packed full. When he came in he
went right to Judge Taylors pew and sat with
him and did not preach at all, but it was some-
thing to look at him. Mr Daggett was away
on his vacation and Rev. Mr Jervis of the
M. E. church preached. I heard sbme people
say they guessed even Mr Beecher heard some'
new words to-day, for Mr Jervis is quite a
hand to make them up or find very long hard
ones in the dictionary*
August 30, 1858. — Rev. Mr Tousley was
hurt to-day by the falling of his barn which
was being moved, and they think his back is
broken and if he lives he csln never sit up
again. Only last Sunday he was in Sunday
School and had us sing in memory of AUie
" A mourning class, a vacant seat,
Tell us that one we loved to meet
Will join our youthful throng no more,
Till all these changing scenes are o'er/'
And now he will never mbet with us again
and the children will never have another
minister all their own. He thinks he may
be able to write letters to the children and
perhaps write his own life. We all hope he
may be able to sit up if he cannot walk.
We went to our old home in Penn Yan
visiting last week and stayed at Judge Ells-
worth's. We called to see the TunniclifTs and
the Olivers, Wells, Jones, Shepards, Glovers,
Bennetts, Judds and several other families.
They were glad to see us for the sake of
our father and mother. Father was their
pastor from 1841 to 1847.
Some one told us that when Bob and Henry
Antes were small boys they thought they would
like to try, just for once, to see how it would
see;m to be bad, so in spite of all of Mr Tousley's
sermons they went out behind the barn one
day and in a whisper Bob said, " I swear;" and
Henry said, "So do I.** Then they came into
the house looking guilty and quite s^irprised,
I suppose, that they were not struck dead just
as Ananias and Sapphira were fpr. lying.
116 VILLAGE UFB IN AMERICA
SipUmb^. — I read in a New York paper
to-day that Hon. Geome Peabody, of England,
presented Cyrus W. r ield widi a solid silver
tea service of twelve pieces, which cost $4,ooa
The pieces bear likenesses of Mr Peabody and
Mr Field, with the coat of arms> of the Field
family. The epergne is supported by a base
representing the genius of America.
We had experiments in the philosophy
class to-day and took electric shocks. Mr
Chubbuck managed the battery which has two
handles attached. Two of the girls each held
one of these and we all took hold of hands
making the circuit complete. After a while
it jerked us almost to pieces and we aisked
Mr Chubbuck to turn it off. Dana Luther,
one of the Academy boys, walked up from the
Postoffice with vat this noon. He lives in
Naples and is Florence Younglove's cousin.
We went to a. ball game down on Pleasant
Street after school. I got so far ahead of
Anna coming home she called me her '' distant
Januarv^ 1859. — Mr Woodruff came to see
Grandfather to ask him if we could attend
his singing school. He is going to have it
one evening each week in the chapel of our
church. Quite a lot of the boys and girls are
going, so we were glad when Grandfather
gave his consent. Mr Woodruff wants us
all to sing' by note and teaches ** do re me
fa sol la si do" from the blackboard and
beats time with a stick. He lets us have a
recess, which is more fun than all the rest
of it. He says if we practice well we can
have a concert in Bemis Hall to end up with.
What a treat that will be !
February. — Anna has been teasing me all
the morning about a verse which John Albert
Granger Barker wrote in my album. He has
a most fascinating lisp when he talks, so she
says this is the way the verse . reads :
" Beauty of perthon, ith thertainly chawming
Beauty of feachure, by no meanth alawming .
But give me in pwefrence, beauty of mind,
Or give me Cawwie, with all thwee combined."
It takes Anna to find "amuthement" in
** eve wy thing."
118 VILLAOE LIFE IN AMERICA
Mary Wheeler came over and pierced my
ears to-day^ so I can wear my new earrings
that Uncle Edward sent me. She pinched
niy ear until it was numb and then pulled a
needle through, threaded with silk. Anna
would not stay in the room. She wjants her's
done but does not dare. It is all the fashion
for girls to cut off their hair and friz it. Anna
and I have cut off ours and Bessie Seymour
got me to cut off her lovely long hair to-day.
It won't be very comfortable for us to sleep
with curl papers all over our heads, but we
must do it now. I wanted my new dress
waist which Miss Rosewarne is making, to
hook up in front, but Grandmother said I
would have to wear it that way all the rest
of my life so I had better be content to hook
it in the back a little longer. She said when
Aun^t Glorianna was married, in 1.848, it was
the fashion for grown up women to have their
waists fastened in the back, so the bride had
hers made that way but she thought it was
a very foolish and inconvenient fashion. It
is nice, though, to dress in style and look
like other people. I have a .Garibaldi waist
and a Zouave jacket and a balmoral skirt.
Sunday. — I asked Grandmother if I could
write a letter to Father to-day, and she said
I could begin it and tell him that I went to
church and what Mr Daggett's text was and
then finish it to-morrow. I did so, but I
wish I could do it all after I began. She
said a verse from the Tract Primer:
y A Sabbath well spent brings a week of content
And strength for the toil of to-morrow,
But a Sabbath profaned, whatever be gained,
la a certain forerunner of sorrow."
Monday. — We dressed up in new fangled
costumes to-day and wore them to school.
Some of us wore dresses almost up to our
knees and some wore them trailing on the
ground. Some wore their hair twisted in knots
and some let theirs hang down their backs.
I wore my new waterfall for the first time
and Abbie Clark said I looked like '* Hagar in
the Wilderness." When she came in she
looked like a fashion plate, bedecked with
bows and ribbons and her hair up in a
hew way. When she came in the door she
stopped and said solemnly, "If you have
tears prepare to shed them now ! " Laura
Chapin would not participate in the fun, for
once. She said sne thought " Beauty un-
adorned was the dorndest." We did not have
our lesson in mental philosophy very well so
we asked Mr Richards to explain the nature of
dreams and their cause and effect. He gave
us a very interesting talk, which occupied
the whole hour. We listened with breathless
attention, so he must have marked us loo.
There was a lecture at the seminary to-night
and Rev. Dr Hibbard, the Methodist minister,
who lives next door above the Methodist
church, came home with us. Grandmother
was very much pleased when we told her.
March i . — Our hired man has started a hot
ISO VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
bed and we went down behind the barn to see
it Grandfather said he was up at 6 o'clock
and walked up as far as Mr Greig's lions and
back again for exercise before breakfast. He
seems to have the bloom of youth on his face
as a reward. Anna says she saw " Bloom of
youth " advertised in the drug store and she is
going to buy some. I know Grandmother
won't let her for it would be like " taking coal
to New Castle."
April. — Anna wanted me to help her write
a composition last night, and we decided to
write on "Old Journals/' so we got hers and
mine both out and made selections and then
she copied them. When we were on our way
to school this morning we met Mr E. M. Morse
and Anna asked him if he did not want to read
her composition that Carrie wrote for her.
He made a very long face and pretented to be
ynuch shocked, but said he would like to read
it, so he took it and also her album, which she
asked him to write in. At night, on his way
home, he stopped at our door and left them
both. When she looked in her album, she
found this was what he had written :
**Anna, when you have grown old and wear
spectacles and a cap, remember the boyish young
man who saw your fine talents in 1859 and was
certain you would add culture to nature and become
the pride of Canandaigua. Do not forget also that
no one deserves praise for anything done by others
and that your progress in wisdom and goodness will
be watched by no one more anxiously than by yoUr
true friend, E. M. MOMl."
I think she might as well told Mr Morse
that the old journals were as much hers as
mine ; but I tnink she likes to make out she is
not as good as she is. Sarah Foster helped us
to do our arithmetic examples to-day. She is
splendid in mathematics.
Much to our surprise Bridget Flynn, who
has lived with us so long, is married. We
didn't know she thought of such a thing, but
she has gone. Anna and I have learned how
to make rice and cornstarch puddings. We
have a new girl in Bridget's place but I don't
think she will do. Grandmother asked her to-
day if she seasoned 'the g^vy and she said,
either she did or she didn't, she couldn't tell
which. Grandfather says he thinks she is a
little lacking in the "upper story."
June. — A lot of us went down to Sucker
Brook this afternoon. Abbie Clark was one
and she told us some games to play sitting
down on the grass. We played "Simon says
thumbs up " 3,nd then we pulled the leaves off
from daisies and said,
*' Rich man, poor man, beggar man, thief,
Doctor, lawyer, merchant, chief,''
to see which we would marry. The last leaf
tells the story. Anna's came " rich man " every
time and she thinks it is true because Eugene
Stone has asked to marry her and he is quite
well off. She is 13 and he is 17. He is going
now to his home in St. Paul, Minn., but he is
coming back for her some day. Tom Eddy is
1M VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
going to be groomsman and Emma Whfeeler
bridesmaid They have all the arrangements
made. She has not . shown any of Eugene
Stone's notes to Grandmother yet for she does
not think it is worth while. Anna broke the
seal on Tom Eddy's page in her mystic book,
although he wrote on it, "Not to be opened
until December 8, 1859." He says :
" Dear Anna,-— I hope that in a few years I will
see you and Stone living on the bsmks of the
Mississippi, in a little cottage,.as snug as a bug in a
rug, living in peace, so that I can come and see you
and have a good time.— Yours,
Thos. C. Eddy."
Anna says if she does marry Eugene Stone
and he forgets, after two or three years to be
as polite to her as he is now she shall look up
at him with her sweetest smile and say, ** Miss
Anna, wotf t you have a little more sugar in
your tea?" When I went to school this
morning Juliet Ripley asked, " Where do you
think Anna Richards is now ? Up in a cherry
tree in Dr Cheney's garden." Anna loves
cherries. We could see her from the chapel
June 7. — Alice Jewett took Anna all through
their new house to-day which is being built
and then they went over to Mr Noah T.
Clarke's partly finished house and went all
through that. A dog canie out of Cat Alley
and barked at them and scared Anna awfully.
She said ^he almost had a conniption fit but
Emma kept hold -of her. She is so afraid of
thunder and lightning and dogs.
Old Friend Burling brought Grandfather a
^specimen of his handwriting to-day to keep.
It is beautifully written, like copper plate.
This is the verse he wrote and Grandfathibr
gave it to me to paste in my book of extracts :
Could we with ink the ocean fill,
Was the whole earth of parchment made,
Was every single stick a quill,
And every man a scribe by trade ;
To write the love of God above
Would drain the ocean dry ;
Nor could that scroll contain the whole
Though stretched from sky to sky.
Transcribed by William S. Burling, Canan-
daigua, 1859, in the 83rd year of his age.
Sunday, Decefnber 8, 1 859. — Mr E. M. Morse
is our Sunday School teacher now and the
Sunday School room is so crowded that we
go up into the. church for our class recitation.
Abbie Glark, Fannie Gaylord and myself are
the only scholars, and he calls us the three
..christian graces, faith, hope and charity, and
the greatest of these is charity. I am the
tallest, so he says I am charity. We recite in
Mr Gibson's pew, because it is farthest away
and we do not disturb the other classes. He
gave us some excellent advice to-day as to
what was right and said if we ever had any
doubts about anything we should never do it
1S4 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
and should always be perfecdy sure we are in
the right before we act He gave us two
weeks ago a poem to learn by, Samuel Taylor
Coleridge. It is an apostrophe to God and very
hard to learn. It is blank verse and has 85
lines in it. I have it committed at last and we
are to recite it in concert The last two lines
are, " Tell thou the silent sky and tell the stars
and tell yon rising sun, Earth with its thousand
voices praises God." Mr Morse delivered a
lecture in Bemis Hall last Thursday night.
The subject was, "You and I." It was
splendid and he lent me the manuscript after-
wards to read. Dick Valentine lectured in the
hall the other night too. His subject was
" Prejudice." There was some difference in
the lectures and the lecturers. The latter was
more highly colored.
Friday. — The older ladies of the town have
formed a society for the relief of the poor and
are going to have a course of lectures in Bemis
Hall under their auspices to raise funds. The
lecturers are to be from the village and are to
be : Rev. O. E. Daggett, subject, ** Ladies and
Gentleman ; " Dr Harvey Jewett, ** The House
We Live in," Prof. F. E. R. Chubbuck,
•'Progress;" Hon. H. W. Taylor, "The
Empty Place ; " Prof. E. G. Tyler, " Finance ; "
Mr N. T. Clark, "Chemistry;" E. M. Morse,
"Graybeard and His Dogmas." The young
ladies have started a society, too, and we have
great fun and fine suppers. We met at Jennie
Howell's to organise. We are to meet once
in two weeks and are to present each member
with an album bed quilt with all our names on
whien they are married. Susie Daggett says
she 4s never going to be married, but we must
make her a quilt just the same. Laura Chapin
sang " Mary Lindsey, Dear," and we got to
laughing so that Susie Daggett and I loist our
equilibrium entirely, but I found mine by the
time I got home. Yesterday afternoon Grand-
father asked us if we did not want to go to ride
with him in the big two seated covered carriage
which he does not get out very often. We
said yes, and he stopped for Miss Hannah
Upham and took her with us. She sat on
the back seat with me and we rod^ clear to
Farmington and kept up a brisk conversation
all the way. She told us how she became lady
principal of the Ontario Female Seminary in
1830. She was still telling us about it when
we got back home.
December 23. — We have had a Christmas
tree and many other attractions in Seminary
chapel. The day scholars and townspeople
were permitted to participate and we had a
post office and received letters from our friends.
Mr E. M. Morse wrote me a ficticious one,
claiming to be written from the north pole, ten
years hence. I will copy it in my journal for
I may lose the letter. I had some gifts on the
Christmas tree and gave some. I presented
my teacher, Mr Chubbuck, with two large
hemstitched handkerchiefs with his initials
embroidered in a corner of each. As he is
196 VILLAGE M!^ IN AMERICA
favored with the euphonious name of Frank^
Emery Robinson Chubbuck it was a work of
art to make his initials look beautiful. I
inclosed a stanza in rhyme :
Amid the changing scenes of life
. If any storm should rise, , .
May you ever have a handkerchief
To wipfe your weeping eyes.
Here is Mr Morse's letter :
"North Pole, \o January 1869
" Miss Carrie Richards,
** My dear Young Friend. — It is very cold here
and the pole is covered with ice. I climbed it
yesterday to take an observation and ^arrange our
flag, the Stars and Stripes, which I hoisted immedi-
ately on my arrival here, ten years ago. I thought
I should freeze and the pole was so slippery that L
was in great danger of coming down faster than was
comfortable. Although this pole has been used for
more than 6,000 years it is still as good as new. The
works of the Great Architect do not wear out. It is
now ten years since I have seen you and my other
two Christian Graces and I have no doubt of your
present position among the most brilliant, noble and
excellent women in all Anlerica. I always knew and
recognised your great abilities. Nature was very
generous to you all and you Were enjoyipg fine
advantages at the time I last knew you. I thought
your residence with your Grandparents an admirable
school for you, and you and your sister were most
evidently the best joy of their old age. You certainly,
owe much to them. At the time that I left my
three Christiian Graces, Mrs Grundy was sometimes
malicious enough to say. that they were injuring
-themselves by flirting. I always told the old lady
that I had the utmost confidence in the judgment
and discretion of my pupils and that they would be
very careful and prudent in all their conduct. I
confessed that flirting was wrong and very injurious
to any one who was guilty of it, but I was very sure
that you were not I could not believe that you
would disappoint us all and become only ordinary
women, but that you would become the most exalted
characters, scorning all things unworthy of ladies and
Christians and 1 was right and Mrs Grundy was
wrong. When the ice around the pole thaws out I
shall make a flying visit to Canandaigua. I send you
a tame polar bear for a pl^ayfellow. This letter will
be conveyed to you by Esquimaux express.— Most
truly yours, E. M. MORSE."
I think some one must have shown some
verses that we girls wrote, to Mrs Grundy and
made her think that our minds were more upon
the young men than they were upon our studies,
but if people knew how much time we spent
on Paley's " Evidences of Christianity " and
Butler's Analogy and .Karnes' Elements of
Criticism and Ty tier's Ancient History and
Olmstead's Mathematical Astronomy and our
French and Latin and arithmetic and algebra
and geometry and trigonometry and book-
keeping, they would know we had very little
time to think of the masculine genden
New Years Day. — We felt quite grown up
to-day and not a little scared when we saw
Mr Morse and Mr Wells and Mr Mason and
Mr Chubbuck all coming in together to make
a New Year's calL They made a tour 6f the
town. We did not feel so flustrated when Will
Schley and Horace Finley came in later. Mr
Oliver Phelps, Jr., came to call upon Grand-
mother. Grandfather made a few calls, too,
January 5. — Abbie Clark and I went up to
see Miss Emma Morse because it is her
birthday. We call her sweet Miss Emma
and we think Mr Manning Wells does, too.
We went to William Wirt Howe's lecture in
Bemis Hall this evening. He is a very smart
Anna wanted to walk down a little ways
with the girls after school so she crouched
down between Helen Coy and Hattie Paddock
and walked past the house. Grandmother
always sits in the front window, so When Anna
came in she asked her if she had to stay after
school and Anna gave her an evasive answer.
It reminds me of a story I read, of a lady who
told the servant girl if any one called to give
an evasive answer as she did not wish to
receive calls that day. By and by the door
bell rang ailci the servant went to the door.
When she came bac^ the ladv asked her how;
she dismissed the visitor. She said, ''Shure
ye towld me to g^ve an evasive answer, so
when the man asked if the lady of the house
was at home I said, * Faith ! is your grand-
mother a monkey ! '" We never say anything
like that to our "dear little lady," but we just
change the subject and divert the conversa-
tion into a more agreeable channel. To-day
someone came to see Grandmother when we
were gone ai>d told her that Anna and some
others ran away from school. Grandmother
told Anna she hoped she would never let any
one bring her such a report again. Anna said
she would not, if she could possibly help it!
I wonder who it was. Some one who believes
in the text, " Look not every man on his own
things, but every man also on the things of
others." Grandfather told us to-night that we
ought to be. very careful what we do as we are
making history each day. Anna says she shall
try not to have hers as dry as some that she
had to learn at school to-d^y.
February 9. — Dear Miss Mary Howell
was married to-day to Mr Worthington, of
February 28. — Grandfather asked me to read
Abraham Lincoln's speech aloud which he
delivered in Cooper Institute, New York, last
130 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
evening, under the auspices of the Republican
Club. He was escorted to the platform by
David Dudley Field and introduced by William
Cullen Bryant. The New York Times called
him "a noted political exhorter and Prairie
orator." It was a thrilling talk and must have
stirred men's souls.
April I. — Aunt Ann was over to see us
yesterday and she said she made a visit the
day before out at Mrs William Gbrham's.
Mrs Phelps and Miss Eliza Chapin also went
and they enjoyed talking over old times when
they were young. Maggie Gorham is going
to be married on the 25th to Mr Benedict of
New York. She always said she would not
marry a farmer and would not live in a cobble-
stone house and now she is going to do both,
for Mr Benedict has bought the farm near
theirs and it has a cobblestone house. We
have always thought her one of the jolliest
and prettiest of the older set of young ladies.
June. — Mrs Annie Granger asked Anna and
me to come over to her house and see her
baby. We were very eager to go and wanted
to hold it and carry it around the room. She
was willing but asked us if we had any pins
oh us anywhere. She said she had the nurse
sew the baby's clothes on every morning so
that if she cried she would know whether it
was pains or pins. We said we had no pins
on us, so we stayed quite a while and held
little Miss Hattie to our heart s content. She
is named for her aunt, Hattie Granger. Anna
says she thinks Miss Martha Morse will give
medals to her and Mary Daggett for being
the most meddlesome girls in school, judging
from the number of times she has spoken to
them to-day, Anna is getting to be a
regular punster, although I told her that
Blair's Rhetoric says that punning is not the
highest kind of wit. Mr Morse met us
coming from school in the rain and said it
would not hurt us as we were neither sugar
nor salt. Anna said, ** No, but we are lasses."
Grandmother has been giving us sulphur and
molasses for the purification of the blood and
we have to take it three mornings and then
skip three mornings. This morning Anna com-
menced going through some sort of gymnastics
and Grandmother asked her what she was
doing, and she said it was ber first morning
Abbie Clark had a large tea-party this
afternoon and evening — Seminary girls and a
few Academy boys. We had a fine supper
and then played games. Abbie gave us one
which is a test of memory and we tried to
learn it from her but she was the only one
who could complete it. I can write it down,
but not say it :
A good fat hen.
Two ducks and a good fat hen.
Three . plump partridges, two ducks and a
good fat hen^
Four squaking wild geese^ three plump
182 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Five hundred Limerick oysters.
Six pairs of Don Alfonso's tweezers.
Seven hundred rank and file Mac(edonian
horsemen drawn up in line of battle.
Eight cages of heliogabalus sparrow kites.
Nine sympathetica!, epithetical, categorical
Ten tentapherical tubes.
Eleven fiat bottom fly boats sailing between
Madagascar and Mount Palermo.
Twelve European dancing masters, sent to
teach the Egyptian mummies how to dance,
against Hercules' wedding day.
Abbie says it was easier to learn than the
multiplication table. They wanted some of us
to recite and Abbie Clark gave us Lowell's
poem, *' John P. Robinson, he, says the worldll
go right if he only says Gee ! " I gave another
of Lowell's poems, " The Courtin'." Julia
Phelps had her guitar with her by request and
?layed and sang for us very sweetly. Fred
larrington went home with her and Theodore
Barnum with me.
Sunday. — Frankie Richardson asked me to
go with her to teach a class in the colored
Sunday School on Chapel Street this after-
noon. I asked Grandmother if I could go
and she said she never noticed that I was
particularly interested in the colored race and
she said she thought I only wanted an excuse
to get out for a. walk Sunday afternoon. How-
ever, ^she said I could go just this once. When
we got up as far as the Academy, Mr Noah
T. Clarke's brother, who is one of the teachers,
€ame out and Frank said he led the singing
at the Sunday School and she said she would
give me an introduction to him» so he walked
up with us and home again. Grandmother
said that when she saw him opening the gate
for me, she understood my zeal in missionary
worki " The dear little lady," as we often call
her, has always been noted for her keen dis-
cernment and wonderful sagacity and ^ loses
none of it as she advances in- years. Some
one asked Anna the other day if her Grand-
mother retained all her faculties and Anna
said, *'yes, indeed, to an alarming degree."
Grandmother knows that we think she is a
perfect angel even if she does seem rather
strict sometimes. Whether we are .7 or
17 we are children to her just the same,
and the Bible says, "Children obey your
parents in the Lord for this is right" We
are glad that we never will seem old to her.
I had the same company home from church
in the evening. His home is in Naples.
Monday. — This morning the cook went to
early mass and Anna told Grandmother she
would bake the pancakes for breakfast if she
would let her put on gloves. She would not
let her, so Hannah baked the cakes. I was
invited to Mary Paul's to supper to-night
i^nd draiik the first cup of tea I ever drank
in my life. I had a very nice time and
Johnnie Paul came home with me.
Imogen Power and I went down together
1«4 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Friday afternoon to buy me a Meteorology.
We are studying that and Watts on the Mind,
instead of Philosophy.
Tuesday. — I went with Fanny Gaylord to
see Mrs Callister at the hotel to-night. She
is so interested in all that we tell her, just
like **one of the girls."
I was laughing to-day when I came in from
the street and Grandmother asked me what
amused me so. I told her that I met Mr
and Mrs Putnam on the street and she looked
so immense and he so minute I couldn't help
laughing at the contrast. Grandmother said
that size was not everything, and then she
quoted Cowper's verse :
''Were I so tall to reach the skies or grasp the ocean in
" I must be measured by my soul, the mind is the stature
of the man."
I don't believe that helps Mr Putnam out.
Friday. — We went to Monthly Concert of
prayer for Foreign Missions this evening. I
told Grandmother that I thought it was not
very interesting. Judge Taylor read the
Missionary Herald about the Madagascans
and the Senegambians and the Terra del
Fuejans and then Deacon Tyler prayed and
they sang " From Greenland's Icy Mountains "
and took up a collection and went home. She
said she was afraid I did not listen attentively.
I don't think I did strain every nerve. I
believe Grandmother will give her last cent
to Missions if the Boards get into worse
straits than they are now.
In Latin class to-day Anna translated the
phrase Deo Volente *'with violence," and
Mr Tyler, who always enjoys a joke, laughed
so, we thought he would fall out of his oiair.
He evidently thought it was the best one he
had heard lately.
November 21. — Aunt Ann gave me a sewing
bird to screw on to the table to hold my work
instead of pinning it to my knee. Grand-
mother tells us wnen we sew or read not to
get everything around us that we will want
for the next two hours because it is not healthy
to sit in one position so long. She wants us
to get up and "stir around." Anna does not
need this advice as much as I do for she is
always on what Miss Achert calls the "qui
vive." I am trying to make a sofa pillow out
of little pieces of silk. Aunt Ann taught me
how. You have to cut pieces of paper into
octagonal shape and cover them with silk and
then sew them together, over and over. They
are beautiful, with bright colors^ when they
are done. There was a hop at the hotel last
night and some of the girls went and had an
elegant time. Mr Hiram Metcalf came here
thi^ morning to have Grandmother sign some
papers. He always looks very dignified, and
Anna and I call him "the deed man." We
tried to hear what he said to Grandmother
after she signed her name but we only heard
196 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMEBICA
something about " fear or compulsion " and
Grandmother said "yes." It seems very
mysterious. Grand fatner took us down street
to-day to see the new Star Building. It was
the Town House and he bought it and got
Mr Warren Stoddard of Hopewell to super-
intend cutting it in two and moving the parts
separately to Coach Street. When it was
completed ^ the shout went up from the crowd,
" Hurrah for Thomas Beals, the preserver of
the' old Court House." No one but Grand-
father thought it could be done.
December. — I went with the girls to the
lake to skate this afternoon. Mr Johnson,
the colored barber, is the best skater in town.
He can skate forwards and backwards and
cut all sorts of curlicues, although he is such
a heavy man. He is going to Liberia and
there his skates won't do him any good. I
wish he would give them to me and also his
skill to use them. Someone asked me to sit
down after I got home and I said I preferred
to stand, as I had been sitting down all the
afternoon! Gus Coleman took a load of us
sleighriding this evening. Of course he had
Clara Willson sit on the front seat with him
and help him drive.
Thursday. — We had a special meeting of
our society this evening at Mary Wheeler's
and invited the gentlemen and had charades
and general good time. Mr Gillette and
Horace Finley made a great deal of fun for
us. We initiated Mr Gillette into the Dbrcas
Society, which consists in seating the candidate
in a chair and propounding some very solemn
questions and then in token of desire to join
the society, you ask him to open his mouth
very wide for a piece of cake which you
swallow, yourself, instead! Very disappoint-
ing to the new member!
We went to a concert at the Seminary this
evening. Miss MoUie Bull sang "Coming
Through the Rye " and Miss Lizzie Bull siang
"Annie Laurie** and "Auld Lang Syne.*'
Jennie Lind, herself, could not have don^
Christmas. — We all went to Aunt Mary
Carr*s to dinner excepting Grandmother, and
in the evening we went to see some tableaux
at Dr Cook's and Dr Chapin's at the asylum.
We were very much pleased with the enter-
tainment. Between the acts Mr del iPratt,
one of the patients, said every time, "What
next!" which made every one laugh.
Grandfather was requested to add his picture
to the gallery of portraits of eminent men for
the Court Room, so he has had it painted.
An artist by the name of Green, who lives
in town, has finished it after numerous sittings
and brought it up for our approval. We like
it but we do not think it is as good lopking
as he is. No one could really satisfy us
probably, so we may as well try to be suited.
I aslced Grandmother if Mr Clarke could
take Sunday night supper with us and she
188 VILLAGiE LIFE IN AMERICA
said she was afraid he did not know the
catechism. I asked him Friday night and
he said he would learn it on Saturday so that
* he could answer every third question any way.
So he did and got along very well. I think
he deserved a pretty good supper.
March 4, 1861. — President Lincoln was
inaug urated \ to-day.
March 5. — I read the inaugural address
aloud to Grandfather this evening. He dwelt
with such pathos upon the duty that all, both
North and South, owe to the Union, it does
not seem as though there could be war !
April. — We seem to have come to a sad,
sad time. The Bible says, " A man's worst
foes are those of his own household." The
whole United States has been like one great
household for many years. *' United we stand,
divided we fall ! " has been our watchword, but.
some who should have been its best friends
have proven false and broken the bond. Men
are taking sides, some for the North, some for
the South. Hot words and fierce looks have
followed, and there has been a storm in the air
for a long time.
April 15. — The storm has broken upon us.
The Confederates fired on Fort Sumter, just off
the coast of South Carolina, and forced her on
April 14 to haul down the flag and surrender.
140 VILLAGE LIFE tS AMERICA
President Lincoln has issued a call for 75,000
men and many are volunteering to go all
around us. How strange and awful it seems.
May, 1 86 1. — Many of the young men are
going from Canandaigua and all the neighbor-
ing towns. It seems very patriotic and grand
when they are singing, *' It is sweet, Oh, 'tis
sweet, for one's country to die," and we hear
the martial music and see the flags flying and
see the recruiting tents on the square and meet
men in uniform at every turn and see train
loads of the boys in blue going to the front,
. but it will not seem so grand if we hear they
are dead on the battlefield, far from home.
A lot of us girls went down to the train and
took flowers to the soldiers as they were pass-
ing through and they cut buttons from their
coats and g^ve to us as souvenirs. We have
flags on our paper and envelopes, and have all
our stationery bordered with red, white and
blue. We wear little flag pins for badges and
tie our hair with red, white and blue ribbon and
have pins and earrings made of thie buttons the
soldiers gave us. We are going to spw for
them in our society and get the garments all^
cut from the older ladies society. They work'
every day in one of the rooms of the court
house and cut put garments and make them
and scrape lint and roll up bandages. They
say they will provide us with all the garments
we will make. We are going to write notes
and enclose them in the garments to cheer up
the soldier boys. It does not seem now as
though I could give up any one who belonged
to me. The gins in our society say that if any
of the members do send a* soldier to the war
they shall h^ve a flag bed quilt, made by the
society, and have the girls' names on the
May 20. — I recited " Scott and the Veteran "
to-day at school, and Mary Field recited, " To
Drum Beat and Heart Beat a Soldier Marches
By ; " Anna recited " The Virginia Mother."
Everyone learns war poems now - a »- days.
There was a patriotic rally in Bemis Hall last
night and a quartette sang, **The Sword of a
Bunker Hill " and '* Dixie " and " John Brown's
Body lies a Mouldering in the Grave," and
many other patriotic songs: We have one
West Point cadet, Albert M. Murray, who is
in the thick of the fight, and Charles S. Coy
represents Canandaigua in the navy.
June^ 1 86 1. — At the anniversary exercises,
Revl Samuel M. Hopkins of Auburn gave the
address. I have graduated from Ontario
Female Seminary after a five years course and
had the honor of receiving a diploma from the
courtly hands of General John A. Granger.
I am going to have it framed and handed down
to my grandchildren as a memento, not exactly
of sleepless nights and midnight vigils, but of
rising betimes, at what Anna calls the crack of
dawn. She likes that expression better than
daybreak. I heard her reciting in the back
chamber one morning about 4 o'clock and
142 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
listened at the door. She was saying in the
most nonchalknt manner : " Science and litera-
ture in England were fast losing all traces of
originality, invention was discouraged, research
unvalued and the examination of nature pro-
scribed. It seemed to be generally supposed
that the treasure accumulated in the preced-
ing ages was quite sufficient for all national
purposes and that the only duty which authors
nad to perform was to reproduce what had thus
been accumulated, adorned with all the graces
of polished style. Tameness and monotony
naturally result from a slavish adherence to all
arbitrary rules and every branch of literature
felt this blighting influence. History, perhaps,
was in some degree an exception, for Hume,
Robertson and more especially Gibbon, ex-
hibited a spirit of original investigation which
found no parallel among their contemporaries."
I looked in and asked her where her book was,
and she said she left it down stairs. She has
"got it" all right, I am sure. We helped
decorate the seminary chapel for two days.
Our motto was, " Still achieving, still pursuing."
Miss Guernsey made most of the letters and
Mr Chubbuck put them up and he hung all
the paintings. It was a very warm week.
General Granger had to use his palm leaf fan
all the time, as well as the rest of us. There
were six in our class, Mary Field, Lucy
Petherick, Kate Lilly, Sarah Clay, Abby Scott
and myself Abbie Clark would have been in
the class, but she went to Pittsfield, Mass.;
instead. General Granger said to each one
of us> ''It gives me great pleasure to present
you with this diploma," and when he gave Miss
Scott hers, as she is from Alabama, he said he
wished it might be as a flag of truce between
the North and the South, and thjs sentiment
was loudly cheered. General Granger looked
so handsome wit;h his black dress suit and
ruffled shirt front and all the natural grace
which belongs to him. The sheepskin has a
picture of the Seminary on it and this inscrip-
tion : "The Trustees and Faculty of the
Ontario Female Seminary hereby certify that
r. has completed the course of study pre-
scribed in this Institution, maintained the
requisite scholarship and commendable deport-
ment and is therefore admitted to the graduating
honors of this Institution. President of Board,
John A. Granger; Benjamin F. Richards,
Edward G. Tyler, Principals." Mr Morse
wrote something for the paper :
" To the Editor ol the Repository :
" Dear Sir — ^June roses, eta, make our loveliest of
villages a paradise this week. The constellations
are all glorious and the stars of earth far outshine
those of the heavens. The lake shore, ' Lovers' Lane,'
' Glen Kitty ' and the ' Points ' are full of romance
and romancers. The yellow moon and the blue
waters and the darl^ green shores and the petri-
fied , Indians, whispering stony words at the foot
of Genundewah, and Squaw Island sitting on the
waves, like an enchanted grove, and 'Whalesback'
all humped up in the East and 'Devil's Lookout'
rising over all, made the ' Sleeping Beauty ' a silver
sea of witchery and love ; and in the! cottages and
144 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
palaces we ate the ambrpsia and drank the nectar
of the dweet goddesses of this new and golden
*' I may as well say to you, Mr Editor, that
the Ontario Female Seminary plosed yesterday
and 'Yours truly' was present at commencement.
Being a bachelor I shall plead guilty and appeal
to the mercy of the Court, if indicted for undue
prejudice in favor of the charming young orators.
After the report of the Examining Committee, in
which the scholarship of the young ladies was not
too highly praised, came the Latin Salutatory by
Miss Clay, a most beautiful and elegant production
(that sentence, sir, applies ''to both salutatory and
salutatorian). The 'Shadows We Cast,' by Miss
Field, carried us far into the beautiful fields of
nature and art and we saw the dark, or the brilliant
shades, which our lives will cast, upon society and
history. Then 'Tongues in Trees* began to whisper
most bewitchingly, and 'Books in the Running
Brooks * were opened, and ' Sermons in Stones ' were
preached by Miss Richards, and this old bachelor
thought if all trees would talk so well, and eyery
brook would babble so musically, and each precious
stone would exhort so brilliantly, as they were
made to do by the 'enchantress,' angels and
dreams would henceforth be of little consequence;
and whether the orator should be called 'Tree
of Beauty,* 'Minnehaha' or the 'Kohinoor' is a
"In the evening Mr Hardick, 'our own,' who^
hand never touches the piano without making
delicious music, and Misses Daggett and Wilson,
also 'our own,' and the musical pupils of the
Institution, gave a concert * The Young Volunteer'
was imperatively demanded, and this for the third
time during the anniversary exercises, and was sung
amid thunders of applause, ' Star of the South,' Miss
Stella Scott, shining, meanwhile in all her radiant
beauty. May her ; glorious light soon rest on a
Union that shall never more be broken.— -Soberly
A Very Old Bach£ix>r."
June, 1 86 1. — There was a patriotic rally this
afternoon on the campus of Cananda^gua
Academy and we Seminary gfirls went They
raised a flag on the Academy building.
General Granger presided, Dr Coleman led
the choir and they sang " The Star Spangled
Banner." Mr Noah T. Clarke made a stirring
speech and Mr Gideon Granger, James C.
Smith and E. M. Morse followed. Can-
, andaigua has already raised over $7,cxx^ for
the war. Capt. Barry drills the Academy
beys in military tactics on the campus every
day. Men are constantly enlisting, Lester
P. Thompson, son of "Father Thompson,"
among the others.
A young man asked Anna to take a drive
to-day, but Grandmother was not willing at
first to let her go. She finally gave her con-
sent, after Anna's plea that he was so young
and his horse was so gentle. Just as they
were ready to start, I heard Anna run
upstairs and I heard him say, "What an
Anna!" I asked her afterwards what she
went for and she said she remembered that
she had left the soap in the water.
.y»«^.-T-James writes that he has seen the
Prince of Wale^ in New York. He was up
on the roof of the Continental Fire Insurance
building, out on the cornice, and looked down
146 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
on the procession. Afterwards there was a
reception for the Prince at the University. Law
School and James saw him close by. He says
he has a very pleasant youthful face. There
was a ball given for him one evening in the
Academy of Music and there were 3,000
present. The ladies who danced with him
will never forget it. They say that he enters
into every diversion which is offered to him
with the greatest tact and good nature, and
when he visited Mount Vernon he showed
great reverence for the memory of George
Washington. He attended a literary enter-
tainment in Boston, where Longfellow, Holmes,
Emerson, Thoreau, and other Americans of
distinction were presented to him. He will
always be a favourite in America.
June. — Dr Daggets war sermon from the
146th Psalm was wonderful.
December i. — Dr Carr is dead. He had a
stroke of paralysis two weeks ago and for several
days he has been unconscious. The choir of
our church, of which he was leader for so long,
and sonie of the young people came and stood
around his bed and sang, "Jesus, Lover of
My Soul." They did not know whether he
was conscious or not, but they thought so
because the tears ran down his cheeks from
his closed eyelids, though he could not speak
or move. The funeral was from the church
and Dr Daggett's text was, "The Beloved
January 26. — We went to the Baptist
Church this evening to hear Rev. A. H. Lung
preach his last sermon before going into the
February 17. — Glorious news from the war
to-day. Fort Donelson is taken with 1,500
rebels. The right and the North will surely
February 21. — Our society met at Fanny
Palmer's wis afternoon. I went but did not
stay to tea as we were going to Madame Anna
Bishop's concert in the evening. The concert
was very, very good. Her voice has great
scope and she was dressed in the latest stage
costume, but it took so much material for her
skirt that there was hardly any left for the
Washington s Birthday. — Patriotic services
were held in the Congregational Church this
morning. Madame Anna Bishop sang, and
National songs were sung. Hon. James C.
Smith read Wsishington's Farewell Address.
In the afternoon a party of twenty-two, young
and old, took a ride in the Seminary boat and
14^ VILLAGE LIFE IN ABOEUCA
went to Mr Paton's on the lake shore road.
We carried flags and made it a patriotic
occasion. I sat next to Spencer F. Lincobi,
a young man from Naples who is studyiiig
law in Mr Henry Chesebro's office. I never
met him before but he told mie he had made
up his mind to go to the war. It is wonderful
that young men who have brilliant prospects
before them at home, will offer themselveis
upon the altar of their country. I have some
new patriotic stationery. There is a picture
of the flag on the envelope and underneath,
^' If any one attempts to haul down the
American Flag shoot him on the spot —
John A. Dix."
Sunday, February 23. — Everybody came out
to church this morning, expecting to hear
Madame Anna Bishop sing. She was not
there, and an "agent" made a "statement"
The audience did not appear particularly
March 4. — John B. Gough lectured in Bemis
Hall last night and was entertained by Governor
Clark. I told Grandfather that I had an invita-
tion to the lecture and he asked me who from.
I told him from Mr Noah T. Clarke's brother.
He did not make the least objection and I was
awfully glad, because he has asked me to the
whole course. Wendell Phillips and Hpristce
Greeley, E. H, Chapin and John G. Saxe and
Bayard Taylor are expected.* John B. Qough's
lecture was fine. He can make an audience
laugh as much by wagging his coattail^ as
some men can by talking an hour.
March 26. ^ — I have been up at Laura
Chapin's from 10 o'clock in the morning u^til
10 at night, finishing Jennie Howell's bed
quilt» as she is to be married very soon.
Almost all of the girls were there. We
finished it at 8 p.m. and when we took it
off the frames we gave three cheers. Some
of the youth of the village came up to inspect
our handiwork and see us home. Before we
went Julia Phelps sang and played on the
guitar and Captain Barry also sang and we
all sang together, " O ! Columbia, the gem of
the ocean, three cheers for the red, white
June 19. — Our cousin, Ann Eliza Field, was
married to-day to. George B. Bates at her
home on Gibson Street. We went and had
an elegant time. Charlie Wheeler made great
fun and threw the final shower of rice as they
June. — There was great excitement in
prayer meeting last night, it seemed to Abbie
Clark, Mary Field and me on the back seat
where we alws^ys sit. Several people have
asked us why .we sit away back there by
old Mrs Kinney, but we tell them that she
sits on the other side of the stOve from us
and we like the seat, because we have occupied
it so long, i presume we would see less and
150 VILLAGE LIFE IN ABIERICA
hear more if we sat in froiit To-night just
after Mr Walter Hubbell had made one of his
most beautiful prayers and Mr Cyrus Dixon
was praying, a big June bug came zipping
into the room and snapped against the wau
and the lights and barely escaped several bald
heads. Anna kept dodging around in a most
startling manner and I expected every moment
to ;5ee her walk out and take Emma Wheeler
with her, for if she is afraid of anything more
than dogs it is June bugs. At this crisis the
bug flew out and a cat stealthily walked in.
We knew that dear Mrs Taylor was always
unpleasantly affected by the sight of cats and
we didn't know what would happen if the cat
should go near her. The cat very innocently
ascended the steps to the desk and as Judge
and Mrs Taylor always sit on the front seat,
she couldn't help observing the ambitious
animal as it started to assist Dr Dagget in
conducting the meeting. The result was that
Mrs Taylor just managed to reach the outside
door before fainting away. We were glad
when the benediction was pronounced.
June. — Anna and I had a serenade last night
from the Academy Glee Club, I think, as their
voices sounded familiar. We were awakened
by the music, about ii P.M., quite suddenly
and I thought I would step across the hsdl
to the front chamber for a match to light the
candle. I was only half awake, however, and
lost my bearings and stepped off the stairs
and rolled or slid tp the bottom* The stairs
are winding, so I must have performed two
or three revolutions before 1 reached my
destination. I jumped up and ran back and
found Anna sitting up in bed, laughing. She
asked me where I nad been and said if I
had only told her where I was going she
would have gone for tke. We decided not
to strike a light, but just listen to the singing.
Anna said she was glad that the leading tenor
did not know how quickly I "tumbled" to the
words of his song, *• O come my love and be
my own, nor longer let me dwell alone," for
she thought he would be too much flattered.
Grandfather came into the hall and asked if
any bones were broken and if he should send
for a doctor. We told him we guessed not,
we thought we would be all right in the
morning. He thought it was Anna who fell
down stairs, as he is never looking for such
exploits in me. We girls received some verses
from the Academy boys, written by Greig
Mulligan, under the assumed name of Simon
Snooks. The subject was, ''The Poor Un-
fortunate Academy Boys." We have answered
them and now I fear Mrs Grundy will see them
and imagine something serious is going on.
But she is mistaken and will find, at the end
of the session, our hearts are still in our own
When we were down at Sucker Brook the
other afternoon we were watching the water
and one of the girls said, "How nice it would
be if our lives could run along as smoothly
as this stream." I said I thought it would
15S VILLAGE tIFE IN AMERICA
be too monotonous. Laura Chapin sakl she
supposed I would rather have an '^eddy*' iii
We went to the examination at the Academy
to-day and to the gymnasium exercises after-
wards. Mr Noah T. Clarke's brother leads
them and they do ^ome great feats with their
rings and swings and weights and ladders.
We girls can do a few in the bowling alley
at the Seminary.
June. — I visited Eureka Lawrence in
Syracuse and we attended commencement at
Hamilton College, Clintoh, and saw there,
James Tunnicliff and Stewart Ellsworth of
Penn Yan. I also saw Darius Sackett there
among the students and also became acquainted
with a very interesting young man from
Syracuse, with the classic name of Horace
Publius Virgilius Bogue. Both of these young
men are studying for the ministry. I also saw
Henry P. Cook, who used to be one of the
Academy boys, and Morris Brown, of Penn
Yan. They talk of leaving college and goinjg
to the war and so does Darius Sackett.
July, i862.----The President has called for
300,000 more brave men to fill up the ranks
of the fallen. We hear eyery day of more
friends and acquaintances who have volunteered
August 20. — The 126th Regiment, jqst
organized, was mustered into service at Camp
Swift, Geneva. Those that I know who
belong to it are Cplonel E. S. Sherrill
Lieutenant Colonel James M* Bull, Captain
Charles A. Richardson, Captaia Charles M.
Wheeler, Captain Ten Eyck Muhson, Captain
Orin G. Herendeen, Surgeon Dr Charles S.
Hoyt, Hospital Steward Henry T. Antes,
First Lieutenant Charies Gage, Second
Lieutenant Spencer F. Lincoln, First Sergeant
Morris Brown, Corporal Hollister N. Grimes,
Privates^ Darius Sackett, Henry Willson, Oliver
Castle, William Lamport.
Dr Hoyt wrote home, *' God bless the dear
ones we leave behind; and while you try to
perform the duties you owe to each other,
we will try to perform ours."
We saw by the papers that the volunteers
of the regiment before leaving camp at Geneva
allotted over $15,000 of their monthly pay to
their families and friends at home. One
soldier , sent this telegi;am to his wife, as the
regiment started for the front : " God bless
you. Hail Columbia. Kiss the baby. Write
soon." A volume jn ten words.
AugTisi. — The New York State S. S. con-
vention }s convened here and the meetings
are most interesting. They were held in our
church and lasted three days. A Mr Hart,
from New York, led the singing and Mr Ralph
Wells was Moderator. Mr Noah T. Clarke
was in his element all through the meetings.
Mr Pardee gave some fine blackboard exercises.
During the last afternoon Mr Tousley was
154 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
wheeled into the church, in his invalid chair,
and said a few words, which thrilled every
one. So much tenderness, mingled with his
old time enthusiasm and love for the cause.
It is the last time probably that his voice
will ever be heard in public. They closed
the grand meeting with the hymn beginning :
'' Blest be the tie that binds
Our hearts in Christian love.''
In returning thanks to the people of Canan-
daigua for their generous entertainment, Mr
Halph Wells facetiously said that the cost of
the convention must mean something to
Canandaigua people, for the cook in one home
was heard to say, "These religiouses do eat
awful ! "
September 1 3. — Darius Sackett was wounded
by a musket shot in the leg, at Maryland
Heights, Va., and in consequence is discharged
from the service.
September. — Edgar A. Griswold of Naples
is recruiting a company here for the 148th
Regiment, of which he is captain. Hiram
P. Brown, Henry S. Murray and Charles H.
Paddock are officers in the company. Dr
Elnathan W. Simmons is surgeon.
September 22. — I read aloud to Grandfather
this evening the Emancipation Proclamation
issued as a war measure by President Lincoln,
to take eiBfect January i, liberating over three
million slaves. He recommends to all thus set
free, to labor faithfully for reasonable wages
and to abstain from all violence, unless in
necessary self-defense, and he invokes upon
this act " the considerate judgment of mankind
and the gracious favor of Almighty God."
November 21. — This is my twentieth birth-
day. Anna wanted to write a poem for the
occasion and this morning she handed me
what she called "An effort." She said she
wrestled with it all night long and could not
sleep and this was the result:
'' One hundred years from now, Caxrie, dear.
In all probability you'll not be here ;
But we'll all be in the same boat, too.
And therell be no one left
To say boo hoo ! "
Grandfather gave me for a present a set
of books called ''Irving's Catechisms on
Ancient Greeks and Romans." They are
four little books bound in leather, which were
presented to our mother for a prize. It is
thus inscribed on the front page, ''Miss
Elizabeth Beals at a public examination of
the Female Boarding School in East Bloom-
field, October 15, 1825, was judged to excel
the school in Reading. In testimony of which
she receives this Premium from her affectionate
instructress, S. Adams.''
I cannot imagine Grandmother sending us
away to boarding school, but I suppose she
had so many children then, she could spare
156 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
one or two as well as tiot. She says they
sent Aunt Ann to Miss Willard's school at
Troy. I received a birthday letter from Mrs
Beaumont to-day. She wants to know how
everything goes at the Seminaiy and if Anna
still occupies the front seat in the school room
most of the time. She says she sttpposes she
is quite a sedate young lady now but she
hopes there is a whole lot of the old Anna
left. I think there is.
December. — Hon. William H. Lamport went
down to Virginia to see his son and found
that he had just died in the hospital from
measles and pneumonia. Their only son,
only eighteen years old!
January.— GrdLTidmother went to Aurjt Mary
Carr's to tea tOriiight, very much to our
surprise, for she seldom goes anywhere. Anna
said she was going to keep house exactly as
Grandmother did, so after supper she took a
little hot water in a basin on a tray and got
the tea-towels and washed the silver and best
china but she let the ivory handles on the
knives and forks get wet, so I presume they
will all turn black. Grandmother never lets
her little nice things go out into the kitchen,
so probably that is the reason that everything
is forty years bid and yet as good as new.
She let us have the Young Ladies' Aid Society
here to supper because I am President. She
came into the parlor and looked at our basket
of work, which the older ladies cut out for
as to make for the soldiers. She had the
supper table set the whole length of the
dining room and let us preside at the table.
Anna made the .£irl$ laugh so, they could
hardly eat, althou^ they said eveiy thing was
splendid. They said they never ate better
biscuit, preserves, or fruit cake and the coffee
was delicious. After it was over, the "dear
little lady'*^ sai4 she hpped w^ had a good
168 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
time. After the g^irls were gone Grandmother
wanted to look over the garments and see
how much we had accomplished and if we
had made them well. Mary Field made a
pair of drawers with No. 90 thread She
said she wanted them to look fine and I am
sure they did. Most of us wrote notes and
put inside the garments for the soldiers in
Sarah Gibson Howell has had an answer
to her letter. His name is Foster — a Major.
She expects him to come and see her soon.
AH the girls wear newspaper bustles to
school now and Anna's rattled to-day and
Emma Wheeler heard it and said, "What's
the news, Anna?" They both laughed out
loud and found that ''the latest news from
the front" was that Miss Morse kept them
both after school and they had to copy
Dictionary for an hour. War prices are
terrible. I paid $3.50 to-day for a hoop
February. — The members of our society
sympathized with General McClellan when
he was criticised by some and we wrote him
the following letter:
''Canandaigua, ^4;^. 13, 1^3.
"Maj. Gen. Geo. McClellan :
" Will you pardon any seeming impropriety in our
addressing you, and attribute it to the impulsive
love and admiration of hearts which see in you, the
bravest and noblest defender of our Union. We
cannot resist the impulse to tell you, be our words
ever so feeble, bow our love and trust bave followed
you from Rich Mountain to Antietam; tbrougb all
slanderous attacks of traitorous politicians and
fanatical defamers — how we bave admired/ not less
thai! your calm courage on the battlefield, your lofty
scorn of those who remained at home in the base
endeavor to strip from your brow the hard earned
laurels placed there by a grateful country : to tell
further^ that in your forced retirement from battle-
fields of the Republic's peril, you have * but changed
your country's arms for more, — your country's
heart,' — and to assure you that so long as our
country remains to us a sacred name and our flag
a holy emblem, so long shall we cherish your memory
as the defender and protector of both. We are an
association whose object it is to aid, in the only way
in which woman, alas! can aid our brothers in the
field. Our sympathies are with them in the cause
for which they have perilled all — our hearts are
with them in the prayer, that ere long their beloved
commander may be restored to them, and that once
more as of old he may lead them to victory in the
sacred name of the Union and Constitution.
''With united prayers that the Father of all may
have you and yours e^ver in His holy keeping, we
remain yotir. devoted partisans."
Sign^ by a large number.
The following in reply was addressed to
the lady whose name was first signed to the
" Nbw Youc, Fa. 21, 1863.
'' Madam — I take great pleasure in acknowledging
the receipt of the very kind letter of the 13th inst,
from yourself and your friends. Will yoii do me
the favor to 9ay to them how much I . thank them
180 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
for it, and that I am at a loss to express my gratitude
for the pleasant and cheering terms in wluck it is
couched. Such sentiments on the pSLtt of those whdse
brothers have served with me in the field are more
grateful to me than anything else ban be. I feel
far more than rewarded by them for all I have tried
to accomplish. — I am, Madam, with the most sincere
respect and friendship, yours very truly,
"ijEO. B. McClellan."
May. — A number of the teachers and pvtpils
of the Academy have enlisted for the war.
Among them E. C. Clarke, H. C. Kirk,
A. T. Wilder, Norman K. Martin, T. C.
Parkhurst, Mr Gates. They have a tent on
the square and are enlisting men in Canandaigua
and vicinity for the 4th N. Y. Heavy Artillery.
I received a letter from Mr Noah T. Clarke's
mother in Naples. She had already sent
three sons, Bela, William and Joseph, to the
war and she is very sad because her youngest
has now enlisted. She says she feels es did
Jacob of old when he said, " I am bereaved
of my children. Joseph is not and Simeon
is not and now vou will take Benjamin away.*'
I have heard that she is a beautiful singer
but she says she cannot sing any more until
this cruel war is over. I wish that I could
write something to comfort her but I feel as
Mrs Browning puts it: "If you want a
song for your Italy free, let none look at
Our society met at Fannie Pierce's this after-
noon. Her mother is an invalid and never
gets out at all, but she is very much interested
in the soldiers and in all young people, ajid
' Ipves to have us come in and see her and we
love to go. She enters into the plans of all
of us young girls and has a personal interest
in us. We had a very good time to - night
and Laura Chapin was more full of fun than
usual. Once there was silence for a minute
or two and some one said, ''awful pause."
Laura said, ''I guess you would have awful
paws if you worked as hard as I do." We
were talking about how many of us girls would
be entitled to flag bed quilts, and according
to the rules, they said that, up to date, Abbie
Clark and I were the only ones^ The explana-
tion is that Captain George N. Williams and
Lieutenant E. C. Clarke, are enlisted in their
country's service. Susie Daggett is Secretary
and Treasurer of the Society and she reported
that in one year's time we made in our society
133 pairs of drawers, loi shirts, 4 pairs socks
for soldiers, and 54 garments for the families
Abbie Clark and I had our ambrotypes
taken to-day for two young braves who are
going to the war. William H. Adams is also
commissioned Captain and is going to the
July 4. — The terrible battle of Gettysburg
brings to Canandaigua sad news of our soldier
boys of the 126th Regiment. Colonel Sherrill
was instantly killed, . also Captains Wheeler
and Herendeen, Henry Willson and Henry
P. Cook. Captain Richardson was wounded.
162 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
July 26. — Charlie Wheeler was buried with
military honors from the Congregational church
to-day. Two companies of the 54th New
York State National Guard attended the
funeral, and the church was packed, galleries
and all. It was the saddest funeral and the
only one of a soldief that I ever attended.
I hope it will be the last. He was killed at
Gettysburg, July 3, by a sharpshooters bullet.
He was a very bright young man, graduate of
Yale college and was practicing law. He was
captain of Company K, 126th N. Y. Volunteers.
I have copied an extract from Mr Morse's
lecture, "You and I :" "And who has for-
gotten that gifted youth, who fell on the
memorable field of Gettysburg .'^ To win a
noble name, to save a beloved country, he
took his place beneath the dear old flag, and
while cannon thundered and sabers clashed
and the stars of the old Union shone above
his head he went down in the shock of battle
and left us desolate, a name to love and a
glory to endure. And as we solemnly know,
as by the old charter of liberty we most
sacredly swear, he was truly and faithfully and
Of all our friends the noblest.
The choicest and the purest,
The nearest and the dearest.
In the field at Gettysburg.
Of all jthe heroes bravest,
Of soul the brightest, whitest,
Of all the warriors greatest,
Shot dead at Gettysburg.
And where the fight was thickest,
And where the smoke was blackest,
And where the fire was hottest.
On the fields of Gettysburg,
There flashed his steel the brightest,
There blazed his eyes the fiercest,
There flowed his blood the reddest
On the field of Gettysburg.
O wailing winds of heaven !
O weeping dew of evening !
O music of the waters
That flow, at Gettysburg,
Mourn tenderly the hero,
The rare and glorious hero,
The loved and peerless hero,
^N^o died at Gettysburg.
Hb turf shall be the greenest.
His roses bloom the sweetest,
His willow droop the saddest
Of all at Gettysburg.
His memory live the freshest,
His fame be cherished longest.
Of all' the holy warriors,
Who fell at Gettysburg.
These were patriots, these were our jewels.
When shall we see their like again ? And of
every soldier who has fallen in this war his
friends may write just as lovingly as you and
I may do of those to whom I pay my feeble
August, 1863. — The U. S. Sanitary Com-
mission has been organised. Canandaigua
sent Dr W. Fitch Cheney to Gettysbqrg with
supplies for the sick ^d wounded and he took
seven assistants with him. Home bounty was
1«4 VILLAGE UFB IN AMERICA
brought to the tents and put into th;s hands of
the wounded soldiers. A blessed work.
August 1 2.--^Lucilla Field was married in
our church to-day to Rev. S. W. Pratt. I
always thought she was cut out for a minister's
wife. Jennie Draper cried herself sick because
Lucilla, her Sunday School teacher, is going
October 8. — News came to-day of the death
of Lieutenant Hiram Brown. He died of
fever at Portsmouth, only little more than a
year after he went away.
November i. — The 4th New York Heavy
Artillery is stationed at Fort Hamilton, N. Y.
harbour. Uncle Edward has invited me down
to New York to spend a month! Very oppor-
tune! Grandfather says that I can go and
Miss Rosewame is beginning a new dress for
November 6. — We were saddened to-day by
news of the death of Augustus Torrey Wilder
in the hospital at Fort Ethan Allen.
November g. — No. 6^ E. 19th Street, New
York City. Grandfather and I came from>
Canandaigua yesterday. He is at Gramercy
Park Hotel. We were met by a military
escort of "one" at Albany apd consequently
came through mpre safely, I suppose. James
met us at 42d Street Grand Central Station.
He lives at Uncle Edward's ; attends to all df
his legal business and is his confidential clerk.
I like it very much here. They are very
stylish and grand but I don't mind that. Aunt
Emily is reserved and dignified but very kind.
People do not pour their tea or coffee into
their Saucers any more to cool it, but drink it
from the cup, and you must mind and not
leave your teaspoon in your cup. I notice
everything and am very particular. Mr Morris
K. Jessup lives right across the street and I
see him every day, as he is a friend of Uncle
Edward. Grandfather has gone back home
ana left me in charge of friends " a la militaire "
and others. ^
November 15. — "We" went out to Fo/t
Hamilton to-day and are going to Blackwell's
Island to-morrow and to many other places of
interest down the Bay. Soldiers are every-
where and I feel quite important, walking
around in company with blue coat and brass
buttons — very becoming style of dress for men
and the military salute at every turn is what
one reads about.
Sunday. — Went to Broadway Tabernacle to
church to-day and heard Rev. Joseph P.
Thompson preach. Abbie Clark is visiting
her sister, Mrs Fred Thompson, and sat a
few seats ahead of us in church. She tyrned
around and saw us. We also saw Henrietta
Francis Talcott, who was a '* Seminary girl."
She wants me to come to see her in her New
106 VILLAGE LIFE JN AMERICA
November 1 9, — ^We wish we were at Gettys-
burg to-day to hear President Lincoln's and
Edward Everett's addresses at the dedication
of the National Cemetery. We will read them
in to-morrow's papers, but it will not be like
hearing them. — Author^ s Note^ 191 1.
Forty -eight years have elapsed isince
Lincoln's speech was delivered at the dedica-
tion of the Soldier's Cemetery at Gettysburg.
So eloquent and remarkable was his utterance
that I believe I am correct in stating that every
word spoken has. now been translated into all
known languages and is regarded as one of
the World Classics. The same may be said of
Lincoln's letter to the mother of five sons lost
in battle. I make no apology for inserting in
this place both the speech and the letter. Mr
Whitelaw Reid, the American Ambassador to
Great Britain, in an address on Lincoln
delivered at the University of Birmingham in
December, 1910, remarked in reference to this
letter, "What classic author in our common
English tongue has surpassed that ? " and next
may I ask, " What English or American orator
has on a similar occasion surpassed this address
on the battlefield of Gettysburg ? "
" Four score and seven years ago, our fathers
brought forth on this continent a new nation
conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition
that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged
in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or
any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long
endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that
war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that
field as a final resting place for those who gave their
lives that that nation might live. It is altogether
fitting and proper that we should d6 this. But in a
larger sense we cannot dedicate — we cannot
consecrate — we cannot hallow this ground. The
brave men, living and dead, who struggled here have
consecrated it far above our poor power to add or
detract The world will little note, nor long
remember, what we say here — ^but it can never forget
what th^ did here. It is for us, the living, rather,
to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which
they who fought here have thus far so nobly
advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to
the great task remaining before us — that from these
honoured dead we take increased devotion to that
cause for which they gave the last full measure of
devotion — that we here highly resolve, that these
dead shall not have died in vain — ^that this nation
under God shall have a new birth of freedom — and
that government of the people, by the people and for
the people, shall not perish from the earth."
It was during the dark days of the war that
he wrote this simple letter of sympathy to a
bereaved mother: —
" I have been shown, in the files of the War
Department, a statement that you are the mother of
five sons who have died gloriously on the field of
battle. I feel how weak and fruitless must be any
words of mine which should attempt to beguile you
from your grief for a loss so overwhelming, but I
cannot refrain from tendering to you the consolation
which may be found in the thanks of the Republic
they died to save. I pray that our Heavenly Father
may assuage the anguish of your bereavement, and
leave you only the cherished memory of the loved and
lost, and the solemn pride that must be yours, to have
laid so. costly a sacrifice upon the altar of Freedom."
168 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Nautmber 21.*— Abbie Clark and her oousia
Cora came to call and invited me and her
soldier cousin to come to dinner to-night, at
Mrs Thompson's. He will be here this after-
noon and. I will give him the invitation.
James is asked for the evening.
November 22. — ^We had a delightful visit
Mr Thompson took us up into his den and
showed us curios from all over the world and
as many pictures as we would find in an art
Friday. — Last evening Uncle Edward took
a party of us, including Abbie Clark, to
WsJlack's Theater to see "Rosedale," which
is having a great run. I enjoyed it and told
James it was the best play I ever ''heard."
He said I must not say that I '* heard " a play.
I ''saw" it I stand corrected.
I told James that I heard of a young girl
whp went abroad and on her return someone
asked her if she saw King Lear and she said,
no, he was sick all the time she was there ! I
just loved the play last night and la,ughed and
cried in turn, it seemed so real. I don't know
what Grandmother will say, but I wrot^ her
about it and said, "When you are with the
Romans, you must do as the Romans do." I
presume she will say " that is not the way you
were brought up."
December 7. — The 4th New York Heavy
Artillery has orders to move to Fort Ethan
AUen, near Washington, and I have orders to
return to Canand^igua. I have enjoyed the
five weeks very much and as " the soldier *'
was on parole most of the time I have seen
much of interest in the city. Uncle Edward
says that he has lived here forty years but has
never visited some of the places that we have
seen, so he told me when I mentioned climbing
to the top of Trinity steeple.
Canandaigua, December 8. — Home again.
I had military attendance as far as Paterson,
N. J.» and came the rest of the way with
strangers. Not caring to talk I liked it just
as well. When I said good bye I could not
help wondering whether it was for years, or
forever. This cruel war is terrible and precious
lives are being sacrificed and hearts broken
every day. What is to be the result? We
can only trust and wait.
Christmas Eve ^ 1863. — Sarah Gibson Howell
was married to Major Foster this evening.
She invited all the society and many others.
It was a beautiful wedding and we all enjoyed
it. Some time ago I asked her to write in my
album and she sewed a lock of her black curling
hair on the page and in the center of it wrote,
" Forget not Gippie."
December 3 1 . — Our brother John was married
in Boston to-day to Laura Arnold, a lovely girl.
April I. — Grandfather had decided to go to
New York to attend the fair given by the
Sanitary Conjmission, and he is taking two
immense books, which are more than one
hundred years old, to present to the Com-
mission, for the benefit of the war fund.
April 1 8. — Grandfather returned home to-
day, unexpectedly to us. I knew he was sick
when I met him at the door. He had traveled
all night alone from New York, although he
said that a stranger, a fellow passenger, from
Ann Arbor, Mich., on the train noticed that
he was suffering and was very kind to him.
He said he fell in his room at Gramercy Park
Hotel, in the night, and his knee was very
painful. We sent for old Dr Cheney and he
said the hurt was a serious one and needed
most careful attention. I was invited to a
spelling school at Abbie Clark's in the evening
and Grandmother said that she and Anna
would take care of Grandfather till I got back,
and theii I could sit up by him the rest of the
night. We spelled down and had quite a
merry time. Major C. S. Aldrich had escaped
from prison and was there. He came home
with me, as my soldier is down in Virginia.
April 19. — Grandfather is much worse. He
was delirious all night. We have sent for Dr
Rosewame in counsel and Mrs Lightfoote has
9jCome to stay with us all the time and we have
sent for Aunt Glorianna.
April 20. — Grandfather dictated a letter
to-night to a friend of his in New York. After
I had finished he asked me if I had mended
his gloves. I said no, but I would have them
ready when he wanted them. Dear Grand-
father! he looks so sick I fear he will never
wear his gloves again.
May 16. — I have not written in my diary for
a month and it has been the saddest month of
my life. Dear, dear Grandfather is dead. He
was buried May 2, just two weeks from the
day that he returned from New York. We
did everything for him that could be done, but
at the end of the first week the doctors saw
that he was beyond all human aid. Uncle
Thomas told the doctors that they must tell
him. He was much surprised but received the
verdict calmly. He said "he had no notes out
and perhaps it was the best time to go." He
had taught us how to live and he seemed
determined to show us how a Christian should
die. He said he wanted "grandmother and
the children to come to him and have all the
rest remain outside." When we came into the
ropm he said to grandmother, " Dp you know
what the doctors say ? " She bowed her head,
and then he motioned for her to come on one
17f VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
and Anna and me on tbe other and kneel
lyy his bedside. He placed a hand upon us
and upon her and said to her, "All the rest
seem very much excited, but you and I must
be compo^sed/' Then he ask^ us to say the
23d Psalm, " The Lord is my Shepherd," and
then all of us said the Lord's Prayer together
after Grandmother had offered a little prayer
for grace and strength in this trying hour.
Then he said, '* Grandmother, you must take
care of the g^rls, and, g^rls, you must take care
of Grandmother." We felt as though out
hearts would break and were sure we never
could be happy again. During the next few
days he often spoke of dying and of what we
must do when he was gone. Once when I
was sitting by him he looked up and smiled
and said, " You will lose all your roses watch-
ing over me." A good many business men
came in to see him to receive his parting
blessing. The two McKechnie brothers,
Alexander and James, came in together on
their way home from church the Sunday before
he died. Dr Daggett came very often. Mr
Alexander Howell and Mrs Worthington
He lived until Saturday, the 30th, and in
the morning he said, "Open the door wide."
We did so and he said, "Let the King of
Glory enter in." Very soon after he said,
" I am going home to Paradise," and then
sank into that sleep which on this earth kiiows
no waking. I sat by the window near his
bed and watched the rain beat into the grass
and saw the peonies and crocuses and daffodils
beginning to come up out of the ground and
I thought to myself, I shall never see the
flowers come up again without thinking of
these sad, sad days. He was buried Monday
afternoon, May 2, from the Congregationsil
church, and Dr Daggett preached a sermon
from a favorite text of Grandfather'^, *' I shall
die in my nest." James and John came
and as we stood with dear Grandmother
and all the others around his open g^ave
and heard Dr Daggett say in his beautiful
sympathetic voice, " Earth to earth, ashes
to ashes, dust to dust," we felt that we
were losing our best friend; but he told us
that we must live for Grandmother and so
The next Sabbath, Anna and I were called
out of church by a messenger, who said that
Grandmother was taken suddenly ill and was
dying. When we reached the house attendants
were all about her administering restoratives,
but told us she wais rapidly sinking. I asked
if I might speak to her and Ivas reluctantly
permitted, as they thought best not to disturb
her. I sat down by her and with tearful
voice said, "Grandmother, don't you know
that Grandfather said we were to care for you
and you were to care for us and if you die
we cannot do as Grandfather said.^" She
opened her eyes and looked at me and said
quietly, ** Dry your eyes, child, I shall not
die to^d^y or to-morrow." She seems well
174 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Inscribed in tny diary :
''They are passing away, they are passing away*
Not only the young» bat the aged and grey.
Their places are vacant, no longer we see
The arm chair in waiting, as it used to be.
The hat and the coat are removed from the nail.
Where for years they have hung, every day without faiL
The shoes and the slippers are needed no more.
Nor kept ready waiting, as they were of yore^
The desk which he stood at in manhood's fresh prime, '
Which now shows the marks of the finger of time.
The bright well worn keys, which were childhood's delight
Unlocking the treasures kept hidden from sight
These now are mementoes of him who has passed.
Who stands there no longer, as we saw him last.
Other hands turn the keys, as he did, before,
Other eyes will his secrets, if any, explore.
The step once elastic, but feeble of late.
No longer we watch for through door way or gate.
Though often we turn, half expecting to see.
The loved one approaching, but ah ! 'tis not he.
We miss him at aU times, at mom when we ipeet,
For the social repast, there is one vacant seat
At noon, and at night, at the hour of prayer.
Our hearts fill with sadness,, one voice is riot there.
Yet not without hope his departure we mourn,
In faith and in trust, all our sorrows are borne.
Borne iupward to Him who in kindness and love
Sends earthly afflictions to draw us above.
Thus hoping and trusting, rejoicing, well go,
Both upward and onward, through weal and through woe
'Till all of life's changes and conflicts are past
Beyond the dark river, to meet him at last."
Thomas Beals died in Canandaigua, N. Y.
on Saturday, April 30th, 1864, ^^ ^^^ ^^^^
year of his age* Mr Beals was bom in Boston,
Mass., November 13, 1783.
He came to this village in October, 1803,
only 14 years after the first settlement of the
place. He was married in March, 1805, to
Abigail Field, sister of the first pastor of the
Congp-egational church here. Her family, in
several of its branches, have since been distin-
guished in the ministry, the legal profession,
and in commercial enterprise.
Living to a good old age, and well known
as one of our most wealthy and respected
citizens, Mr Beals is another added to the
many ex^^mples of successful men who, by
energy and industry, have made their own
On coming to this village, he was teacher
in the Academy for a time> and afterward
entered into mercantile business, in which he
had his share of vicissitude. When the Ontario
Savings Bank was established, 1832, he became
the Treasurer, and managed it successfully till
the institution ceased, in 1835, with his with-
drawal. In the meantime he conducted^ also,
a banking business of his own, and this was
continued until a week previous to his death,
when he formally withdrew, though for the
last five years devolving its more active duties
upon his son.
As a banker, his sagacity and fidelity won
for him the confidence and respect of all classes
of persons in this community. The business
portion of our village is very much indebted
to his enterprise for the eligible structures he
built that nave more than made good the
lojsses sustained by fires. More uian fifty
176 VILIlAGE UFB IN AMERICA
years ago he was actively concerned in the
building of the Congregational church, and
also superintended the erection of the county
jail and almshouse ; for many years a trustee
of Canandaigua Academy, and trustee and
treasurer of the Congregational church. At
the time of his death he and his wife, who
survives him, were the oldest members of the
church, having united with it in 1807, only
eight years after its organisation. Until
hindered by the infirmities of age, he was
a constant attendant of its services and ever
devoudy maintained the worship of God in his
family. No person has been more generally
known among all classes of our citizens.
Whether at home or abroad he could not fail
to be remarked for his gravity and dignity.
His character was original, independent, and
his manners remarkable for a dignuied courtesy.
Our citizens were familiar with his brief,
emphatic answers with the wave of his hand.
He was fond of books, a great reader, col-
lected a valuable number of volumes, and was
happy in the use of language both in writing
and conversation. In many unusual ways he
often showed his kind consideration for iht
poor and afflicted, and many persons hearing
of his death gratefully recollect instances, hot
known to others, of his seasonable kindness
to them in trouble. In his charities he often
studied concealment as carefully as others court
display. His marked individuality of cbarr
acter and deportment, together with his shrewd
discernment and active habits, could not fail
to /leave a distinct impression on the minds
For more than sixty years he transacted
business in one place here, and his long life
thus teaches more than one generation the
value of sobriety, diligence, fidelity and use-
In his last illness he reniarked tp a friend
that he always loved Canandaig^a ; had done
several things for its prosperity, and had
intended to do more. He had known his
measure of affliction ; Only four of eleven
children survive him, but children and children's
children ministered to the comfort of his last
days. Notwithstanding his years and infirmi-
ties, he was able to visit New York, returning
April 1 8th quite unwell, but not immediately
expecting a fatal termination. As the final
event drew near, lie seemed happily prepared
to meet it. He conversed freely with his
friends and neighbors in a softened and
benignant spirit, at once receiviiig and impart-
ing benedictions. His end seemed to reialise
his favorite citation from Job: ''I shall die
in my nest."
His funeral was attended on Monday in the
Congregational church by a, large assembly,
Dr Daggett, the paistor, officiating on the
occasion — Written by Dr O. E. Daggett
Mc^. — The 4th New York Heavy Artillery is
having hard times in the Virginia mud and rain.
They are near Culpepper. It is such a change
178 VILLAGE LIFE W AMERICA
from their snug winter quarters at Fort Ethan
Allen, There are 2,800 men in the Regiment
and 1,206 are isick. Dr Charles S. Hoyt of the
126th, which is camping dose by, has come to
the help of these new recruits so kindly as to
win every heart, quite in contrast to the heart-
lessness of their own surgeons. They will
always love hini for this. It is just like
/une 22. — Captain Morris Brown, of Penn
Yan, was killed to-day by a musket shot in the
head, while commanding the regiment before
/une 23, 1864. — Anna graduated last
Thursday, June 16, and was valedictorian
of her class. There were eleven girls in
the class, Ritie Tyler, Mary Antes, Jennie
Robinson, Hattie Paddock, Lillie Masters,
Abbie Hills, Miss McNair, Miss Pardee suid
Miss Palmer, Miss Jasper and Anna. The
subject of her essay was "The Last Time."
I will copy an account of the exercises as
they appeared in this week s village paper.
Every one thinks it was written by Mr E.
• A Word From An Old Man
" Mr Editor :
^' Less than a century ago I was traveling thrpugh
this endianted region and accidehtatly heard that
it was coitimencemeht week at the seminary. ;'I
went My -venerable appearance 'seemed to com-
mand respect and I received many scttentions. I
presented my snowy head and patriarchal beard at
the doors of the sacred institution and was admitted.
I heard all the classes, primary, secondary, tertiary,
et cetera. All went merry as a marriage bell.
Thursday was the great day. I made vast prepara-
tion. I rose early, dressed with much care. I
afTectionately pressed the hands of my two land-
lords and left When I arrived at the seminary I
saw at a glance that it was a place where true merit
was appreciated. I was invited to a seat among the
dignitaries, but declined. I am a modest man, I
always was. I recognized the benign Principals
of the school. You can find no better principles in
the states than in Ontario Female Seminary. After
the report of the committee a very lovely young lady
arose and saluted us in Latin. I looked very wise, I
always do. So did everybody. We all understood
it. As she proceeded, I thought the grand old
Roman tongue had never sounded so musically and
when she pronounced the decree, *' Richmond dUenda
est," we all hoped it might be prophetic. Then
followed the essays of the other young ladies and
then every one waited anxiously for "The L^t
Time.'' At last it came. The story was beautifully
tQld, the adieux were tenderly spoken. We saw the
withered flowers of early years scattered along the
academic ways, and the golden fruit of scholarly culture
ripening in the gardens of the future. Enchanted by
the sorrowful eloquence, bewildered by the melancholy
brilliancy, I sent a rosebud to the charming valedic-
torian and wandered out into the grounds. I went
to the concert in the evening and was pleased and
delighted. So was everybody. I shall return next
year unless the gout carries me off. I hope I
shall hear just such beautiful music, see just such
beautiful faces and dine at the earner excel
^ « * 4 I * .>
180 VILLAGE UFE IN AMERICA
Anna closed her valedictory with these
" May we meet at oile gate when all's over ;
The ways they^are many and wide,
And seldom are two ways the same ;
Side by side may we stand
At the same little door when all's done.
The ways they are many,
The end it is one."
July lo. — We have had word of the death
of Spencer F. Lincoln. One more brave
August.— rllht New York State S. S. Con-
vention was held in Buffalo and among others
Fanny Gaylord, Mary Field and myself
attended. We had a fine time and were
entertained at the home of Mr and Mrs
Sexton. Her mother is living with her, a
dear old lady who was Judge At water's
daughter and used to go to school to Grand-
father Beals. We went with other delegates
on an excursion to Niagara Falls and went
into the express office at the R. R. station
to see Grant Schley, who is express agent there.
He said it seemed good to see so many home
September i. — My war letters come from
Georgetown Hospital now. Mr Noah T.
Clarke is very anxious a^id sends telegrams
to Andrew Chesebrb every day to go and
see his brother.
September 30. — To-day the ** Benjamin" of
the family reached home under the care of Dr
J. Byron Hayes, who was sent to Washington
after him, I went over to Mr Noah T.
Clarke's to see him and found him just a
shadow of his former self. However, "hope
springs eternal in the human breast " and he
says he knows he will soon be well again. This
is his thirtieth birthday and it is glorious that
he can spend it at home.
October i. — Mr Noah T. Clarke accom-
panied his brother to-day to the old home
in Naples and found two other spldier
brothers, William and Joseph, had just arrived
x)n leave of absence from the army so the
mother's heart sang " Praise God from whom
all blessings flow." The fourth brother
has also returned to his home in Illinois,
November. — They are holding Union Revival
Services in town now. One evangelist from
out of town said he would call personally at
the homes and ask if all were Christians.
Anna told Grandmother if he came here she
should tell him about her. Grandmother said
we must each give an account for ourselves.
Anna said she should tell him about her little
Grandmother anyway. We saw him coming
up the walk about 1 1 a.m. and Anna went to
tne door and asked him in. They sat down m
the parlor and he remarked about the pleasant
weather and Canandaigua such a beautuul town
and the people sp cultured. She said yes, she
found the town every way desirable and the
Itt VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
people pleasant, though she had heard it
remarked that strangers found it hard to get
acquainted and that you had to have a resi-
dence above the R. R. track and give a satis-
factory answer as to who your Grandfather
was, before admittance was granted to the
best society. He said he had been kindly
received everywhere. She said "everybody
likes ministers." (He was quite handsome
and young.) He asked her how long she
had lived here and she told him nearly all of
her brief existence ! She said if he had asked
her how old she was she would have told him
she was so young that Will Adams last May
was appointed her g^uardian. He asked how
many there were in the family and she said her
Grandmother, her sister and herself. He said,
" They are Christians, I suppose." " Yes," she
said, **my sister is a S. S. teacher and my
Grandmother was bom a Christian, about 80
years ago." " Indeed," he said. " I would
like to see her." Anna said she would have
to be excused as she seldom saw company.
When he arose to go he said, "My dear
young lady, I trust that you are a Christian."
" Mercy yes," she said, "years ago." He said
he was very glad and hoped she would let her
light shine. She said that was what she always
tried to do and bade him good morning. She
told Grandmother she presumed he would say
"he had not found so great faith, no not in
We have Teachers' meetings now and Mrs
George Wilson leads and instructs us on the
Sunday School lesson for the following Sunday.
We met at Mrs Worthington's this evening.
I think Mrs Wilson knows Barnes notes and
the Westminster Catechism and the Bible
from beginning to end. ''
March 5. — I have just read President
Lincoln's second inaug^ural address. It only
takes five minutes to read it but» oh, how
much it contains.
The tender words with which President
Lincoln closed this inaugural address were
as follows: —
" If we shall suppose that American slaviery is one
of those offences which in the Providence of God
must needd come, but which having continued
through the appointed time, He now wills tp remove,
and th&t He gives to both North and South this
terrible war, as the woe due to those by whom the
offence came, shall we discern therein any departure
from those divine attributes which the believers in a
living God always ascribe to Him? Fondly do we
hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge
of war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills
that it continue until all the wealth piled by the
bondsmen's two hundred and fifty years of unrequited
toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood
drawn with the lash shall be paid with another
drawn by the sword, as was said three thousand years
ago, so stiU it must be said, ' The judgments of the
Lord are true and righteous altogether.'
" With malice toward none, with charity for all ;
with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the
right — ^let us strive on to finish the work we are in ;
to bind up the nation's wounds ; to care for him who
shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his
orphan — to do all which may achieve and cherish a
just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all
March 20. — Hardly a day passes that we
do not hear news of Union victories^ Every-
one predicts that the war is nearly at an end.
March 29. — An officer arrived here from the
front yesterday and he said that, on Saturday
morning, shortly after the battle commenced
which resulted so gloriously for the Union in
front of Petersburg, President Lincoln, accom-
panied by General Grant and staff, started for
the battlefield, and reached there in time to
witness the close of the contest and the bring-
ing in of the prisoners. His presence was
immediately recognized and created the most
intense enthusiasm. He afterwards rode over
the battlefield, listened to the report of General
Parke to General Grant, and added his thanks
for the great service rendered in checking the
onslaught of the Rebels and in capturing so
many of their number. I read this morning
the order of Secretary Stanton for the flag
raising- on Fort Sumter. It reads thus :
"War department, Adjutant General's office,
AVashingrton, March 27^1, 1865, General orders
No. 50. . Ordered, first : That at the hour of
noon, on the 14th day of April, 1865, Brevet
Major General Aderson will raise and plant
upon the ruins of Fort . $umter, in Charleston
186 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
Harbor, the same U.S. flag which floated over
the battlements of this fort during the rebel
assault, and which was lowered and saluted by
him and the small force of his command when
the works were evacuated on the 14th day of
April 1 86 1 . Second, That the flag, when raised
be saluted by 100 g^ns from Fort Sumter and
by a national salute from every fort and rebel
battery that fired upon Fort Sumter. Third,
That suitable ceremonies be had upon the
occasion, under the direction of Major-General
William T. Sherman, whose military operations
compelled the rebels to evacuate Charleston,
or, in his absence, under the charge of Major-
General Q. A. Gillmore, commanding the
department. Among the ceremonies will be
the delivery of a public address by the Rev.
Henry Ward Beecher. Fourth, that the naval
forces at Charleston and their Commander on
that station be invitejd to participate in the
ceremonies of the occasion. By order of the
President of the United States E. M. Stanton,
Secretary of War."
Aprils 1865. — What a month this has been.
On the 6th of April Governor Fenton issued
this proclamation : " Richmond has fallen.
The wicked men who governed the so-called
Confederate States have fled their capital,
shorn of their power and influence. The
rebel armies have been defeated^ broken and
scattered. Victory everywhere attends our
banners and our armies, and we are rapidly
moving to the closing scenes of the war.
Through the self-sacrifice and heroic devotion
of our soldiers, the life of the republic has
been saved and the American Union pre-
served. I, Reuben E. Fenton, Governor of
the State o( New York, do designate Friday,
the 14th of April, the day appointed for the
ceremony of raising the United States flag
on Fort Sumter, as a day of thanksgiving,
prayer and praise to Almighty God, for the
signal blessings we have received at His
Saturday, April 8. — The cannon has fired
a salute of 36 guns to celebrate the fall of
Richmond. This evening there were fire-
works, illuminations and bonfires.
Sunday y April 9. — The Te Deum was sung
at church this morning.
Monday^ April 10. — Bells have rung all
day since the news came of Lee's surrender.
Everybody is wild with excitement. The
stores were closed and prayers offered and
addresses given on the square. A procession
of men, women and children paraded the
streets. Some of our most staid and dignified
citizens were on a dray ringing bells, waving
hats and giving vent to their enthusiasm in
most unheard of ways. In the evening there
was a grand illumination. A transparency in
the porch of the Congregational church
brougbt out " Hallelujah " in brightest light.
On the 14th of April, this day appointed
186 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
for thanksgiving for Union victories, our dear
president, Abraham Lincoln, was assassinated.
The news came on Saturday morning,
April 1 5. — I have felt sick over it all day and
so has every one that I have seen. All ^eem
to feel as though they had lost a personal
friend, and tears flow plenteously. How soon
has sorrow followed upon the heels of joy!
One week agb to-night we were celebratini
our victories with loud acclamations of mirtl
and good cheer. Now every one is silent
and sad and the earth and heavens seem
clothed in sack-cloth. The bells have been
tolling this afternoon. The flags are all at
half mast, draped with mourning, an<| on every
store and dwelling - house some sign of the
nation's loss is visible. Just after breakfast
this morning, I looked out of the window and
saw a group of men listening to the reading of
a mornmg paper, and I feared from their silent,
motionless interest that something dreadful
had happened, but I was not prepared to hear
of the cowardly murder of our President. And
William H. Seward, too, I suppose cannot sur-
vive his wounds. Oh, how horrible it is! I
went down town shortly after I heard the news^
and it was wonderful to see the effect of the
intelligence upon everybody, small or great,
rich or poor. Every one was talking low,
with sad and anxious looks. But we know
that God still reigns and will do what is best
for us all. Perhaps we're "putting our trust
too much in princes," forgetting the Great
Ruler, who alone can create or destroy, and
dlerefore .He has taken from us the arm of
flesh that we may lean more confidingly and
entirely upon Him. I trust that the men who
committed these foul deeds will soon be brought
Sunday, Easter Day, April i6. — I went to
church this morning. The pulpit and choir
were covered with flags festooned with crape.
Although a very disagreeable day, the house
was well filled. The first hymn sung was
" Oh God our help in ages past, our hope
for years to come." Dr Daggett's prayer, I
can never forget, he alluded so beautifully to
the nation's loss, and prayed so fervently that
the God of our fathers might still be our God,
through every calamity or affliction, however
severe or mysterious. All seemed as deeply
affected as though each one had been suddenly
bereft of their best friend. The hymn sung
after the prayer, commenced with **Yes, the
Redeemer rose." Dr Daggett said that he had
intended to preach a sermon upon the resur-
rection. He read the psalm beginning, *' Lord
thou hast been our dwelling-place in all genera-
tions." His text was " That our faith and hope
might be in God." He commenced by saying,
" I feel as you feel tliis morning : our sad hearts
have all throbbed in unison since yesterday
morning when the telegram announced to us
Abraham Lincoln is shot." He said the last
week would neyer be forgotten, for never had
any of us seen 'one come in with so much joy,
that went out with so mpch sorrow. His whole
190 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
sermon related to the President's life and death,
and, in conclusion, he exhorted us not to be
despondent, for he was confident that the ship
of state would not go down, though the helms-
man had suddenly been taken away while the
promised land was almost in view. He prayed
for our new President, that he might be filled
with grace and power from on High, to perform
his high and holy trust. On Thursday we are
to have a union meeting in our church, but
it will not be the day of general rejoicing
and thanksgiving we expected. All noisy
demonstrations will be omitted. In Sunday
school the desk was draped with mourning,
and the flag at half-mast was also festooned
with crape. Mr Noah T. Clarke opened the
exercises with the hymn " He leadeth me,''
followed by ** Though the days are dark with
sorrow.'* *'We know not what's before us,"
** My days are gliding swiftly by." Then, Mr
Clarke said that we always meant to sing
"America," after every victory, and last
Monday he was wondering if we would not
have to sing it twice to-day, or add another
verse, but our feelings have changed since then.
Nevertheless he thought we had better sing
'* America," for we certainly ought to love our
country more than ever, now that another, and
such another, martyr, had given up his life for it.
So we sang it. : Then he talked to the children
and said that last Friday was supposed to be th^
anniversary of the day upon wnich our Lord
was crucified, and though, at the time the dread-
ful deed was committed, every one felt the day
to be the darkest one the earth ever knew ;
yet since then, the day has been called '* Good
Friday," for it was the death of Christ, which
gave life everlasting to all the people. So
he thought that life would soon come out of
darkness, which now overshadows us all, and
that the death of Abraham Lincoln might
yet prove the nation's life in God's own most
Wednesday evening, April 19, 1865. — This
being the day set for the funeral of Abraham
Lincoln at Washington, it was decided to hold
the service to-day, instead of Thursday, as
previously announced in the Congregational
church. All places of business were closed
and the bells of the village churches tolled
from half past ten till eleven o'clock. It is the
fourth anniversary of the first bloodshed of the
war at Baltimore. It was said to-day, that
while the services were being held in the
White House and Lincoln's body lay in state
under the dome of the capitol, that more than
twenty-five millions of people all over the
civilised world were gathered in their churches
weeping over the death of the martyred Presi-
dent. We met at our church at half after ten
o'clock this morning. The bells tolled until
eleven o'clock^ when the services commenced.
The church was beautifully decorated ' with
flags and black and white cloth, -wreaths,
mottoes and flowers, the galleries and al^I.
The whole effect was finei ' The)re! • Was a
shield '-beneiatli the ^trch df th^ ■ ptiJpit Svith
192 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
this text upon it : '* The memory of the just
is blessed ' It was beautiful. Under the
choir • loft the picture of Abraham Lincoln
hung amid the flags and drapery. The motto,
beneath the gallery, was this text : " Know ye
that the Lord he is God." The four pastors
of the place walked in together and took seats
upon the platform, which was constructed for
the occasion. The choir chanted *' Lord, Thou
has been our dwelling-place in all genera-
tions," and then the Episcopal rector, Rev.
Mr Leffingrwell, read from the psalter, and
Rev. Dr Daggett followed with prayer. Judge
Taylor was then called upon for a short address,
and he spoke well, as he always does. The
choir sang '*God is our refuge and our
May ID. — Jeff Davis was captured to-day at
Irwinsville, Ga., when he was attempting to
escape in woman's apparel. Mr Green drew
a picture of him, and Mr Finley made photo-
graphs from it. We bought one as a souvenir
of the war.
The big headlines in the papers this morn-
ing say, '* The hunt is up. He brandisheth a
bowie-knife but yieldeth to six solid arguments.
At Irwinsville, Ga., about daylight on the loth
instant, Col. Prichard, commanding the 4th
Michigan Cavalry, captured Jeff Davis, family
and staff. They will be forwarded under
strong guard without delay." The flags have
been flying all day, and every one is about
as pleased over the manner of his capture as
over the fact itself. Lieutenant Hathaway,
one of the ^taff, is >a friend of Mr Manning
Wells, and he was pretty sure he would follow
Davis, so we were not surprised to see his
name among the captured. Mr Wells says
he is as fine a horseman as he ever saw.
M(J^ 25.-— I wish that I could have been in
Washington this week, to have witnessed the
grand review of Meade's and Sherman's armies.
The newspaper accounts are most thrilling.
The review commenced on Tuesday morning
and lasted two days. It took over six hours for
Meade's army to pass the grand stand, which
was erected in front of^the President's house.
It was witnessed by the President, Generals
Grant, Meade, and Snerman, Secretairy Stanton,
and many others in high authority. At ten
o'clock, Wednesday morning, Sherman's army
commenced to pass in review. His men did
not show the sig^s of hsirdship and suffering
which marked the appearance of the Army
of the Potomac. The scenes enacted were
historic and wonderful. Flags were flying
everywhere, and windows, doorsteps and side-
walks were crowded with people, eager to get
a view of the grand armies. The city was
as full of strangers, who had come to see
the sight, as on Inauguration Day. Very soon,
all that are left of the companies, who went
from here, will be marching home, " with glad
and gallant tread/'
February 13. — Our brother James was
married to-day to Louise Livingston James
of New York City.
February 20, 1866. — Our society is going
to hold a fair for the Freedmen, in the Town
Hall. Susie Daggett and I have been there
all day to see about the tables and stoves.
We got Mrs Binks to come and help us.
February 21. — Been at the hall all day,
trimming the room. Mr Thompson and Mr
Backu3 came down and if they had not helped
us we would not have done much. Mr Backus
put up all the principal drapery and made it
February 22. — At the hall all day. The
fair opened at 2 p.m. We had quite a crowd
in the evening and took in over three hundred
dollars. Charlie Hills and Ellsworth Paggett
stayed there all night to take care of the hall.
We had a fish pond, a grab bag and a post-
office. Anna says they had all the smart
people in the post-office to write the letters,
— Mr Morse, Miss Achert, Albert Granger
and herself. Some one asked Albert Giranger
if his law business was good and he said one
man thronged into his office one day.
February 23. — ^We took in two hundred
dollars to-day at the fair. We wound up
with an auction. We asked Mrs Geoi^e
Wtllson if she could not write a poem express-
ing our thanks to Mr Backus and she steppcki
aside for abotit five minutes and handed us
Che foUdwing lines which we sent to him.
We think it is about the nicest thing in the
** Id ancient time the God of Wine
They crowned with vintage of the vine.
And sung his praise with song and glee
And all their best of minstrelsy.
The> Backus whom we honor now
Would scorn to wreathe his generous brow
With hea:then emblems — ^better he
will love bur gratitude to se6
Expressed in all the happy faices
Assembled in these.pleasantplac.es.
May joy attend his footsteps here
And crown him in a brighter sphere.''
February 24. — Susie Daggett' and I went
to the hall this morning to cle^n up! We
sent back the dishes, not one broken, and.
disposed of everything but the tables and
stoves, which were to be taken away tihis
afternoon. We feel quite ^tisfied with the
receipts so far, but the expenses will be
In Qutario County Times of the foUowii^
week we find this card of thanks :
196 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
February 28, — The Fair for the benefit of
the Freedmen, held in the Town Hall on
Thursday and Friday of last week was emin-
ently successful, and the young ladies take
this method of returning their sincere thanks
to the people of Canandaigua and vicinity
for their generous contributions and liberal
patronage. It being the first public enterprise
in which the Society has ventured indepeiiid-
eiidy» the young ladies, were somewhat fearful
of tne result, but having met with such generous
responses from every quarter they feel assured
that they need never again doubt of success
in any similar attempt so long as Canandaigua
contains so many large hearts and correspond-
ing purses. But .our village cannot have all, the
piraise this time. The Society is particularly
indebted to Mr F. F. Thompson and Mr S.
D. Backus of New York City, for their very
substantial aid, not only in gifts and unstinted
patronage, but for their invaluable labor in
the decoration of the hall and conduct of the
Fair. But for them most of the manual
labor would have fallen upon the ladies.
The thanks of the Society are especially due,
also, to those ladies who assisted persotfially
with their superior knowledge and older experi-
ence. Also to Mr W- P* Fiske for his valuable
services as cashier, and to Messrs Daggett,
Chapin and Hills for services at the door;
and to all the little boys and girb who
helped in so many ways.
The receipts amounted to about $490, and
thanks to our cashier, the money is all good.
and will soon be on its way carrying substantial
visions of something to eat and to wear to
at least a few of the poOr Freedmen of the
By order of Society,
Carrie C. Richards, Prest.
Emma H. Wheeler, Sec'y.
Mr Editor — ^I expected to see an account of the
Yoang Ladies^' Fair in your last number, but only
saw a very handsome acknowledgment by the ladies
to the citizens. Your ^ local '* must have been absent ;
and I beg the privil^e in behalf of myself and many
others of doing tardy justice to the successful efforts
of the Aid Society at their debut February 22nd.
Grotham furnished an artist sind an architect, and
the Society did the rest. The d^orations were in
excellent taste, and so were the young ladies. The
eatables were very toothsome. I'he skating pond
was never in better condition. On entering the
hall I paused fir^t before the table of toys, fancy
work and perfumery. Here was the President, and
I hope I shall be pardoned for saying that no
President since the days of Washington can compare
with the President of this Society. Then I visited
a candy table, and hesitated a long time before
deciding which I would rath^ eat, the delicacies
that were sold, or the charming creatures who sold
them. One delicious moirsel, in a pink silk, was so
tempting that I seriously contemplated eating her
with a spoon — waterfall and all. [By the way, how
do we know that the Romans wore waterfalls?
Because Marc Antony, in his funeral oration on
Mr Caesar, exclaimed, *' O water fall was there, my
couptrymen I '*] At this point my attention was
attracted by a fish pond. I tried my luck, caught
a whale, and seeing all my friends beginning to
19S VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
blubber, I determined to visit the old woman who
lived in a shoe. — ^She was very glad to se^ me.
I bought one of her children, which the Society
can redeem for $i,ooo in smoking caps.
The fried oysters were delicious; a great many
of the bivalves got into a stew, and I helped several
of them out Delicate ice cream, nicely ** baked in
cowld ovens," was destroyed in immense quantities.
I scream when I remember the plates full I devoured,
and the number of bright women to whom I paid
my devours. Beautiful cigar girls sold fragrant
Havanas, and bit off the ends at five centd apiece,
extra. The fair post-mistress and her fair clerks,
so fair that they were almost fairies, drove a very
It was altogether a '^g^reat moral show." — Let
no man say hereafter that the young ladies of
Canandaigua are uneducated in all that makes women
lovely and useful Anna Dickinson has no mission
to this town. The members of this Society have
won the admiration of all their friends, and especially
of the most devote of their servants. Q. E. D.
if I had written that article, I should have
given the praise to Susie Daggett, for it
belongs to her.
Sunday, June 24. ^— My Sunday School
scholars are learning the shorter Catelthism.
One recited thirty-five answers to questions
to-day, another twenty -six, another twenty,
the others eleven. Very well indeed. They
do not see why it is called the ''shorter**
Catechism! They all had their ambrotypes
taken with me yesterday at Finley's — Mary
Hoyt, Fannie and Ella Lyon, Ella Wood,
pii^ \7^xi Tyne, Mary Vanderbrook, Jennie
Whitlaw and Katie Neu. They are all going
to dress in white and sit on die froQt seat
in church at my wedding! Grandmother had
Mrs Gooding make individual fruit cakes for
each of them and also some for e^^ch member
of our sewing society.
Thursday, June 21.— We went to a lawn
fete at Mrs F. F. Thompson's this afternoon.
It was a beautiful sight. The flowers^ the
grounds, the young people and the music all
combined to make the occasion perfect.
Canandaigua is the summer home of Mrs Thompson,
who has previously given the village a children's play-
ground, a swimming school,, a hospital and a home
for the aged, and &s year (191 1) has presented a
park at a beauty spot at foot of Canandaigua Lak^
June 28. — Dear Abbie Clark and Captain
Williams were married in the Congregational
church this evening. The church was trimmed
beautifully and Abbie looked sweet. We
attended the reception afterwards at her house.
'* May calm and sunshine hallow their clasped
July 15, 1866. — The girls of the society
have sent me my flag bed quilt, which they
have just finished. It was hard work quilting
such hot days but it is done beautifully. Bessie
Seymour wrote the names on the stars. In
the center they used six stars for ** Three
SOO VILLAGE UFE IN AMERICA
rousing cheers for the Union." The names
on the others are Sarah McCabe, Mary
Paul, Fannie Paul, Fannie Palmer, Nettie
Palmer, Susie Daggett, Fannie Pierce, Sarah
Andrews, Lottie Clark, Abbie Williams, Carrie
Lamport, Isadore Blodget^, Nannie Corson,
Laura Chapin, Mary r. Fiske, Lucilla F.
Pratt, Jennie H. Hazard, Sarah H. Foster,
Mary Jewett, Mary C, Stevens, Etta Smith,
Cornelia Richards, Ella Hildreth, Emma
Wheeler, ^fary Wheeler, Mrs Pierce, Alice
Jewett, Bessie Seymour, Clara Coleman, Julia
Phelps. It kept the girls busy to get Abbie
Clark's quilt and mine finished within one
month. They hope that the rest of the girls
will postpone their nuptials till there is a
change in the weather. Mercury stands 9P
degree in the shade.
JtUy 19, 1866. — Our wedding day. We saw
the dear little Grandmother, God bless her,
watching us from the window as we drove
Alexandria Bay, July 26. — Anna writes me
that Charlie Wells said he had always wanted
a set of Clark's Commentaries, but I had
carried off the entire Ed.
July 28. — As we were changing boats at
Burlington, Vt, for Saratoga, to our surprise,
we met Captain and Abbie Williams, but could
only stop a moment.
Saratoga, 29/A. — We heard Rev. Theodore
Cuyler preach to-day from the text, '* Demas
ham forsaken me, having loved this present
world" He leads devotional exercises every
morning in the parlors of the Columbian
Hotel. I spoke to him this morning and he
saicTmy Caither was one of his best and earliest
Canandaigua, S^tember i. — ^A party of us
went down to the Canandaigua hotel this
morning to see President Johnson, General
Grant and Admiral Farragut and other digni-
taries. The train stopped about half an hour
and they all gav^ brief speeches.
S^tember 2. — Rev. Darius Sackett preached
for Dr Daggett this evening.
July 27, 1867. — Col. James M. Bull was
buiried from the home of Mr Alexander
Howell to-day, as none of his family reside
November 13, 1867. — Our brother John and
wife and baby Pearl have gone to London,
England, to live.
December 28, 1867. — A large party of
Canandaiguans went over to Rodiester last
evening to hear Charles Dickens' lecture, and
enjoyed it more than I can possibly express.
H.e was quite hoarse and had small bills dis-
tot VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
tribated through the Opera house widi die
MR CHARLES DICKENS
Begi indtdgoice tot a Severe OM, but hojpts Hs
effects inej not be very peraeptiUe after a fievr
Mdaj, Dweaber 27th, 1807.
We brought these notices home with us for
souvenirs* He looks exactly like his pictures.
It was worth a great deal just to look upon
the man who wrote Litde Dorrit, David
Copperfield and all the other books, which
have delighted us so much. We hope that
he will live to write a great many more. He
spoke very appreciatively of his enthusiastic
reception in this country and almost apologised
for some of the opinions that he had expressed
in his ** American Notes/' which he published,
after his first visit here, twenty-five years ago.
He evidendy thinks that the United States of
America are quite worth while.
August 6, 1 87 1. — Under the auspices of
the Y.M.C.A., Hon. George H. Stuart,
President of the U. S. Christian Commission,
spoke in an open air meeting on the square
this afternoon and in our church this evening.
The house was packed and such eloquence I
never heard from mortal lips. He ought to
be called the Whitfield of America. He told
of the good the Christian Commission had
done before the war and since. Such war
stories I never heard. They took up a collec-
tion which must have amounted to hundreds
London, Atigust^ 1872. — John sent for Aunt
Ann Field and James, his wife and me to
come to England to visit him and we have
been here nearly a month. Mr Alexander
Howell and Mr Henry Chesebro are here and
came to see us to-day. On our voyage over,
U. S. Grant, Jr., wasi one of our fellow
passengers and boarded the steamer from a
tug boat which came down the bay alongside,
when we had been out half an hour. President
Grant was with him and stood on deck,
smoking the proverbial cigar. We were glad *
to see him and the passengers gave him three
cheers and three -times three, with the greatest
August 8. — To-day we heard by cable the
sad news that our dear Grandmother is dead.
It does not seem possible that we shall never
see her again on this earth. She took such
an interest in our journey and just as we
started I put my dear little Abigail Beak
Clarke in her lap to receive her parting bless-
ing. As we left the house she sat at the
front window aiid saw us go and smiled her
farewell. Little did I dream that it was our
last look on earth of her sweet face.
904 VILLAGE LIFE IN ABfERICA
^Aftgust 20. — Anna has written how often
she prayed that "He who holds the winds
in his fists and the waters in the hollow of
his hands, would care for us and bring us to
our desired haven/' She had received one
letter, telling of our safe arrival and how much
we enjoyed going about London, when she
was suddenly taken ill and Dr Hayes said she
could never recover. Anna's letter came, after
ten days, telling us all the sad news, and how
Grandmother looked out of the window the last
night before she was taken ill, and up at the
mo6n and stars aiid said how beautiful they
were. Anna says, "How can I ever write it.?
Our dear little Grandmother died on my bed
September i. — Anna has come to England
to live with John for the present.
From the New York Evangelist of August
15, 1872, by Rev. Samuel Pratt, D.D.
"Died, at Canandaigua, N. Y., August 15,
1872, Mrs Abigail Field Beals, widow of
Thomas Beals, in the 89th year of her age.
Mrs Beals whose maiden name was Field,
was born in Madison, Conn., April 7, 1784;
She wis a sister of Rev. David Dudley
Field, D. D., of Stockbrrdge, Mass., and of
Rev. Timothy Field, first pastor of the
Congregational church of Canandaigua. She
came to Canandaigua with her brother,
Ttmothy, in 1800. In 1805 she was married
to Thomas Seals, Esq., with whom she lived
nearly sixty years, until he fell asleep. They
had eleven children, of whom only four
survive. In 1807 she and her husband
united with the Congregational church, of
which they were ever liberal and faithful
supporters. Mrs, Beals loved the good old
ways and kept her house in the simple and
substantial style of the past. She herself
belonged to an age of which she was the
la^t. With s^reat dignity and courtesy of
manner which repelled too much familiarity,
she combined a sweet and winning grace,
which attracted all to her, so that the youth,
while they would almost involuntarily ' rise up
before her,' yet loved to be in her presence
and called her blessed She possessed in a
« rare degree the ornament of a meek and quiet
spirit and lived in an atmosphere of love and
peace. Her home and room were to her
children and her children's children what
Jerusalem was to the saints of old. There
they loved to resort and the saddest thing
in her death is the simderirig of that tie which
bound so many generations together. She
never ceased to take a deep interest in the
prosperity of the beautiful village of which
ishe and her' husband were the pioneers, and
for which they did so much and in the church
of which she was the oldest mefnber. Her
mind retained, its activity to the last and her
heart was warm^ in sympathy with every good
work. While she was weH informed in all
current events, she most delighted in whatever
406 VILLAGE LIFE IN AMERICA
concerned the Kingdom. Her Bible and
religious books were her constant companions
and her conversation told much of her better
thoughts, which were in Heaven, Living so
that those who kn6w her never saw in her
anything but fitness for Heaven, she patieiidy
awaited the Master's call and went down to
her grave in a full age like a shock of corn
fully ripe that com^th in its season."
I don't think I shall keep a diary any more,
only occasionally jot down things of import-
ance. Mr Noah T. Clarke's brother got
possession of my little diary in some way one
day and when he returned it I found written
on the fly-leaf this inscription to the diary :
*' You'd scarce expect a volume of my size
To hold so much that's beautiful and wise,
And though the heartless world might call me cheap
Yet from my pages some much joy shall reap.
As monstrous oaks from little acorns grow.
And kindly shelter all who toil below,
So my future greatness and the good I do
Shall bless, if not the world, at least a few."
I think I will close my old journal with the
mottoes which I find upon an old well-worn
writing book which Anna used for jotting
down ner youthful deeds. On the cover I find
inscribed, " Try to be somebody," and on the
back of the same book, as if trying to console
herself for unexpected achievement which she
could not prevent, " Some must be great !"
# # # # # #
JUNE Z7, X88OL
Our dear Anna was married to-day to Mr
Alonzo A. Cummings of Oakland, (JaL, and
has gone there to live. I am sorry to have
her go so far away, but love annihilates space.
There is no real separation, except in aliena-
tion of spirit, and that can never come — ^to us.
The Edmburgh Press
9 and ii Young Street
This book is a preservation photocopy.
It is made in compliance with copyright law
and produced on acid-free archival
60# book weight paper
vMdk meets the requirements of
ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (permanence of paper)
Preservation photocopying and binding
Harvaid CoUege, Cambridge, MA 02138: (617) 495-2413
If the ttem is recalled, the borrower wlfl be notified of
the need for an earlier return. (Non-receipt of overdue
notices does not exempt the borrower from overdue fines.)
Thank you for hewing us to preserve our coUectionl
3 2044 037 137 163